The HyperTexts

Israel: "Good fences make good neighbors" ... or do they?

by Michael R. Burch, an editor and publisher of Holocaust and Nakba poetry

High-ranking Israelis, including former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, have misinterpreted Robert Frost's famous poem "Mending Wall" in attempts to defend Israel's apartheid barriers, which are twice as high as the Berlin Wall in spots. Another Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, misquoted Frost, saying:

"High fences make good neighbors!"

But here's what Frost actually said about the creation of artificial walls that only serve to divide neighbors from each other:

Before I built a wall I’d ask to know
What I was walling in or walling out,
And to whom I was like to give offence.
Something there is that doesn’t love a wall,
That wants it down ...

There are no armed walls between the United States and Canada. Even France and Germany, once fierce and militant rivals, have abandoned armed borders, visas and customs. So today Germans and French people can travel freely between the the two nations, as can millions of other Europeans. No one in his/her right mind would suggest that Europe was "better" or "safer" when the Berlin Wall and other fortified, armed barriers created artificial divisions between Europeans.

Israel has spent billions of dollars on its apartheid walls, but can apartheid walls lead to a lasting peace?

Why does Israel insist that "Good fences make good neighbors" when Robert Frost was clearly saying exactly the opposite in his famous poem "Mending Wall"?
Reece Jones, a professor at the University of Hawaii and the author of Border Walls: Security and the War on Terror in the United States, India and Israel, questions the assumption that artificial barriers result in better human relationships. He suggests that we consider what Frost really said about arbitrary divisions:

There where it is, we do not need the wall.

A number of nations, conspicuously Israel and he United States, have been increasingly attracted to the use of strategic barriers to promote national defense. In Do Fences Make Good Neighbors?, defense analyst Brent Sterling examines the historical use of strategic defenses such as walls or fortifications to evaluate their effectiveness and consider their implications for modern security.

Sterling studies six famous defenses spanning 2,500 years, representing both democratic and authoritarian regimes: the Long Walls of Athens, Hadrian's Wall in Roman Britain, the Ming Great Wall of China, Louis XIV's Pré Carré, France's Maginot Line, and Israel's Bar Lev Line. Although many of these barriers were effective in the short term, they also affected the states that created them in terms of cost, strategic outlook, military readiness, and relations with neighbors. Sterling assesses how modern barriers against ground and air threats could influence threat perceptions, alter the military balance, and influence the builder's subsequent policy choices.

Advocates and critics of strategic defenses often bolster their arguments by selectively distorting history. Sterling emphasizes the need for an impartial examination of what past experience can teach us. His study yields nuanced lessons about strategic barriers and international security and yields findings that are relevant for security scholars and compelling to general readers.

"Sterling's analysis is consistently thorough and thought provoking. He devotes ample time to each case study, providing a balanced review of the political, economic, diplomatic, military, cultural, and other factors that influenced the decision to build strategic defenses."—Journal of Homeland Security

William Pitt and the Pips
by Michael R. Burch

On November 18, 1777 one of the wisest men in England, William Pitt, stood before the House of Lords and predicted that England could never defeat the Americans, despite the virtues and valor of Britain's soldiers. I think what he said to England about the Americans can also be said to Israel about the Palestinians:

"You may swell every expense, and every effort, still more extravagantly; pile and accumulate every assistance you can buy or borrow ... your efforts are forever vain and impotent ... for it irritates, to an incurable resentment, the minds of your enemies—to overrun them with the sordid sons of rapine and plunder! ... If I were an American, as I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my country, I never would lay down my arms, never! never! never!"

I think the only hope of victory for Israel is the victory of equality and justice. As long as white Americans tried to dominate Native Americans and African Americans, there was widespread racial violence. It was only after the reforms of the American Civil Rights Movement that racial tensions began to ease. The path to peace lies in equality and justice, not in one group of people robbing other people of their land, rights, freedom and justice, just because they have superior firepower. That is fascism, the downfall of the Confederacy and the Axis powers.

In order for peace to emerge, Israeli Jews cannot be seen as foreign invaders. That means they need to stop acting like foreign invaders intent on pillage, conquest and control, and start acting like people who want to be good neighbors. A good neighbor does not say, "My rights are superior to your rights, and I have the right to take your land, house and property because of things that happened in the past that you had nothing to do with." Nowhere on earth would anyone want to live with neighbors who think their rights supersede other people's rights.

The great failure of Israel has been to win every battle except the one that really matters: the struggle to establish true democracy, true equality and true justice for EVERYONE.

How to Win (or Lose) the War on Terror
by Michael R. Burch

Denis Kucinich is one of the few members of that den of corrupted democracy called Congress who tell it like it is. Discussing the counter-productive nature of American foreign policy recently, he said: “After more than 10 years of war against al Qaeda and the accompanying global ‘war on terrorism,’ we have failed to learn that our actions create reactions. Our presence creates destabilization, then radicalization. Occupations create insurgencies. In Afghanistan, we have fuelled the very insurgency we struggle to fight ... Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria—al Qaeda surfs instability created or supported by U.S. interventions. Al Qaeda is ready to exploit resentment toward the U.S. while capitalizing on the openings created by U.S. interventionism. As a result our U.S. tax dollars are being used to fuel the rise of extremism.”

Zbigniew Brzezinski, who was President Carter’s National Security Adviser, once said: “Eventually, if neo-con policies continue to be pursued, the United States will be expelled from the region and that will be the beginning of the end for Israel as well.”

Statement on H.R.4133—United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012
by Rep. Ron Paul, M.D.
May 9, 2012

Mr. Speaker: I rise in opposition to HR 4133, the United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act, which unfortunately is another piece of one-sided and counter-productive foreign policy legislation. This bill's real intent seems to be more saber-rattling against Iran and Syria, and it undermines US diplomatic efforts by making clear that the US is not an honest broker seeking peace for the Middle East.

The bill calls for the United States to significantly increase our provision of sophisticated weaponry to Israel, and states that it is to be US policy to "help Israel preserve its qualitative military edge" in the region.

While I absolutely believe that Israel—and any other nation—should be free to determine for itself what is necessary for its national security, I do not believe that those decisions should be underwritten by US taxpayers and backed up by the US military.

This bill states that it is the policy of the United States to "reaffirm the enduring commitment of the United States to the security of the State of Israel as a Jewish state." However, according to our Constitution the policy of the United States government should be to protect the security of the United States, not to guarantee the religious, ethnic, or cultural composition of a foreign country. In fact, our own Constitution prohibits the establishment of any particular religion in the US.
More than 20 years after the reason for NATO's existence—the Warsaw Pact—has disappeared, this legislation seeks to find a new mission for that anachronistic alliance: the defense of Israel. Calling for "an expanded role for Israel within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), including an enhanced presence at NATO headquarters and exercises," it reads like a dream for interventionists and the military industrial complex. As I have said many times, NATO should be disbanded not expanded.

This bill will not help the United States, it will not help Israel, and it will not help the Middle East. It will implicitly authorize much more US interventionism in the region at a time when we cannot afford the foreign commitments we already have. It more likely will lead to war against Syria, Iran, or both. I urge my colleagues to vote against this bill.

A Cornered Animal
by Rami Younis
May 23, 2012
Middle East Post

On May 3rd I got arrested for the 2nd time in my Life. Having gone through this last experience, the first seems like a pleasant, distant memory; Some kind of a tiring vacation. Don’t take this the wrong way—A year ago I got beaten and taken brutally with two other Apartheid fighting comrades, but you know how they say everything in life is relative. Even terrible experiences.

The spoken event took place outside of Ramleh prison (20 K south of Tel Aviv) In occupied Palestine, during a demonstration in support of our Palestinian prisoners who were in the midst of a long hunger strike battle. Huge police forces took away 8 protestors; Israeli Justice activists, foreigners and Palestinians. Teachers, students, people with careers. We then went to the local police station to wait outside for our friends. We started singing and chanting, but apparently that’s a little too much democracy and too much freedom of speech in this dark unequal regime, so Israel’s finest decided to teach us a lesson, in the spirit of Rabin’s memorable saying "break their arms and legs". Next thing we knew they were pouring out from the station in masses. Moving ahead like locust consuming everything in its path. Pushing, cursing, hitting and of course—tasering with riot control Tasers. I got taken away with 9 more protestors, and by taken away I mean got kicked, stood at, jumped at and dragged to the station. From here on, there was no way in hell any of us could’ve imagined what was about to happen.

First thing I remember is police officers throwing me on a pile of people, like a sack of potatoes. I glimpsed at my friend’s Jihad’s face, his eyes were all red, filled with blood. They stuck their fingers into his eye sockets. They opened Aiman’s mouth and spat in, twice. Once we were all gathered in a pile, their real fun started. Kicking, punching and spitting their way into satisfaction. And then came the tasering. One officer, called "Shimon", held the Taser in one hand and yelled: "who’s been a bad boy?" while the others were cheering him on, chanting "dirty Arabs" and "fuck them" all the while. Being on top of the group, I got to taste the electric side of Zionist justice quite intensively. Jihad and Dorit also took it pretty hard. Dorit picked up my glasses from the ground and hid them so the group of baboons all around us won’t harm them. Needless to say we all took it quite submissively, never using any of the "fuck you" conjugations that naturally pop up to mind. Fighting the urge to throw one back. We got lynched by Zionist law officers for protesting and ultimately, for being present in a given situation at a certain time. Imagine the horror that would have taken place, had we tried to get back at them. We’d probably be facing "terrorism" charges in a day or two. The only time I got nervous and worried we were about to lose it, was when our dearest friend, Shimon, sexually harassed the girls, who were held in the room next to us after they had separated us. I’ll spare the disgusting details, let’s just say it involved a frequent and loose use of the word "sucking". Yup. Real quality man.

I didn’t use the word "baboons" accidentally. During all this fun loving activity, I didn’t feel any humiliation. No matter how hard they tried, and God knows they tried so badly. I felt we were in the hands of animals. Primitive, frustrated animals. Instead of humiliation, I couldn’t help not feeling sad for them. I kept imagining every one of them after work, leading their violent, miserable lives. Later that night, looking around me at the wonderful justice fighters put behind bars, I felt proud. They’ve all accomplished so much in their lives—they were all educated and had ideals. They were role models, brave people who can set examples to others. And the cops? to tell the truth, I’m grateful for this experience. It taught me this ...

Mainly, that in the eyes of Zionist law men, there’s no difference between "Israeli Arabs" (using their terminology) and other Palestinians (67′ers). Does it matter we all had Israeli Ids? of course not. We faced the same violence 67′ers face on a daily basis, on every arrest they see. To the only democracy in the Middle East, a Palestinian, even one with Israeli citizenship, is a constant threat. And it’s well known how Israel deals with so called "threats", in its unique humane way. Even if they just chant "freedom". Even if they’re a teacher or a student.

Dealing with Shimon and his dear, dear friends, we also learned they’re afraid. Deep down inside they know we’re everything but an actual threat to anyone. But when you build your whole existence on lies you’ve convinced yourself they’re true, every little wake up call could be devastating. Every attempt to reach the bare naked truth is frightening. Every group of young, peaceful, non-violent people landing reality on them is dangerous. And what does an animal do when it’s cornered? When it’s that insecure?

It yells, punches, kicks, spits and tasers.

The Blatancy of Apartheid
by Philip Weiss
July 28, 2012

I’m no stranger to Israel and Palestine, still what shocks me about coming here is how blatant the system of unfairness is. Why is this not utterly familiar to me? I wonder. Why don’t Americans see this every day in the news? What kind of fairyland image are we getting of this place, and why? Or as the Canadian Christian pilgrim said to me last night leaving Qalandiya checkpoint, "What endless humiliation. And why is it such an open secret back home?" So everything here brings me back to the American denial, our blindered media, and to American Jewish identity and the lies that American Jews have told one another for generations.

A few impressions of the blatancy. I flew into Ben Guiron from Newark and my flight was mostly Jewish. There were no Palestinians or Arabs on the flight, as far as I could see. The sense was reinforced at Ben-Gurion. I saw no women wearing hijab, the customary form of dress in this part of the world. The shuttle I rode into Jerusalem had ten passengers, mostly American Jews, two binational Israeli American girls, a Christian tourist and an international aid type. This last passenger was dropped at Qalandiya checkpoint to go on to Ramallah. "Is this a hospital?" the orthodox girl in the front row asked. A reminder that the Palestinian reality is sealed off from Israelis, and also that Qalandiya is a vast bureaucratic complex in benign disguise, a border crossing that keeps the subject population Over There. "A lot of the Arabs throw rocks, that is why they put this up," an older Jew who fought in the 48 war explained to his wife as we passed along the wall.

After I checked into my hotel in the Old City, I ran into Jeff Halper of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions. He pointed out the flags above on a dwelling in the Muslim Quarter and said that I was witnessing the process of the Judaization of the Old City and of East Jeursalem generally, Jews cordoning off the holy city. My picture is of Muslims going to the Al Aqsa mosque to pray under these flags. They are reminded of who is boss at every turn.

I have been through Qalandiya twice in the last day and cannot convey what a dreary oppressive experience this is. Long lines of people made to walk in a wide muddy circle past the neverending re-arranged concrete walls, one of which has Fuck You as an eloquent graffiti. The soldiers stand at huge concrete cubes that the bulldozers have placed just so, a couple-hips'-width apart, and stop us at three points on our way in. Women and men are separated, in a fashion that has ghoulish echoes of the worst moments of Jewish history.

Oh but now we have power, now we are in history. This is what thrills American Jews and neocons, our moment. Powerful people do screwed up things.

But all the while my heart is with the Palestinians around me. The men are all gleaming and bathed and fresh. It is Ramadan. They wear nice clothes. They meet your eyes in a welcoming fashion but no one is ingratiating. It is too humbling for anyone to say anything, where are you from? Welcome, which they say in ordinary circumstances. While in the Old City, in the Ramadan crowds that inch packed and dangerous toward the mosque, there are always men at the side spraying water on as you walk by. Tossing it from bottles, spraying it with sprayers, to cool you down. A lovely gesture of community, in which I am included.

I know there is a strong Jewish community a few hundred yards away. It has its own beauties and fellowship and loving embrace. But pardon me if I can’t find my way there right now. I was raised as a Jewish outsider in America, and my spirit gravitates toward the outsiders here.

The largest impression of all: These people have no freedom of movement. It takes hours to make a 10 mile trip, and none of the thoughtful city planning that Jews get in West Jerusalem is extended to the Palestinians. No, they must be constrained at every turn, and choked, so they want to fly away. I would fly away. I’d move to the Gulf, I’d go to Europe, I’d give up.

And again what I find staggering is that we have so little understanding of this reality in the west. I am witnessing apartheid. I cannot think of any other term that so describes the systematic separation of people by race /ethnicity/religion, and the subjugation of one ethnicity to another. Whatever the glories of Zionism in Jewish history, a case I’m more than willing to make, this is where it ground itself out, a boot in the face of a civilized people.

So yes I blame the media. I blame the Times for running Richard Goldstone’s farcical claim that apartheid is a slander rather than Stephen Roberts’s cleareyed piece in the Nation that this is apartheid on steroids. I blame the Israel lobby for enforcing blindness to these conditions, I blame the politicians for accepting the blinders. I blame the Philadelphia Inquirer for saying the other day that a one state future is "untenable," when what is happening before our eyes is atrocity on atrocity. I blame the Jewish community for lying about what is happening here endlessly, destroying our intellectual inheritance, in the belief that it is good for the Jews. It is a disaster for Jews. It is a disgrace that Americans will one day have university courses and museum exhibits to try to explain to one another when the next generation wakes up to this madnesss and responds with appropriate fury.

Alan Hart on Zionism

There really is no mystery about how non-state terrorism can be defeated. In my book Zionism: The Real Enemy of the Jews I give a summary explanation of how in 147 words which, as I noted, are clear enough for understanding by an averagely intelligent child. I will now read those 147 words to you. (I think I did read them to a LISA audience two or three years ago but they bear repeating). Terrorists cannot operate, not for long, without the cover and the practical, emotional and moral support of the community of which they are a part. When that community perceives itself to be the victim of a massive injustice, and if that injustice is not addressed by political means, the community will cover, condone and even applaud the activities of those of its own who resort to terror as the only means of drawing attention to the injustice, to cause it to be addressed. It follows that the way to defeat terrorism—the only successful and actually proven way—is by addressing the genuine and legitimate grievances of the host community. The community will then withdraw its cover and support for its terrorists; and if they continue to try to operate, the community will oppose them by exposing them—reporting them to the authorities if reasoning fails. That is precisely what happened in Northern Ireland. -The terrorists called off their campaign WHEN THEY HAD NO CHOICE—because the Catholic host community would not cover and support them any longer. And that happened because the British government summoned up the will, about half a century later than it should have done, to risk the wrath of militant Protestantism by insisting that THE LEGITIMATE GRIEVANCES of the Catholics of Northern Ireland be addressed.

I’ll close with a comment on what I call the INEVITABILITY of non-state terrorism. Generally speaking, and at the risk of over-simplifying to make a point, I say that much non-state terrorism is a form of public relations to draw attention to injustice of one kind or another. The Palestinians, for example, turned to terror because they believed it was the only way they could bring their cause to the attention of the world and prevent Zionism closing the Palestine file for ever. And that, sadly, was how it had and still has to be because of the way our world is managed. What I mean is this. To have a good chance of getting their claims for justice addressed, non-state groups and parties need the support of a major power. (In the Cold War days they needed the support of either the U.S. or the Soviet Union). But the major powers are not concerned with justice for its own sake. In effect they say to those who want and need their grievances to be addressed, “Unless you can serve or threaten our interests, we don’t care about you.” That being so, it ought not to surprise anybody that non-state groups and parties with legitimate grievances say in effect to the major powers, “Okay, we’ll play the game by your rules and we’ll MAKE you care” (by turning to terror). It follows, or so it seems to me, that non-state terrorism is inevitable and will remain a fact of life on Planet Earth, probably escalating in the Subcontinent, unless and until the major powers, the one in Washington DC especially, decide that the best way to protect their own interests is by supportingmovements for justice-based change everywhere. Essentially there are two ways to run the world. One is in accordance with jungle law. The other is in accordance with international law which respects the human and political rights of all. We’ve had enough of the former. It’s time for the latter to be applied universally and not selectively as is the case today.

I want to read to you the warning words of Yehoshafat Harkabi, Israel’s longest serving Director of Military Intelligence. In his book Israel’s Fateful Hour, published in 1986, he wrote this: Israel is the criterion according to which all Jews will tend to be judged. Israel as a Jewish state is an example of the Jewish character, which finds free and concentrated expression within it. Anti-Semitism has deep and historical roots. Nevertheless, any flaw in Israeli conduct, which initially is cited as anti-Israelism, is likely to be transformed into empirical proof of the validity of anti-Semitism. It would be a tragic irony if the Jewish state, which was intended to solve the problem of anti-Semitism, was to become a factor in the rise of anti-Semitism. Israelis must be aware that the price of their misconduct is paid not only by them but also Jews throughout the world. In the world today we are witnessing a rising tide of anti-Israelism provoked by Israel’s arrogance of power, its contempt for international law and its appalling self-righteousness. (In Harkabi’s view self-righteousness is the biggest threat to Israel’s existence). If Israel stays on its present course, the danger is, as Harkabi warned, that anti-Israelism will be transformed into anti-Semitism, leading to Holocaust II – shorthand for another great turning against Jews everywhere and quite possibly starting in America. In my view the real danger of that happening will be greatly reduced if those (mainly Westerners) among whom most of the Jews of the world live are made aware of the difference between Judaism and Zionism.

My visit to Palestine
by Susan Wahhab

Dear friends,

I just came back from a short trip to Palestine and Israel. It felt good going home to Ramallah where I grew up and lived the first (and best) 17 years of my life. I also visited my extended family in Ramleh who stayed after 1948. The last time I was back was in 2003 in the midst of the 2nd intifada to see my grandmother for the last time. Things have changed since then. There are now fewer checkpoints but more security surrounding them. There is of course the eight meter separation wall built around towns and villages, cutting through streets, neighbourhoods and olive groves. Settlements surrounding Palestinian towns and villages are dotted all around the West Bank in full view. There are roads only used by settlers to reach their settlements and bypass Palestinian towns and villages. Palestinian homes now get water once or twice a week—I was very surprised that people run out of water and have to pay money to buy it.

Going back home brought back memories of the occupation while growing up in the 1970's and 1980's in Ramallah—the army Jeeps streaming through the streets, announcing curfews through the speakers, bloody demonstrations, smell of burning tyres, young boys dragged into the army Jeeps and the bizarre behaviour (that's what I used to think anyway) by the soldiers when they see the Palestinian flag being raised at demonstrations (The good news that after 25 years the Palestinian flag is now flying on every building, street lights, inside cars and people's homes. We now have progress. At least the demonstrations achieved something!)

Despite the insecurity, life with family and friends and living in a close community was beautiful. I was fortunate to have loyal and loving family, friends and neighbours. Everyone looked out for each other and despite the hardship of the surrounding occupation, we were relatively happy despite the international news that portrayed otherwise. My big family—my parents and 5 children—lived together in a small 2br apartment, five siblings slept in one small room on a double bed, and we ate and shared from the same plate on a small table in the kitchen that we also used to study on. We didn't have the comforts of everything but we were happy and made sure we looked out for each other.

As a young girl I was not aware of why we had demonstrations and curfews all the time. My family made sure we didn't talk about politics and I grew up illiterate about the Israel/Palestine conflict (except my grandmothers 1948 stories of course). My parents wanted us to know that Israelis were normal just like us and made sure that we visited my dad's many Jewish friends in West Jerusalem and my mum made them Palestinian food (stuffed chicken with rice mince and pine nuts—very yummy—kobbe, tabouli, stuffed zucchini and eggplant) every time they came to Ramallah to visit on Saturdays. I knew the soldiers were the same as my dad's friends but back then could never reconcile how they could be the same guys beating young boys and taking them away in their Jeeps.

My family packed up and left in 1986 to Australia due to the constant occupation and lack of future opportunities for five bright and talented children. It took me some time to adjust to a quiet and at times "boring" life without the constant curfews and demonstrations. My curiosity to understand what is happening in Palestine started then and I devoured books that explained the conflict. The books I read where more political and historical in nature of course.

But a chance encounter with an Israeli woman in 1996 at a personal development course in Sydney changed the way I thought about the political conflict. Batsheva heard me speak and asked me where I came from, I said "Palestine". She stared at me for a while. I realised that she was Israeli because of her accent. I was concerned that she was going to scream or swear at me. But then she came close to me and said "I am sorry for what my people did to your people". The long hug and cathartic cries followed. I could not let go of her. She became my second mum and we became good friends. Inviting her over my place for a taste of Palestinian food was a sign that she became family.

The experience made a difference in how I viewed the conflict. Political and historical narratives are dwarfed when people see each other as human beings. I was still young then to understand the importance of this chance encounter. Batsheva was on my mind last week as I was going through the streets of Bethlehem surrounded by the separation wall; as I was going through Kalandia checkpoint waiting my turn to get through the turnstiles to be scanned and asked why I was going to Jerusalem; as I saw the settlements surrounding Palestinian towns and wondering whether its inhabitants were just like Batsheva.

Batsheva is not your average person but she is like every other human being. We all have the capacity to open our hearts to see and hear each other's narrative and source of suffering. Once we do, the separation wall will surely fall and the checkpoints will melt and disappear. That's when Israel and Palestine will deserve to be called the "Holy Land". Maybe then we will let go of labels, flags, checkpoints and borders. Who needs them when their neighbour is just like Batsheva?

Show your support for a free Palestine. Sign the petition and give your opinion to the UN: http://www.gopetition.com/petition/41477.html

Susan Wahhab

Why We Don’t Need Another Needless War … In Iran
by Gene Lyons
March 20th, 2012

Two big things about Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s beating the war drum against Iran: First, Netanyahu has been predicting Iran’s imminent acquisition of nuclear weapons for twenty years. The usual time horizon he’s cited has been roughly one year.

Evidently, however, the Persians have fallen about nineteen years behind schedule. According to "senior Israeli government and defense figures" recently interviewed by the Associated Press, the best available intelligence is that the Iranians not only don’t have nuclear weapons now, but haven’t decided to build them. This also squares with the U.S. intelligence community’s view.

"The suspicion in Israel," the AP continues, is, get this, "that the Iranians have held off on a decision in order to deny Israel—and other countries—the pretext for an attack."

The cunning devils.

This also agrees with U.N. inspectors conclusions about Iran’s allegedly peaceful uranium enrichment activities. That while the potential for making bombs exists and the Iranians haven’t been exactly forthcoming, there’s no direct evidence the country’s moving toward atomic weapons.

For that matter, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei recently made a foreign policy address following parliamentary elections. "The Iranian nation" he said, "has never pursued and will never pursue nuclear weapons. There is no doubt that the decision makers in the countries opposing us know well that Iran is not after nuclear weapons because the Islamic Republic, logically, religiously and theoretically, considers the possession of nuclear weapons a grave sin and believes the proliferation of such weapons is senseless, destructive and dangerous."

The Ayatollah’s been saying these things almost as long as Netanyahu’s been saying the opposite. "Khamenei has also repeatedly said that Iran has a ‘no first strike’ policy," notes Middle East expert Juan Cole, "that it will not fire the first shot in any conflict." It bears emphasizing that the Supreme Leader, not lame duck President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad controls Iran’s armed forces.

The Ayatollah’s ecclesiastical role in Iran’s Shiite theocracy is very roughly that of Pope. One needn’t take him at face value to understand that having brought God into it, Khameni can’t easily turn into Mitt Romney in a turban and beard: shamelessly championing what he once abhorred. Also that the Supreme Leader has also given himself a theological pretext for cooperating with the West—should a face-saving compromise become possible.

Of course, if you’re like most Americans, you’ve never heard these things. Where U.S. news media are concerned, Israel is subject and its enemies object—rarely depicted as having legitimate interests or a sane point of view.

Meanwhile, the second big thing to understand about Netanyahu’s threats is that all relevant military experts agree that Israeli bombs can’t stop Iran from building nuclear weapons. That would take a prolonged U.S. bombing campaign and full scale ground invasion of a country with three times Iraq’s population, five times its land area and tough terrain. Gen. Martin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, recently told CNN that an Israeli raid on Iranian nuclear research sites "won’t achieve their long-term objectives."

What Israel’s bombing Iran would do is kill a lot of people, inflame the Iranian people’s nationalist passions and scatter radioactive materials far and wide. But I digress, as we’ve already established that the Persians have no sane perspective. Kevin Drum neatly satirizes the pro-Netanyahu point of view: "Danger! Mullahs! Nukes! Oil Supplies! Let’s blow up the region before something bad happens!"

Now then: Whatever else can be said about Benjamin Netanyahu, he’s definitely not crazy. As only a crazy person would advocate a futile attack against a hypothetical threat, it follows that the Prime Minister’s short term motives aren’t primarily military. Instead, they’re political, and very much in keeping with what Israeli journalist Noam Sheizaf calls Netanyahu’s increasingly open "Republikud" stance.

Specifically, the hypothetical "red line" everybody talks about isn’t in Tehran; it’s in Washington. The precipitating event isn’t anything Iran has done, but what the United States might do, specifically, re-elect Barack Obama. The president came into office talking about Palestinian rights, and hasn’t been forgiven.

Short of openly endorsing the GOP nominee, Netanyahu’s bellicose stance appears contrived to put Obama in a corner: damned if he doesn’t, ruined if he does.

Meanwhile, the prospect of war in the Persian Gulf has driven the world price of oil sky-high, a boon to speculators and GOP candidates.

Recognizing this, Obama neatly outflanked Netanyahu during his recent U.S. visit, promising that he’s got Israel’s back, won’t hesitate to use military force to prevent Iran from going nuclear, but also praising diplomacy, economic sanctions and pointedly warning against "loose talk of war."

In public, the Israeli Prime Minister had little choice but to sit and take it. Now he’s back home fuming. Does he dare try to force Obama’s hand?

And if he fails? Netanyahu’s well-advised to sit tight.

Americans have no heart for this needless war.

Strike Against Iran is 'Strategic Madness'
by Newsmax.com

A U.S. military strike against Iran to prevent Tehran’s mullahs from getting a nuclear bomb would be "the height of strategic madness" because it could escalate rapidly into a regional war, award-winning journalist Arnaud de Borchgrave tells Newsmax. There is a "50-50 proposition" that the escalating violence in Syria, where President Bashar Assad is waging a bloody crackdown on anti-regime protesters, could spill into other parts of the Middle East and beyond, de Borchgrave said.

"When you look at the connections between Syria and Iran and Syria and Russia — in fact, one of the main beneficiaries of Russian arms deals today is indeed Syria, so you’ve got a lot of players with a lot at stake — clearly, that could lead to an unraveling throughout the region," he said in the exclusive Newsmax.TV interview. De Borchgrave, a Newsmax contributor who also is editor at large at United Press International and The Washington Times, is director and senior adviser at the Transnational Threats Project at the Center for Strategic & International Studies. He believes the talks scheduled to resume next month between Iran and six world powers will drag on for a few months but inevitably break down without progress in the West’s bid to prevent Iran from building a nuclear bomb.

"The Iranians are not about to give up their nuclear capability," de Borchgrave said. That capability is not a recent ambition, he said, noting that the Shah of Iran, long before his 1977 ouster, "told me back in 1972 that Iran was going to become a nuclear power." It’s important to recognize that Iran considers itself surrounded by nuclear powers — Russia, China, Israel, India and Pakistan are all its neighbors, plus there is also the United States, he said. Once negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program fizzle out, de Borchgrave said, the United States, Israel, and Western allies probably will consider launching a military strike. That would be a "grave mistake," he said. "It would be the height of strategic madness to bomb Iran if you know what is going to trigger, which is an upheaval throughout the Middle East, and you’ll see oil at $300, $500 [a barrel], the sky’s the limit," he said.

And Iran doesn’t rely on its nuclear program to defend what it sees as its interests. "Iran has formidable asymmetrical retaliatory capabilities up and down the whole Gulf and, of course, with Hamas and Hezbollah," de Borchgrave said. Regarding Afghanistan, de Borchgrave said he does not believe that the formal charging of Army Staff Sgt. Robert Bales with 17 counts of murder will do anything to reduce Afghan resentment of the United States. Bales is accused of gunning down 17 civilians, mostly women and children, in a massacre that followed U.S. troops’ inadvertent burning of copies of the Koran, Islam’s holy book. "I think tensions will continue running high for the duration of the war," de Borchgrave said. "After all, you have an overwhelming majority of Afghans who just want to be left alone right now." He believes the Taliban are just biding their time, waiting until U.S. and NATO forces withdraw from Afghanistan. "Everybody knows we’re getting out so at the end of 2014 it’s curtains for the U.N. and NATO efforts," he said. "When you know that in advance, obviously you are planning for the post-engagement phase, as was the case in Vietnam."

Meanwhile, al-Qaida is using the Internet to reboot its strength since U.S. Navy SEALs killed al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden in May, de Borchgrave said. He pointed to the case of Mohamed Merah, a self-proclaimed jihadist French commando killed last week after he killed three French soldiers and three children and a rabbi at a Jewish school. "These people are recruited through the Internet," said de Borchgrave, adding that there are thousands of pro-al-Qaida sites. "These kids watch on the ’Net all the time, and they see all this propaganda, and it appeals to them," he said. "They are looking for action."

The Mashal and Jabari Affairs: Deja Vu, All Over Again?

Has Israel attempted murder twice, to deliberately prevent long-term truces with Hamas?

According to an Israeli peace activist, Gershon Baskin, who had mediated between Israel and Hamas in the past, Ahmed Jabari had just received a draft of a "permanent truce agreement with Israel" shortly before he was assassinated. Did Israel incite hostilities with Hamas on purpose, then use those hostilities as a pretext to murder Jabari expressly to derail the possibility of peace?

I think a very similar past incident suggests that the answer could be “yes.” In “Man in the Shadows,” the autobiography of Efraim Halevy, a former Director of the Mossad, Halevy mentioned Jordan’s King Hussein saying of the Mossad’s attempted assassination of Khaled Mashal that “the entire situation was beyond comprehension” because just days before the assassination attempt, he (King Hussein) had met with a Mossad agent and brokered a peace agreement offered by Hamas for a 30-year truce between Israel, the Palestinians and Hamas.

The full details of the earlier assassination attempt appear below. It seems to me that there is a very strong parallel, and an equally strong suggestion that Israel would rather murder people than have peace with Hamas. If this is true, the Jabari incident is especially troubling because it resulted in the deaths of civilians, children, and nearly started a war (or, more likely, another massacre like Operation Cast Lead).

Here is how a leading Israeli newspaper, Haaretz, reported the Jabari assassination: “Hours before Hamas strongman Ahmed Jabari was assassinated, he received the draft of a permanent truce agreement with Israel, which included mechanisms for maintaining the cease-fire in the case of a flare-up between Israel and the factions in the Gaza Strip. This, according to Israeli peace activist Gershon Baskin, who helped mediate between Israel and Hamas in the deal to release Gilad Shalit and has since then maintained a relationship with Hamas leaders.
Baskin told Haaretz on Thursday that senior officials in Israel knew about his contacts with Hamas and Egyptian intelligence aimed at formulating the permanent truce, but nevertheless approved the assassination. ‘I think that they have made a strategic mistake,’ Baskin said, an error ‘which will cost the lives of quite a number of innocent people on both sides.’”

Here are the details of the prior assassination attempt, which it seems to me may have also been triggered by Israeli government fears of a long-term truce between Israel and Hamas.

Khaled Mashal has been the main leader of the Palestinian political organization Hamas since the assassination of Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi in 2004. In 2010, The British Magazine New Statesman listed Mashal at number 18th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010."

On September 25, 1997, Mashal was the target of an assassination attempt carried out by the Israeli Mossad under orders from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his security cabinet.
Two Mossad agents carrying fake Canadian passports waited at the entrance of the Hamas offices in Amman, Jordan, with the intention of assassinating Mashal. As Mashal walked into his office, one of the agents came up from behind and held a device to Mashal's left ear that transmitted a fast-acting poison. The two agents were followed, apprehended and arrested.

Immediately after the incident, Jordan's King Hussein demanded that Benjamin Netanyahu turn over the antidote for the poison. At first Netanyahu refused, but as the incident grew in political significance, American President Bill Clinton intervened and compelled Netanyahu to turn over the antidote. Clinton later said: “I cannot deal with this man (Netanyahu); he is impossible.”

The Head of the Mossad, Danny Yatom, flew to Jordan with an antidote to treat Mashal, saving his life.

After the incident Mashal told Third Way Magazine: "Israeli threats have one of two effects: some people are intimidated, but others become more defiant and determined. I am one of the latter."

The basic facts above were confirmed in the autobiography of Efraim Halevy, a former Director of the Mossad. According to Halevy, there were four other Mossad agents involved, who were not captured and fled to the Israeli embassy in Amman. Halevy said that King Hussein later told him that he felt betrayed and that “the entire situation was beyond comprehension” because just days before the assassination attempt, he had met with a Mossad agent to broker a peace agreement offered by Hamas for a 30-year truce between Israel, the Palestinians and Hamas.

During Helevy’s meetings with King Hussein and Crown Pince Hassan, the botched assassination was described as “a highly incompetent piece of work.” Was this, perhaps, because the assassination was a rush job?

What happened? My educated guess is that the Mossad agent reported that a long-term truce was on the table, the good news was conveyed to Netanyahu, who unfortunately did not want peace with Hamas, and so the order was given to hastily arrange the assassination of Mashal.

How deeply involved was Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu? According to Halevy, Netanyahu “had spent the whole night at Mossad headquarters” and “was personally overseeing the steps and moves of the Mossad as they dealt with the incident.” Halevy also mentioned that “the whole story had been placed under heavy censorship.” Was this because Netanyahu was in a panic because he couldn’t afford to let the world know that he had ordered an assassination expressly to prevent a long-term truce with Hamas and the Palestinians?

At the time, Halevy was no longer with the Mossad, but because of his former good relationship with King Hussein, he was asked to intervene. He was rushed, at considerable expense, from Antwerp to Israel. His every request became like Moses parting the Red Sea.

In his autobiography, Halevy wrote that, as he was rushed to Mossad headquarters, “A strange feeling crept over me. It was like returning to the scene of a crime.” Did he, perhaps, have a foreboding that a terrible crime had been committed — not just an assassination, but the murder of peace itself? Of course that is speculation on my part, but nothing seems to be beyond the madness of King Bibi ...

In any case, Halevy found the Israeli masterminds wondering if they could bribe Jordan with weapons — infrared night sights for tanks and upgraded aircraft.

The Madness of King Bibi: “Erratic Unreason”
compiled by Michael R. Burch and gleaned from the press clippings of Reuters, the Guardian and other major news services

Is King Bibi mad, or incompetent, like mad King George?

Yes, according to former heads of Israel’s famous intelligence services, the Mossad and the Shin Bet.

According to Juan Cole, writing for Informed Comment, Yuval Diskin joins Meir Dagan “in blowing the whistle on the erratic unreason of Netanyahu and Barak.”

Diskin accused Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Ehud Barak of having “messianic feelings” that cloud their judgement and made them unqualified to lead the country. According to the Huffington Post, “Dagan's statements, rare for a man known for discretion and secrecy during a three-decade career in the intelligence service, have startled many Israelis.” Diskin had been seen as relatively apolitical, perhaps lending his words even greater weight.

"I have no faith in the current leadership of Israel to lead us to an event of this magnitude, of war with Iran," Diskin said at a public meeting, a video of which was posted on the Internet the next day and quickly became the lead news item in Israel. "I do not believe in a leadership that makes decisions based on Messianic feelings," he continued. "I have seen them up close. They are not messiahs, these two, and they are not the people that I personally trust to lead Israel into such an event."

Dagan has called the bellicose duo’s threats to bomb Iran “the stupidest idea I’ve ever heard.” The former Mossad spymaster, who supervised an ambitious espionage campaign against Tehran’s nuclear program, warned that a military strike would ignite a regional war that could go on for years. He also pointed out that “A very large number of experts have been saying for a great many years that one of the results of an Israeli attack in Iran could be a dramatic acceleration of the Iranian nuclear program. In other words, that which the Iranians currently prefer to pursue slowly and quietly these days, they’ll have legitimacy to pursue quickly and within a far shorter period of time.” And he also explained that Israel lacks the capability to prevent Iran from creating nuclear weapons, which makes a military strike nonsensical.

Dagan's stinging criticism of Netanyahu has been noteworthy because he has a reputation as a hard-liner toward Israel's Arab and Muslim adversaries. Foreign press reports have attributed a number of bold operations to the Mossad during Dagan's eight-year term. "He is one of the most right-wing militant people ever born here, somebody who ate Arabs for breakfast, lunch and dinner," wrote Ben Caspit, the chief columnist for the Maariv daily. "When this man says that the leadership has no vision and is irresponsible, we should stop sleeping soundly at night." Caspit also claimed that two other recently-retired security chiefs expressed similar reservations in private.

How irrational is Netanyahu? His senior associates accused Dagan of involvement in a political plot to topple Netanyahu. They accused Dagan of perpetrating "sabotage against democratic institutions in Israel” and took away his diplomatic passport!

Dagan has criticized the ruling Likud Party’s intention to pass the “Dagan Law” which entails imposing restrictions on statements made by the heads of security apparatuses. In an interview to the Israeli newspaper Maariv, Dagan asserted that the Israeli regime is more dangerous than the Iranian threat which he downplayed. He said that the “real threat” to Israel is the ruling regime, and that Israel is on the brink of the abyss. The former Mossad chief also accused Netanyahu of using most of his time and effort toward strengthening the ruling coalition in fear that it would collapse and the premier would lose his power in a day.

Diskin's speech – in which he also attacked the government for not actively pursuing peace with the Palestinians – came days after the country's current top military commander, Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz, also seemed to disagree with the country's leadership on the likelihood that Iran will pursue a nuclear weapon. Gantz told The Associated Press that Iran would ultimately bow to international pressure and decide against building a nuclear weapon. In an interview with the Israeli daily Ha’aretz, he described Iran’s leadership as “very rational” who would not make such a decision.

But according to senior, high-ranking Israeli intelligence experts, generals and politicians, the leaders of Israel are far from rational.

According to a Matav article, “Diskin’s comments deepened the sense that a rift is growing between the hawkish Netanyahu government and the security establishment over the question of a strike [on Iran].”

Lieutenant General Shaul Mofaz, an opposition leader and former Defense Minister, said that he took Diskin’s criticism of Netanyahu and Barak very seriously and rejected claims that the comments were made out of personal or political considerations.

Mofaz addressed Netanyahu directly in the Knesset, saying, “Over the past few months, Israel has waged an extensive and relentless p.r. campaign with the sole objective of preparing the ground for a premature military adventure. This p.r. campaign has deeply penetrated the ‘zone of immunity’ of our national security, threatens to weaken our deterrence, and our relations with our best friends.”

Former IDF chief of staff Lt.-Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi also defended Diskin, saying, “I know Diskin and he spoke what was on his heart out of genuine concern.”

Meanwhile, former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert joined a chorus of voices warning against rushing into war with Iran, saying, “There is enough time to try different avenues of pressure to change the balance of power with Iran without the need for a direct military confrontation with Iran.”

David Grossman decried Netanyahu's fevered declarations that he might soon order a unilateral strike on the Islamic Republic of Iran and its nuclear facilities, warning of Netanyahu's "megalomaniacal" vision.

The Sunday papers all led with either Diskin’s remarks, or the return fire from supporters of Netanyahu and Barak, calling Diskin several variations on a disgruntled former employee. But both Diskin and Dagan left their government positions with high praise from all quarters, including from Netanyahu, with whom they met routinely. Along with the army, Shin Bet and Mossad are the agencies Israelis depend on to prevent crisis and preserve security, dealing efficiently with the kind of sensitive issues that cannot brook mismanagement. As analysts loyal to the prime minister scrambled to discredit another critic once praised as a consummate professional, Israel’s most prominent columnist, Nahum Barnea of Yedioth Ahronot, insisted the question of character is better directed at the prime minister himself. “The question… is not why Diskin but, rather, why Netanyahu? How has it happened that this man, who is currently at peak popularity, peak public respect, fails to earn even a smidgen of respect from the people who knew him best of all?”

Diskin’s remarks on peace talks, incidentally, echoed the view he offered a conference room of foreign reporters in late 2010, when he was still in charge of Shin Bet. “In order to keep the legitimacy of the Palestinian security forces we need real progress in the peace process,” Diskin said then. “Everything is connected to the progress we will have or we will not have in the peace process.” Ben-Dror Yemini, a conservative columnist for the daily Ma’ariv, called Diskin’s remarks a windfall for Abbas, especially on the heels of a statement one day earlier by Israeli president Shimon Peres that “Abu Mazen really wants peace with Israel.”

Diskin did not limit his criticism of Netanyahu to the Prime Minister’s Iran policy. He also referred to a world that historically sees Israel through the prism of its conflict with the Palestinians, blaming Netanyahu for the lack of progress toward a peace deal by pointing out that the Prime Minister’s right-wing coalition prevents anything more than rhetorical support for negotiating a two-state solution with Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas, also known as Abu Mazen: “The state of Israel needs to aspire to a long-term arrangement on the basis of a two-state solution ... The fact is that we’re not talking with the Palestinians ... and guys, forget about all the stories they’re selling you in the media about how we want to talk, but Abu Mazen doesn’t and so forth. I’m telling you, we’re not talking with the Palestinians because this government has no interest in talking with the Palestinians. I was there up until a year ago. I know from up close what is going on in that area. This government has no interest in talking with the Palestinians. It most certainly has no interest in resolving anything with the Palestinians. The prime minister knows that if he takes even the smallest step forward on this issue then the well-established rule of the prime minister in the State of Israel and his strong coalition will fall apart. It’s that simple. That is why no one here has any interest in resolving anything with the Palestinians, and that is the source of the Palestinians’ frustration—and incidentally, I’m not defending the Palestinians in the least. They have made their mistakes.”

One of the first criticisms voiced by a security figure came last summer from Israel's recently retired spy chief, Meir Dagan. He called a strike against Iran's nuclear program "stupid." Dagan, who headed the Mossad spy agency, said an effective attack on Iran would be difficult because Iranian nuclear facilities are scattered and mobile, and warned that it could trigger war.

Shaul Mofaz – a former military chief and defense minister who has since been elected head of the opposition Kadima Party – recently said that the threats of an imminent military strike are actually weakening Israel. Mofaz, who was born in Iran and moved to Israel as a child, said Israel "is not a ghetto" and that despite its military might must fully coordinate with the U.S. on any plan to strike Iran.

Dan Halutz, who led the Israeli military from 2005 to 2007, also criticized Netanyahu last month for invoking Holocaust imagery in describing the threat posed by a nuclear-armed Iran. "We are not kings of the world," Halutz said. "We should remember who we are."

A recent poll suggested the public agrees. The survey, conducted by the Israeli Dahaf agency for the University of Maryland, said 81 percent of Israelis oppose a solo attack on Iran.

Rahm Emanuel, the Jewish-American mayor of Chicago and former White House chief of staff who once served as a civilian volunteer with the Israeli Defense Forces during the Gulf War, reportedly slammed Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, calling his behavior "unfathomable," according to Israel’s Channel 2 News. Emanuel spoke at a closed-door meeting during the Saban Forum in Washington, DC, where sources quoted him as saying: "It is unfathomable that a prime minister would behave the way Netanyahu behaved," an apparent reference to Israel's recent announcement that it would continue to develop settlements in the E1 corridor in the West Bank.

Is Emanuel a secret enemy of Israel or a “self-hating Jew”? Not at all. William Daroff, one of the Jewish leaders active in Washington, explains: “you don't have to have a Likud view of the world to be considered pro-Israel ... I know that Rahm Emanuel is very involved in the U.S.-Israel relationship. There are many Jews in Israel who are left of center ... I think it's misleading to think that the prime minister of Israel is the final arbiter of what every Jew must think of the Arab-Israeli conflict in order to be a good Jew. And I think that would be the case whether Netanyahu or Rabin or Livni or Yossi Beilin was the prime minister. I would say that Rahm Emanuel supports Israel. I would say that President Obama supports Israel. Their view of what supporting Israel should be—and what Israel should be doing regarding peace—might be different from Uzi Landau's view, but might be the same as Tzipi Livni's view. It doesn't mean they are enemies of the state of Israel or betraying their Jewishness. Because Rahm Emanuel never had a right-wing view of the Israel-U.S. relationship. In Congress he was pretty much a centrist. I know that Rahm Emanuel feels very close to Israel."

During his time in Congress, Emanuel voted with his party on the subject of Israel 98 percent of the time. He signed letters and draft bills in support of Israeli security, on the one hand, and efforts to promote peace efforts, on the other, beginning with the letter declaring Congressional support for the road map, which was sent to president George W. Bush. He was in favor of financial assistance to the Palestinians, but called on them to give up terror. He was one of the only two Jews in Congress who agreed to support the Geneva Initiative, in 2003.

What are other prominent Jews saying about what appears to be the madness of King Bibi?

Israeli Labor MK Binyamin Ben-Eliezer warned that the world was "losing its patience with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's irresponsible policies." Ben-Eliezer called the move "a badly timed decision" that "risks the loss of support from the United States and from European countries." According to Ben-Eliezer, "The world is telling Israel 'enough,' and the fact that friend-states like Britain and France are considering recalling their ambassadors is a long-reaching issue that can lead Israel to international isolation."

Tzipi Livni, the former leader of Israel’s largest political party, Kadima, said that Netanyahu's decision to build in the settlements "isolates Israel, encourages international pressure and will not happen either way." Livni added that reports that France and Britain are considering to recall their envoys proves that Netanyahu's government makes diplomatic moves that are bad for Israel. According to Livni, "In one month of dangerous military and diplomatic moves, Netanyahu formed a Hamas state in Gaza, a Palestinian state in the UN and now, with his response, made Israel guilty in the eyes of the world."

Israel has said it will not backtrack on a settlement expansion plan after Britain, France and other European governments summoned Israeli ambassadors to hear protests about Israel’s authorization of 3,000 new homes in the West Bank and in East Jerusalem. The US government under multiple presidents — Democratic and Republican — has long opposed the expansion of settlements as a roadblock to peace.

An official speaking for Israeli prime minister Binyamin “Bibi” Netanyahu said: "Israel will continue to stand by its vital interests, even in the face of international pressure, and there will be no change in the decision that was made." The Israeli cabinet unanimously rejected the UN vote, describing the West Bank as "disputed territory" over which the Jewish people had "a natural right." But this, of course, ignores the right of the Palestinian people to keep their ever-dwindling land intact. Israel has already taken more than 80% of Palestine by force, hook and crook. At some point, either Israel will have to act with reason, or the world will have to step in, if there is going to be any land left for millions of Palestinians who otherwise face not only ethnic cleansing, but genocide.

Approximately 2.5 million Palestinians live in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, where they suffer under a brutal and oppressive military occupation in which Israeli soldiers protect Jewish robber barons rather than their victims — most of them completely innocent Palestinian children and their mothers.

Most world powers consider Israel's settlements to be illegal. Israel cites historical and Biblical links to the West Bank and Jerusalem and regards all of the holy city as its capital, a claim that is not recognised internationally.

Netanyahu told his cabinet that his administration "will carry on building in Jerusalem and in all the places on the map of Israel's strategic interests".

Israel's Channel 2 reported that Rahm Emanuel, Barack Obama's former chief of staff, described the Netanyahu’s behavior, as "unfathomable."

The settlement plan, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said, would deal "an almost fatal blow" to a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Israel announced the construction of the homes after the United Nations general assembly voted to recognise the Palestinian state. A mere eight countries out of 193 sided with Israel in opposing the Palestinian state.

The British prime minister's spokesman said Alistair Burt, the Foreign Office minister, had met the Israeli ambassador in London on Monday morning to complain about the new building programme, and that the Foreign Office had put out its own statement about the row.

Australia, Denmark, France, Spain and Sweden also summoned Israeli ambassadors in protest at the plan. Germany urged Israel to refrain from expanding settlements and Russia said it viewed plans to put more new homes in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem with serious concern. Russia "views these Israeli intentions with the most serious concern", the Foreign Ministry said in a statement. "Implementation of the announced plans for large-scale settlement activity would have a very negative effect on efforts to resume direct negotiations aimed at a two-state solution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict," it said.

France’s foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, said Israel's plans were a "new area of colonisation" and, if confirmed, would "sap the necessary confidence in a resumption of talks".

Downing Street downplayed reports that Britain might withdraw its ambassador from Israel, but refused to completely rule it out as an option.

Palestinian chief negotiator Saeb Erekat said he hoped Britain and France were considering the step. He said an E1 building project "destroys the two-state solution, (establishing) East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and practically ends the peace process and any opportunity to talk about negotiations in the future."

Sami Abu Zuhri, spokesman for the Hamas Islamist movement that governs the Gaza Strip, said the settlement plans were "an insult to the international community, which should bear responsibility for Israeli violations and attacks on Palestinians."

According to David Remick, “Since early last year, Israelis have witnessed a very different kind of dissidence, of a variety almost unknown since the founding of the state. As Netanyahu and his Defense Minister, Ehud Barak, routinely speak of an imminent “existential threat” from Tehran, comparable to that of the Nazis in 1939, and warn that the Iranian nuclear program is fast approaching a “zone of immunity,” a growing number of leading intelligence and military officials, active and retired, have made plain their opposition to a unilateral Israeli strike. They include the Army Chief of Staff, the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force, the heads of the two main intelligence agencies, the Mossad (Israel’s C.I.A.) and Shin Bet (its F.B.I.), President Shimon Peres, and members of Netanyahu’s cabinet, including the Intelligence Minister. Apart from Peres, these men are anything but liberals; most have impeccable hard-line credentials. The insiders are more muted in their language than the “exes,” but there is no question that together they present Netanyahu and Barak with a formidable barrier to an attack.”

Children of Gaza: Scarred, trapped, vengeful
by Rachel Shields
The Independent

Omsyatte, 12, in pink, and her family at the grave of her brother, Ibrahim, who was one of the 1,400 Palestinian victims of the 2008 Israeli military offensive against Gaza

Omsyatte adjusts her green school uniform and climbs gingerly on to a desk at the front of the classroom. The shy 12-year-old holds up a brightly coloured picture and begins to explain to her classmates what she has drawn. It is a scene played out in schools all over the world, but for one striking difference: Omsyatte's picture does not illustrate a recent family holiday, or jolly school outing, but the day an Israeli military offensive killed her nine-year-old brother and destroyed her home.

"Here is where they shot my brother Ibrahim, God bless his soul. And here is the F16 plane that threw rockets into the house and trees, and here is the tank that started to shoot," she says, to a round of applause from the other children. The exercise is designed to help the pupils at the school come to terms with the warfare that has dominated their short lives; particularly the horrors of the 2008 Israeli military offensive Operation Cast Lead, which killed 1,400 Palestinians, and destroyed one in eight homes.

Like hundreds of displaced Gazans, Omsyatte's family have spent more than a year living in a tent on a site near their home. Little rebuilding work has been done during this time—with supplies unable to pass into Gaza because of the ongoing blockade imposed by Israel in 2007—and groups of children now pick their way through piles of rubble, kicking footballs around the bombsites which used to be local landmarks.

Homelessness is just one of the issues facing the 780,000 Gazan children in the aftermath of the conflict, problems that are explored in a revealing new documentary Dispatches: Children of Gaza, to be screened tomorrow at 8pm on Channel 4. Perhaps the most disturbing of these is the emotional scars borne by children who have survived the conflict; the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme reports that the majority of children show signs of anxiety, depression and behavioural problems.

Small boys build toy rockets out of drinks bottles, and talk about the fake guns they are going to buy with their pocket money. While boys the world over are preoccupied with fighting and weapons, this takes on a more sinister significance when the game isn't Cowboys vs Indians, but Jews vs Arabs, and the children's make-believe warfare is chillingly realistic.

These games may reflect the children's desire for revenge against their neighbours, of which many speak openly. "I think we are seeing a growing desire for violence, and it saddens me," said Jezza Neumann, the Bafta-winning director of the programme. "If they could get revenge legally, or saw someone saying sorry, then perhaps they could come to terms with it, but there has been no recourse. What you're seeing now may only be the tip of the iceberg."

Mahmoud, 12, describes the day Israeli soldiers knocked on the door and shot his father dead, lying down in the dirt where his father fell in a heartbreaking reconstruction, and describes the enormous changes it wrought upon him. "Before the war, I was thinking about education, but after I started thinking about becoming a fighter," he says, his thickly lashed brown eyes staring straight into the camera. "God willing, if I can kill one Israeli it will be better than nothing."

Desperate to avenge his father's death, Mahmoud is encouraged by his uncle Ahmed, a member of the terrorist group Islamic Jihad. Sitting Mahmoud down in front of a martyrdom film, Ahmed says, "Look how he doesn't feel a thing when he is detonated" as a suicide bomber dies. Just a few hundred yards from the family's home is a training camp for Gaza's fighters—both Hamas and Islamic Jihad—where young men carrying rocket launchers are clearly visible.

While Mahmoud is desperate for revenge, his mother weeps when she considers the possibility that he may become a martyr. "It is an honour to die in the name of Allah, but I don't want to lose my son," she said.

Some believe that with Israel's tight restrictions on movement blocking conventional career options for the 1.1 million people who live there, children may feel they have no choice but to join resistance movements. Last week Palestinians in the Gaza Strip lit 1,000 candles and held a peaceful protest to mark 1,000 days of the Israeli blockade. During this time, unemployment has risen to 45 per cent, with 76 per cent of households now living in poverty.

"The children are struggling with the idea of the future," Mr Neumann said. "Many graduates in Gaza are unemployed, and they can't see a way forward because they can't get out."

Families have been fractured by the conflict, with many parents racked by guilt because they couldn't protect their children from the violence, and now cannot provide for them in the aftermath. Sitting in the tent which is now their home, Omsyatte's father weeps as he talks of his regret over the death of his son Ibrahim.

"The Israelis killed my son while he was in my arms, and I could do nothing to protect him," he says, tears streaming down his face. "I couldn't even look at him when he was taking his last breaths of life, because the soldiers were right above my head. I was too much of a coward to even hug my son. I was afraid that they would kill me. These things torment me."

Dr Ahmed Abu Tawanheena, the director of the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme, says this issue is also affecting children in Gaza. "They have lost their parents twice: first, during the conflict, when they saw their parents terrified and unable to protect them from the violence. Now, under the blockade, they see their parents are still unable to provide for their basic needs, such

as shelter or food," he said. "It's a crisis which is threatening families and communities across the Gaza Strip."

For some, this crisis has had a devastating impact on family relationships, with mental health professionals and NGOs linking a rise in domestic violence with these feelings of guilt and impotence. A study by the Palestinian Women's Information and Media Centre (PWIC) in March 2009 found that 77 per cent of women in the Gaza Strip are exposed to domestic violence, while a survey by the UN Development Fund for Women (Unifem) also indicated that violence against women increased during periods of heavy conflict.

Many children are suffering the physical effects of the conflict. One of these is Mahmoud's nine-year-old sister Amal. Trapped under the rubble of her home—which was destroyed by Israeli shells—for four days before she was rescued, Amal was left with shrapnel lodged in her brain. Plagued by headaches and nosebleeds, and unable to get the medical care she needs in Gaza, Amal is lucky enough to be granted papers which allow her to travel to nearby Tel Aviv to be examined by a specialist. However, her experiences have left her so scared of Israelis that she doesn't want to go.

Crouching over a colouring book, her curly brown hair held back with pretty hair bands, she explained: "I'm scared to go to Israel. From the Jews. I'm frightened they might kill me."

Many of the children in Gaza's Shefa hospital do not have the option of leaving the strip, and the prognosis for children in the oncology ward is bleak. Chemotherapy is not available in Gaza, and many of the children on the ward have not been granted the papers they need to seek the treatment readily available to Palestinians just across the Israeli and Egyptian borders. One of these children is 10-year-old Ribhye, crippled by advanced leukaemia and unable to leave Gaza. His distraught father, sitting in a hospital room devoid of the equipment and medicine his son so desperately needs, is devastated not to have been granted leave to take Ribhye out of Gaza. "How do I get out? This border is closed, that border is closed. What do I do?" he asked.

"The mortality rate for cancer in Gaza is much higher than elsewhere," said Steve Sosebee, president of the Palestinian Children's Relief Fund. "You have to get a permit if you want to cross into Gaza and most of them are not granted. A lot of kids are dying as a result of the decisions being made by the people in charge, whether Hamas, the Egyptian government, the Israeli government."

Even the parents who have papers allowing their children to leave don't fare much better. Eight-year-old leukaemia sufferer Wissam was granted permission to cross into Egypt for treatment, but has been waiting for weeks for the border crossing to be opened. After being told that he would finally be allowed through after sitting at the border for hours, the coach full of hospital patients was turned away, and had to make the long drive back to the Nasser hospital. Wissam's father desperately tried to find out from hospital officials why the coach was turned back. "Every day the child stays here is a danger to his life," he said, his words echoing the thoughts of so many Palestinian parents.

Israel and the Abused Child Syndrome
by Eitan Felner

Israeli society suffers from the syndrome of the abused child. That is the only reasonable answer to the frequently posed question of how a people that suffered so long, that was victimized for 3,000 years, can be indifferent to the suffering it inflicts on another people.

The state of Israel was formed against the backdrop of the most chilling act of genocide in modern history. Israel cannot escape that traumatic past. As in the case of an adult survivor of childhood abuse, a primal insecurity informs our perception of reality.

Every danger whether real or imagined, large or small is experienced in terms of our long history of persecution. Living in Israel, it is not hard to justify our self-perception as victims. Suicide bombings in Israeli cities have killed and maimed dozens of civilians in recent years. Israel remains in a state of war with half its neighbors. This reality is easily read in terms of our collective memory as victims.

Yet our identity as the eternal victim prevents us from realizing that today we are not only victims. Just as some victims of child abuse turn into victimizers as adults, we Israelis, having assumed a position of power over others, have ourselves become victimizers.

It is the syndrome of the abused child that informs the attitude of the Israeli public to human rights violations committed by our security forces in the Occupied Territories. Take, for example, the case of the public debate about torture in Israel.

The use of torture by the Israeli security service is routine. Thousands of Palestinian detainees are violently shaken, kept for days in excruciating positions, denied sleep for prolonged periods or subjected to extremes of noise, cold and filth. Israeli officials publicly acknowledge such practices.

Torture's stigma prompts most nations to deny any use of force in interrogations, but the Israeli public, at large, supports the use of torture as a legitimate means to defend security.

Israel's resort to collective forms of punishment provokes a similar response.

In the past ten years, Israel has demolished more than 400 houses of family members of Palestinians suspected of violent acts against Israel. No public outcry has been raised about this policy, which has rendered homeless hundreds of innocent people, many of them children and the elderly.

Israeli public opinion has also remained indifferent to the blatantly discriminatory manner in which this policy is applied. Only Palestinians are subjected to collective punishments.

Four years ago, when 29 Palestinians were killed by an Israeli settler at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron, Israel took seriously the fundamental legal principle that every person is responsible for his or her own acts. It did not take reprisals against innocent people, such as the family or neighbors of the perpetrator of the massacre.

Israel's repressive policies cannot be compared to the horrors of the Holocaust. Yet neither can our suffering in the past, however terrible, be used to excuse present wrongs.

The syndrome of the abused child only exacerbates the cycle of violence in the Middle East. The experience of occupation and dispossession has turned Palestinians into the new generation of "abused children." As such, Palestinians often justify the sufferings caused by suicide bombs in Tel Aviv or Jerusalem by the affliction we cause to them. This in turn re-enforces our self-perception as perpetual victims.

This cycle of victimhood has profound effects on the potential for a negotiated settlement of the conflict. A peace process has begun, yet a peace based on human rights violations is fragile at its core. Collective punishment, brutality and needless humiliation diminish the willingness for reconciliation and compromise.

Milestones are often an occasion for introspection. This year Israel celebrated its 50th anniversary and the international community is celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is a timely opportunity to recognize and begin to address our syndrome.

We must not forget the past, but neither can we let our painful history make us complacent toward the suffering we cause to others.

The writer is executive director of B'Tselem, the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, and a former chairperson of the Israel section of Amnesty International. He contributed this comment to the International Herald Tribune.

The Israeli Air Force and the Finnish Children's Clinic in Gaza
by Gush Shalom
July 13, 2009

"An attack of this kind violates all international conventions" said representatives of the Finnish Church. The clinic had supplied primary medical care to children." As part of the Israeli Air Force bombardments there was totally destroyed last Saturday in Gaza a children's clinic created some years ago by Finn Church Aid jointly with other Scandinavian humanitarian organizations. According to Jouni Hemberg, Chief of Humanitarian Aid for Finn Church Aid, the clinic was evacuated due to the approach of Israeli troops, with church personnel marking it conspicuously with Red Cross symbols, visible from both the ground and the air, in the hope of preserving it from harm and facilitating its re-opening once the fighting ended. The clinic had an important role in preserving the health of poor children in the neighbourhood.

The entire clinic was destroyed in a bombing by the Israeli Air Force, and all the medical equipment, provided through considerable sums collected from donations collected throughout Scandinavia, was totally destroyed. The church people strongly reiterate that this was a children's clinic which had no connection of any kind to Hamas and could not have been considered a military target by any criteria. Gideon Gitai, an Israeli journalist and peace activist living in Finland, says that this bombing—which went completely unreported in Israel—had caused great shock and outrage in Scandinavia .
Two other Scandinavian-funded children's clinics, located in other parts of Gaza, still survive, and the Finn Church Aid directors hope that their strong protest would at least save these from a similar fate.

"The army's rampage in Gaza passes all boundaries and all logic. The wanton destruction of a clinic is just a small sample of the insane and criminal policy also manifested in the widespread use of white phosphorus bombs which cause severe burns to civilians on whom they fall. The state of Israel, its government, and the soldiers and officers acting in its name all become increasingly inhuman with every continuing day of this monstrous war. All of us will feel the severe direct and indirect consequences for many years to come" says Gush Shalom, Israeli Peace Bloc.

Article of Finnish media site YLE
Contact: Adam Keller adam@gush-shalom.org

Liebermania in action
by Gush Shalom
October 9, 2010

This week Israel's security forces practiced the putting down of mass demonstrations and protests among Israel's Arab citizens and their imprisonment in a large detention camp to be established at Golani Junction in Galilee. The exercise was based on a scenario of the riots being provoked by implementation of Avigdor Lieberman's plan for "an exchange of populations", i.e. massively depriving Arabs of their Israeli citizenship. A week ago Lieberman voiced this heinous idea on the podium of the UN Assembly General and Prime Minister Netanyahu murmured some weak reservations. Now it turns out that the security forces are already preparing to implement it in practice, under the responsibility of none other than Labor Party leader Ehud Barak—the Minister of Defence.

It goes without saying that in a country having any pretence to be a democracy it would be unacceptable and unthinkable for the security forces to practice waging war against the country's own citizens. Together with the racist "Loyalty Oath Bill" which gained the support of the government, and with the demonstrative resumption of settlement construction in the Occupied Territories, it increasingly seems that Lieberman is the true Prime Minister, and that the government follows on his path, leading the State of Israel in big and rapid strides into the abyss.

Obama and Israeli interests
by Gush Shalom
June 4, 2009

Uri Avnery: "Obama offers real hope to Israelis and Palestinians where Netanyahu's 'Government of Yesterday' has nothing to offer."

"As an Israeli patriot I must say, without the shadow of a doubt, that at this moment the President of United States understands the interests of Israel much better than Israel's own Prime Minister and his ministers" says Uri Avnery of Gush Shalom, the Israeli Peace Bloc. "In his memorable Cairo speech, as in his entire career so far, President Obama has opened up a horizon of real hope to the citizens of Israel as to the Palestinians and to all Arabs and Muslims, as he brought hope to the citizens to the US, who elected him. Conversely, Netayahu's is 'Yesterday's Government' and offers no solution of any kind, and whose policy consists of clinging blindly to continued occupation and settlement expansion.

Each year in the beginning of June, Israeli peace seekers demonstrate, in order to remind their fellow—citizens that our country is maintaining a cruel occupation rule over millions of Palestinian inhabitants, already for more than two-thirds of Israel's total history. This year we are also demonstrating in the concrete hope that the end of the occupation is near, the beginning of peace between the state of Israel and the state of Palestine to arise, between Israel and the entire Arab world.

On the short term, the demand for ending settlement expansion, made so forcefully by President Obama, is a correct and justified demand. Not only because the President of the United States is demanding and pressuring, but mainly because that is the true and vital Israeli interest. Construction should be halted in all settlements without exception: not a house and not hut, not in isolated settlements and not in settlements blocks, neither natural growth nor artificial growth.

What has no right to exist naturally has no right for natural growth, either. The settlements should never have been built in the first place, and should not continue to exist. Young settlers should be told that they cannot build homes in an occupied territory which would not remain under Israeli rule, and that they must find their future within the recognized borders of Israel (i.e., the Green Line borders). Soon, their parents would join them. "


The Failure of the American Jewish Establishment
by Peter Beinart
June 10, 2010

In 2003, several prominent Jewish philanthropists hired Republican pollster Frank Luntz to explain why American Jewish college students were not more vigorously rebutting campus criticism of Israel. In response, he unwittingly produced the most damning indictment of the organized American Jewish community that I have ever seen.

The philanthropists wanted to know what Jewish students thought about Israel. Luntz found that they mostly didn't. "Six times we have brought Jewish youth together as a group to talk about their Jewishness and connection to Israel," he reported. "Six times the topic of Israel did not come up until it was prompted. Six times these Jewish youth used the word ‘they‘ rather than ‘us‘ to describe the situation."

That Luntz encountered indifference was not surprising. In recent years, several studies have revealed, in the words of Steven Cohen of Hebrew Union College and Ari Kelman of the University of California at Davis, that "non-Orthodox younger Jews, on the whole, feel much less attached to Israel than their elders," with many professing "a near-total absence of positive feelings." In 2008, the student senate at Brandeis, the only nonsectarian Jewish-sponsored university in America, rejected a resolution commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the Jewish state.

Luntz's task was to figure out what had gone wrong. When he probed the students' views of Israel, he hit up against some firm beliefs. First, "they reserve the right to question the Israeli position." These young Jews, Luntz explained, "resist anything they see as ‘group think.'" They want an "open and frank" discussion of Israel and its flaws. Second, "young Jews desperately want peace." When Luntz showed them a series of ads, one of the most popular was entitled "Proof that Israel Wants Peace," and listed offers by various Israeli governments to withdraw from conquered land. Third, "some empathize with the plight of the Palestinians." When Luntz displayed ads depicting Palestinians as violent and hateful, several focus group participants criticized them as stereotypical and unfair, citing their own Muslim friends.

Most of the students, in other words, were liberals, broadly defined. They had imbibed some of the defining values of American Jewish political culture: a belief in open debate, a skepticism about military force, a commitment to human rights. And in their innocence, they did not realize that they were supposed to shed those values when it came to Israel. The only kind of Zionism they found attractive was a Zionism that recognized Palestinians as deserving of dignity and capable of peace, and they were quite willing to condemn an Israeli government that did not share those beliefs. Luntz did not grasp the irony. The only kind of Zionism they found attractive was the kind that the American Jewish establishment has been working against for most of their lives.

Among American Jews today, there are a great many Zionists, especially in the Orthodox world, people deeply devoted to the State of Israel. And there are a great many liberals, especially in the secular Jewish world, people deeply devoted to human rights for all people, Palestinians included. But the two groups are increasingly distinct. Particularly in the younger generations, fewer and fewer American Jewish liberals are Zionists; fewer and fewer American Jewish Zionists are liberal. One reason is that the leading institutions of American Jewry have refused to foster—indeed, have actively opposed—a Zionism that challenges Israel's behavior in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and toward its own Arab citizens. For several decades, the Jewish establishment has asked American Jews to check their liberalism at Zionism's door, and now, to their horror, they are finding that many young Jews have checked their Zionism instead.

Morally, American Zionism is in a downward spiral. If the leaders of groups like AIPAC and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations do not change course, they will wake up one day to find a younger, Orthodox-dominated, Zionist leadership whose naked hostility to Arabs and Palestinians scares even them, and a mass of secular American Jews who range from apathetic to appalled. Saving liberal Zionism in the United States—so that American Jews can help save liberal Zionism in Israel—is the great American Jewish challenge of our age. And it starts where Luntz's students wanted it to start: by talking frankly about Israel's current government, by no longer averting our eyes.

Since the 1990s, journalists and scholars have been describing a bifurcation in Israeli society. In the words of Hebrew University political scientist Yaron Ezrahi, "After decades of what came to be called a national consensus, the Zionist narrative of liberation [has] dissolved into openly contesting versions." One version, "founded on a long memory of persecution, genocide, and a bitter struggle for survival, is pessimistic, distrustful of non-Jews, and believing only in Jewish power and solidarity." Another, "nourished by secularized versions of messianism as well as the Enlightenment idea of progress," articulates "a deep sense of the limits of military force, and a commitment to liberal-democratic values." Every country manifests some kind of ideological divide. But in contemporary Israel, the gulf is among the widest on earth.

As Ezrahi and others have noted, this latter, liberal-democratic Zionism has grown alongside a new individualism, particularly among secular Israelis, a greater demand for free expression, and a greater skepticism of coercive authority. You can see this spirit in "new historians" like Tom Segev who have fearlessly excavated the darker corners of the Zionist past and in jurists like former Supreme Court President Aharon Barak who have overturned Knesset laws that violate the human rights guarantees in Israel's "Basic Laws." You can also see it in former Prime Minister Ehud Barak's apparent willingness to relinquish much of the West Bank in 2000 and early 2001.

But in Israel today, this humane, universalistic Zionism does not wield power. To the contrary, it is gasping for air. To understand how deeply antithetical its values are to those of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government, it's worth considering the case of Effi Eitam. Eitam, a charismatic ex–cabinet minister and war hero, has proposed ethnically cleansing Palestinians from the West Bank. "We'll have to expel the overwhelming majority of West Bank Arabs from here and remove Israeli Arabs from [the] political system," he declared in 2006. In 2008, Eitam merged his small Ahi Party into Netanyahu's Likud. And for the 2009–2010 academic year, he is Netanyahu's special emissary for overseas "campus engagement." In that capacity, he visited a dozen American high schools and colleges last fall on the Israeli government's behalf. The group that organized his tour was called "Caravan for Democracy."

Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman once shared Eitam's views. In his youth, he briefly joined Meir Kahane's now banned Kach Party, which also advocated the expulsion of Arabs from Israeli soil. Now Lieberman's position might be called "pre-expulsion." He wants to revoke the citizenship of Israeli Arabs who won't swear a loyalty oath to the Jewish state. He tried to prevent two Arab parties that opposed Israel's 2008–2009 Gaza war from running candidates for the Knesset. He said Arab Knesset members who met with representatives of Hamas should be executed. He wants to jail Arabs who publicly mourn on Israeli Independence Day, and he hopes to permanently deny citizenship to Arabs from other countries who marry Arab citizens of Israel.

You don't have to be paranoid to see the connection between Lieberman's current views and his former ones. The more you strip Israeli Arabs of legal protection, and the more you accuse them of treason, the more thinkable a policy of expulsion becomes. Lieberman's American defenders often note that in theory he supports a Palestinian state. What they usually fail to mention is that for him, a two-state solution means redrawing Israel's border so that a large chunk of Israeli Arabs find themselves exiled to another country, without their consent.

Lieberman served as chief of staff during Netanyahu's first term as prime minister. And when it comes to the West Bank, Netanyahu's own record is in its way even more extreme than his protégé's. In his 1993 book, A Place among the Nations, Netanyahu not only rejects the idea of a Palestinian state, he denies that there is such a thing as a Palestinian. In fact, he repeatedly equates the Palestinian bid for statehood with Nazism. An Israel that withdraws from the West Bank, he has declared, would be a "ghetto-state" with "Auschwitz borders." And the effort "to gouge Judea and Samaria [the West Bank] out of Israel" resembles Hitler's bid to wrench the German-speaking "Sudeten district" from Czechoslovakia in 1938. It is unfair, Netanyahu insists, to ask Israel to concede more territory since it has already made vast, gut-wrenching concessions. What kind of concessions? It has abandoned its claim to Jordan, which by rights should be part of the Jewish state.

On the left of Netanyahu's coalition sits Ehud Barak's emasculated Labor Party, but whatever moderating potential it may have is counterbalanced by what is, in some ways, the most illiberal coalition partner of all, Shas, the ultra-Orthodox party representing Jews of North African and Middle Eastern descent. At one point, Shas—like some of its Ashkenazi ultra-Orthodox counterparts—was open to dismantling settlements. In recent years, however, ultra-Orthodox Israelis, anxious to find housing for their large families, have increasingly moved to the West Bank, where thanks to government subsidies it is far cheaper to live. Not coincidentally, their political parties have swung hard against territorial compromise. And they have done so with a virulence that reflects ultra-Orthodox Judaism's profound hostility to liberal values. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Shas's immensely powerful spiritual leader, has called Arabs "vipers," "snakes," and "ants." In 2005, after Prime Minister Ariel Sharon proposed dismantling settlements in the Gaza Strip, Yosef urged that "God strike him down." The official Shas newspaper recently called President Obama "an Islamic extremist."

Hebrew University Professor Ze'ev Sternhell is an expert on fascism and a winner of the prestigious Israel Prize. Commenting on Lieberman and the leaders of Shas in a recent Op-Ed in Haaretz, he wrote, "The last time politicians holding views similar to theirs were in power in post–World War II Western Europe was in Franco's Spain." With their blessing, "a crude and multifaceted campaign is being waged against the foundations of the democratic and liberal order." Sternhell should know. In September 2008, he was injured when a settler set off a pipe bomb at his house.

Israeli governments come and go, but the Netanyahu coalition is the product of frightening, long-term trends in Israeli society: an ultra-Orthodox population that is increasing dramatically, a settler movement that is growing more radical and more entrenched in the Israeli bureaucracy and army, and a Russian immigrant community that is particularly prone to anti-Arab racism. In 2009, a poll by the Israel Democracy Institute found that 53 percent of Jewish Israelis (and 77 percent of recent immigrants from the former USSR) support encouraging Arabs to leave the country. Attitudes are worst among Israel's young. When Israeli high schools held mock elections last year, Lieberman won. This March, a poll found that 56 percent of Jewish Israeli high school students—and more than 80 percent of religious Jewish high school students—would deny Israeli Arabs the right to be elected to the Knesset. An education ministry official called the survey "a huge warning signal in light of the strengthening trends of extremist views among the youth."

You might think that such trends, and the sympathy for them expressed by some in Israel's government, would occasion substantial public concern—even outrage—among the leaders of organized American Jewry. You would be wrong. In Israel itself, voices from the left, and even center, warn in increasingly urgent tones about threats to Israeli democracy. (Former Prime Ministers Ehud Olmert and Ehud Barak have both said that Israel risks becoming an "apartheid state" if it continues to hold the West Bank. This April, when settlers forced a large Israeli bookstore to stop selling a book critical of the occupation, Shulamit Aloni, former head of the dovish Meretz Party, declared that "Israel has not been democratic for some time now.") But in the United States, groups like AIPAC and the Presidents' Conference patrol public discourse, scolding people who contradict their vision of Israel as a state in which all leaders cherish democracy and yearn for peace.

The result is a terrible irony. In theory, mainstream American Jewish organizations still hew to a liberal vision of Zionism. On its website, AIPAC celebrates Israel's commitment to "free speech and minority rights." The Conference of Presidents declares that "Israel and the United States share political, moral and intellectual values including democracy, freedom, security and peace." These groups would never say, as do some in Netanyahu's coalition, that Israeli Arabs don't deserve full citizenship and West Bank Palestinians don't deserve human rights. But in practice, by defending virtually anything any Israeli government does, they make themselves intellectual bodyguards for Israeli leaders who threaten the very liberal values they profess to admire.

After Israel's elections last February, for instance, Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice-chairman of the Presidents' Conference, explained that Avigdor Lieberman's agenda was "far more moderate than the media has presented it." Insisting that Lieberman bears no general animus toward Israeli Arabs, Abraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that "He's not saying expel them. He's not saying punish them." (Permanently denying citizenship to their Arab spouses or jailing them if they publicly mourn on Israeli Independence Day evidently does not qualify as punishment.) The ADL has criticized anti-Arab bigotry in the past, and the American Jewish Committee, to its credit, warned that Lieberman's proposed loyalty oath would "chill Israel's democratic political debate." But the Forward summed up the overall response of America's communal Jewish leadership in its headline "Jewish Leaders Largely Silent on Lieberman's Role in Government."

Not only does the organized American Jewish community mostly avoid public criticism of the Israeli government, it tries to prevent others from leveling such criticism as well. In recent years, American Jewish organizations have waged a campaign to discredit the world's most respected international human rights groups. In 2006, Foxman called an Amnesty International report on Israeli killing of Lebanese civilians "bigoted, biased, and borderline anti-Semitic." The Conference of Presidents has announced that "biased NGOs include Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Christian Aid, [and] Save the Children." Last summer, an AIPAC spokesman declared that Human Rights Watch "has repeatedly demonstrated its anti-Israel bias." When the Obama administration awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Mary Robinson, former UN high commissioner for human rights, the ADL and AIPAC both protested, citing the fact that she had presided over the 2001 World Conference Against Racism in Durban, South Africa. (Early drafts of the conference report implicitly accused Israel of racism. Robinson helped expunge that defamatory charge, angering Syria and Iran.)

Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International are not infallible. But when groups like AIPAC and the Presidents' Conference avoid virtually all public criticism of Israeli actions—directing their outrage solely at Israel's neighbors—they leave themselves in a poor position to charge bias. Moreover, while American Jewish groups claim that they are simply defending Israel from its foes, they are actually taking sides in a struggle within Israel between radically different Zionist visions. At the very moment the Anti-Defamation League claimed that Robinson harbored an "animus toward Israel," an alliance of seven Israeli human rights groups publicly congratulated her on her award. Many of those groups, like B'Tselem, which monitors Israeli actions in the Occupied Territories, and the Israeli branch of Physicians for Human Rights, have been at least as critical of Israel's actions in Lebanon, Gaza, and the West Bank as have Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

All of which raises an uncomfortable question. If American Jewish groups claim that Israel's overseas human rights critics are motivated by anti—Israeli, if not anti-Semitic, bias, what does that say about Israel's domestic human rights critics? The implication is clear: they must be guilty of self-hatred, if not treason. American Jewish leaders don't generally say that, of course, but their allies in the Netanyahu government do. Last summer, Israel's vice prime minister, Moshe Ya'alon, called the anti-occupation group Peace Now a "virus." This January, a right-wing group called Im Tirtzu accused Israeli human rights organizations of having fed information to the Goldstone Commission that investigated Israel's Gaza war. A Knesset member from Netanyahu's Likud promptly charged Naomi Chazan, head of the New Israel Fund, which supports some of those human rights groups, with treason, and a member of Lieberman's party launched an investigation aimed at curbing foreign funding of Israeli NGOs.

To their credit, Foxman and other American Jewish leaders opposed the move, which might have impaired their own work. But they are reaping what they sowed. If you suggest that mainstream human rights criticism of Israel's government is motivated by animus toward the state, or toward Jews in general, you give aid and comfort to those in Israel who make the same charges against the human rights critics in their midst.

In the American Jewish establishment today, the language of liberal Zionism—with its idioms of human rights, equal citizenship, and territorial compromise—has been drained of meaning. It remains the lingua franca in part for generational reasons, because many older American Zionists still see themselves as liberals of a sort. They vote Democratic; they are unmoved by biblical claims to the West Bank; they see average Palestinians as decent people betrayed by bad leaders; and they are secular. They don't want Jewish organizations to criticize Israel from the left, but neither do they want them to be agents of the Israeli right.

These American Zionists are largely the product of a particular era. Many were shaped by the terrifying days leading up to the Six-Day War, when it appeared that Israel might be overrun, and by the bitter aftermath of the Yom Kippur War, when much of the world seemed to turn against the Jewish state. In that crucible, Israel became their Jewish identity, often in conjunction with the Holocaust, which the 1967 and 1973 wars helped make central to American Jewish life. These Jews embraced Zionism before the settler movement became a major force in Israeli politics, before the 1982 Lebanon war, before the first intifada. They fell in love with an Israel that was more secular, less divided, and less shaped by the culture, politics, and theology of occupation. And by downplaying the significance of Avigdor Lieberman, the settlers, and Shas, American Jewish groups allow these older Zionists to continue to identify with that more internally cohesive, more innocent Israel of their youth, an Israel that now only exists in their memories.

But these secular Zionists aren't reproducing themselves. Their children have no memory of Arab armies massed on Israel's border and of Israel surviving in part thanks to urgent military assistance from the United States. Instead, they have grown up viewing Israel as a regional hegemon and an occupying power. As a result, they are more conscious than their parents of the degree to which Israeli behavior violates liberal ideals, and less willing to grant Israel an exemption because its survival seems in peril. Because they have inherited their parents' liberalism, they cannot embrace their uncritical Zionism. Because their liberalism is real, they can see that the liberalism of the American Jewish establishment is fake.

To sustain their uncritical brand of Zionism, therefore, America's Jewish organizations will need to look elsewhere to replenish their ranks. They will need to find young American Jews who have come of age during the West Bank occupation but are not troubled by it. And those young American Jews will come disproportionately from the Orthodox world.

Because they marry earlier, intermarry less, and have more children, Orthodox Jews are growing rapidly as a share of the American Jewish population. According to a 2006 American Jewish Committee (AJC) survey, while Orthodox Jews make up only 12 percent of American Jewry over the age of sixty, they constitute 34 percent between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four. For America's Zionist organizations, these Orthodox youngsters are a potential bonanza. In their yeshivas they learn devotion to Israel from an early age; they generally spend a year of religious study there after high school, and often know friends or relatives who have immigrated to Israel. The same AJC study found that while only 16 percent of non-Orthodox adult Jews under the age of forty feel "very close to Israel," among the Orthodox the figure is 79 percent. As secular Jews drift away from America's Zionist institutions, their Orthodox counterparts will likely step into the breach. The Orthodox "are still interested in parochial Jewish concerns," explains Samuel Heilman, a sociologist at the City University of New York. "They are among the last ones who stayed in the Jewish house, so they now control the lights."

But it is this very parochialism—a deep commitment to Jewish concerns, which often outweighs more universal ones—that gives Orthodox Jewish Zionism a distinctly illiberal cast. The 2006 AJC poll found that while 60 percent of non-Orthodox American Jews under the age of forty support a Palestinian state, that figure drops to 25 percent among the Orthodox. In 2009, when Brandeis University's Theodore Sasson asked American Jewish focus groups about Israel, he found Orthodox participants much less supportive of dismantling settlements as part of a peace deal. Even more tellingly, Reform, Conservative, and unaffiliated Jews tended to believe that average Palestinians wanted peace, but had been ill-served by their leaders. Orthodox Jews, by contrast, were more likely to see the Palestinian people as the enemy, and to deny that ordinary Palestinians shared any common interests or values with ordinary Israelis or Jews.

Orthodox Judaism has great virtues, including a communal warmth and a commitment to Jewish learning unmatched in the American Jewish world. (I'm biased, since my family attends an Orthodox synagogue.) But if current trends continue, the growing influence of Orthodox Jews in America's Jewish communal institutions will erode even the liberal-democratic veneer that today covers American Zionism. In 2002, America's major Jewish organizations sponsored a large Israel solidarity rally on the Washington Mall. Up and down the east coast, yeshivas shut down for the day, swelling the estimated Orthodox share of the crowd to close to 70 percent. When the then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz told the rally that "innocent Palestinians are suffering and dying as well," he was booed.

America's Jewish leaders should think hard about that rally. Unless they change course, it portends the future: an American Zionist movement that does not even feign concern for Palestinian dignity and a broader American Jewish population that does not even feign concern for Israel. My own children, given their upbringing, could as easily end up among the booers as among Luntz's focus group. Either prospect fills me with dread.

In 2004, in an effort to prevent weapons smuggling from Egypt, Israeli tanks and bulldozers demolished hundreds of houses in the Rafah refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip. Watching television, a veteran Israeli commentator and politician named Tommy Lapid saw an elderly Palestinian woman crouched on all fours looking for her medicines amid the ruins of her home. He said she reminded him of his grandmother.

In that moment, Lapid captured the spirit that is suffocating within organized American Jewish life. To begin with, he watched. In my experience, there is an epidemic of not watching among American Zionists today. A Red Cross study on malnutrition in the Gaza Strip, a bill in the Knesset to allow Jewish neighborhoods to bar entry to Israeli Arabs, an Israeli human rights report on settlers burning Palestinian olive groves, three more Palestinian teenagers shot—it's unpleasant. Rationalizing and minimizing Palestinian suffering has become a kind of game. In a more recent report on how to foster Zionism among America's young, Luntz urges American Jewish groups to use the word "Arabs, not Palestinians," since "the term ‘Palestinians' evokes images of refugee camps, victims and oppression," while "‘Arab' says wealth, oil and Islam."

Of course, Israel—like the United States—must sometimes take morally difficult actions in its own defense. But they are morally difficult only if you allow yourself some human connection to the other side. Otherwise, security justifies everything. The heads of AIPAC and the Presidents' Conference should ask themselves what Israel's leaders would have to do or say to make them scream "no." After all, Lieberman is foreign minister; Effi Eitam is touring American universities; settlements are growing at triple the rate of the Israeli population; half of Israeli Jewish high school students want Arabs barred from the Knesset. If the line has not yet been crossed, where is the line?

What infuriated critics about Lapid's comment was that his grandmother died at Auschwitz. How dare he defile the memory of the Holocaust? Of course, the Holocaust is immeasurably worse than anything Israel has done or ever will do. But at least Lapid used Jewish suffering to connect to the suffering of others. In the world of AIPAC, the Holocaust analogies never stop, and their message is always the same: Jews are licensed by their victimhood to worry only about themselves. Many of Israel's founders believed that with statehood, Jews would rightly be judged on the way they treated the non-Jews living under their dominion. "For the first time we shall be the majority living with a minority," Knesset member Pinchas Lavon declared in 1948, "and we shall be called upon to provide an example and prove how Jews live with a minority."

But the message of the American Jewish establishment and its allies in the Netanyahu government is exactly the opposite: since Jews are history's permanent victims, always on the knife-edge of extinction, moral responsibility is a luxury Israel does not have. Its only responsibility is to survive. As former Knesset speaker Avraham Burg writes in his remarkable 2008 book, The Holocaust Is Over; We Must Rise From Its Ashes, "Victimhood sets you free."

This obsession with victimhood lies at the heart of why Zionism is dying among America's secular Jewish young. It simply bears no relationship to their lived experience, or what they have seen of Israel's. Yes, Israel faces threats from Hezbollah and Hamas. Yes, Israelis understandably worry about a nuclear Iran. But the dilemmas you face when you possess dozens or hundreds of nuclear weapons, and your adversary, however despicable, may acquire one, are not the dilemmas of the Warsaw Ghetto. The year 2010 is not, as Benjamin Netanyahu has claimed, 1938. The drama of Jewish victimhood—a drama that feels natural to many Jews who lived through 1938, 1948, or even 1967—strikes most of today's young American Jews as farce.

But there is a different Zionist calling, which has never been more desperately relevant. It has its roots in Israel's Independence Proclamation, which promised that the Jewish state "will be based on the precepts of liberty, justice and peace taught by the Hebrew prophets," and in the December 1948 letter from Albert Einstein, Hannah Arendt, and others to The New York Times, protesting right-wing Zionist leader Menachem Begin's visit to the United States after his party's militias massacred Arab civilians in the village of Deir Yassin. It is a call to recognize that in a world in which Jewish fortunes have radically changed, the best way to memorialize the history of Jewish suffering is through the ethical use of Jewish power.

For several months now, a group of Israeli students has been traveling every Friday to the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, where a Palestinian family named the Ghawis lives on the street outside their home of fifty-three years, from which they were evicted to make room for Jewish settlers. Although repeatedly arrested for protesting without a permit, and called traitors and self-haters by the Israeli right, the students keep coming, their numbers now swelling into the thousands. What if American Jewish organizations brought these young people to speak at Hillel? What if this was the face of Zionism shown to America's Jewish young? What if the students in Luntz's focus group had been told that their generation faces a challenge as momentous as any in Jewish history: to save liberal democracy in the only Jewish state on earth?

"Too many years I lived in the warm embrace of institutionalized elusiveness and was a part of it," writes Avraham Burg. "I was very comfortable there." I know; I was comfortable there too. But comfortable Zionism has become a moral abdication. Let's hope that Luntz's students, in solidarity with their counterparts at Sheikh Jarrah, can foster an uncomfortable Zionism, a Zionism angry at what Israel risks becoming, and in love with what it still could be. Let's hope they care enough to try.

Peter Beinart is Associate Professor of Journalism and Political Science at the City University of New York, a Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, and Senior Political Writer for The Daily Beast. His new book, The Icarus Syndrome: A History of American Hubris, will be published in June.

Israel Arrests 700 Child Annually, 90% of them Subjected to Torture
Published on Wednesday, 18 July 2012

On Wednesday, July 18th, the Minister of Prisoners' Affairs, Issa Qaraqe, said that Israel arrests 700 Palestinian minors annually. These minors are all under the age of 18, and include children as young as 12 or 13. 90% of the children are also subjected to torture, ill-treatment, pressure, and bargaining.

Qaraqe also said that Israel treats the children as constant threats or "ticking bombs" as the Israeli law puts it. Classifying a child as a "ticking bomb" grants the Israeli prison system the ability to apply certain forms of torture and bypasses International law, effectively stripping the children of their immunity. He also said that since Israel does not respect International law in relation to detained children, the institutions of the international community form a campaign to protect the children of Palestine.

Qaraqe statements came during his speech at the celebration of the completion of summer camps for the children of prisoners and martyrs, organized by the Center for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture.

More than 200 children, along with the families of prisoners and martyrs and the head of the Center for Treatment and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture, Dr. Mahmoud Sahwil, participated in the celebration.

Sahwil welcomed the attendees and announced that this celebration, titled "A Step Toward the Future," is a challenge to the occupation; an occupation which works towards the destruction of Palestinians through arrests and repressive measures against the Palestinian people and by depriving children of the natural right to live in dignity.
Gifts were distributed to the participating children after they performed several plays, popular songs, and al-Dabkeh (a traditional dance).
There are currently 280 children detained in Israeli prisons, and a number of these children, especially from the Jerusalem areas, are sentenced with house arrests or deportation.

Rudd seeks action on torture allegations involving Palestinian children
by JOHN LYONS, MIDDLE EAST CORRESPONDENT

AUSTRALIA will raise concerns with Israel about its juvenile military court system, which has been accused of jailing and torturing Palestinian children as young as 12.
Following a report in The Weekend Australian Magazine three weeks ago, Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd has instructed Australian diplomats to visit the juvenile military court.

The diplomats have been told to report to Mr Rudd on the conditions they find at the Ofer military prison, near Jerusalem.

According to a statement from Mr Rudd’s office, he has also instructed Australian officials to initiate a meeting with Israeli authorities to raise concerns about the system under which Palestinian children are tried.

Sixty of Israel's leading psychologists, academics and child experts have written to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu saying that "offensive arrests and investigations that ignore the law do not serve to maintain public order and safety".

The Weekend Australian Magazine reported that allegations included: a boy kept in solitary confinement for 65 days; other boys in solitary confinement with the lights on 24 hours a day; a seven-year-old boy in Jerusalem taken for interrogation who says he was hit during questioning; three children being given electric shocks by hand-held devices to force them to confess; dog’s food being put on the head and near the genitals of a blindfolded boy and a dog being brought in to eat it while his interrogators laughed.

The magazine reported that, since January, 2007, Defence of Children International has collected and translated into English 385 sworn affidavits from Palestinian children held in Israeli detention who claim to have suffered serious abuse: electric shocks, beatings, threats of rape, being stripped naked, solitary confinement, threats that their families' work permits will be revoked and "position abuse"—which involves a child being placed in a chair with their feet shackled and hands tied behind their back, sometimes for hours.

A 10-year-old boy testified: "A soldier pointed his rifle at me. The rifle barrel was a few centimetres from my face. I was so terrified that I started to shiver. He made fun of me and said, 'Shivering? Tell me where the pistol is before I shoot you'."

A 15-year-old boy testified that he was tied to a metal pipe and beaten by a soldier and that an interrogator placed a device against his body and gave him an electric shock, saying: "If you don't confess I'll keep shocking you." He said the interrogator gave him another electric shock, at which point he could no longer feel his arms or legs, felt pain in his head and confessed.

Gerard Horton, an Australian lawyer dealing with many of the cases in his role at DCI, said one Israeli interrogator working in the settlement, Gush Etzion, "specialises in threatening children with rape" to get confessions.

One woman involved in the YMCA's rehabilitation program for children who have been under Israeli detention, Fadia Saleh, told The Australian as part of its investigation: "Last week, one boy described to me how dogs were present in the army jeep. In those jeeps, you have chairs on each side and an empty space in the middle—the children are put there, on the floor. Sometimes soldiers step on them.

"Every time the child moved, one of the dogs would bite him. When he arrived at the interrogation centre, his arm was bleeding. It was a short trip but he felt like (it was) a year."

The Weekend Australian Magazine reported that, while diplomatic and parliamentary missions from many countries had visited the juvenile court, Australian diplomats had appeared to show no obvious interest in the court. Mr Horton said Australia had been "conspicuously silent" about possible human rights abuses against Palestinian children.
He told the magazine: "It is disappointing that, of all the diplomatic missions in the region, Australia has been conspicuously silent on the issue of the military courts."

Australia’s Ambassador to Israel, Andrea Faulkner, was told of the treatment of children more than a year ago.

Although informed of the issue, neither Ms Faulkner nor any other Australian representative has visited the court.

The Weekend Australian Magazine was given rare access for the media to the court —it was allowed to visit on three separate occasions over the last year, with the Israeli Defence Forces, as part of this investigation.

This week, an Australian official has begun meetings on the issue in preparation for a visit to the juvenile court by Australian diplomats. Most of the children before the military court are charged with stone-throwing and sentenced to prison terms ranging from two weeks to 10 months. The Israeli Defence Forces reported at least 2766 incidents of rock-throwing against them or passing cars this year.

Israeli police say a crash in September in which a man and his infant son were killed may have been caused by a rock hitting their car. Authorities in Israel did not want to discuss individual cases of children but the country's international spokesman Yigal Palmor said there were "many things" that needed to improve and that Israel was working with human rights groups and making "slow reform and improvement".

The treatment of Palestinian children in the West Bank, which is under Israeli military occupation, is in contrast to the treatment of children in Israel. In Israel, a child cannot be sent to jail until the age of 14, while Palestinian children are being jailed from the age of 12; in Israel a child cannot be interrogated without a parent present; in Israel a child cannot be interrogated at night, while most of the Palestinian children being taken from their homes are detained between midnight and 5am; in Israel the maximum period of detention without access to a lawyer is 48 hours, while in the West Bank it is 90 days.

In recent times, the military court has been visited by diplomats or parliamentary delegations from the UK, the US, the European Union, the Netherlands, France, Spain, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Cyprus and the United Nations.

Mr Horton says that before most cases are taken up, DCI requires a sworn affidavit. He told the magazine of the common treatment for many children: "Once bound and blindfolded, the child will be led to a waiting military vehicle and in about one-third of cases will be thrown on the metal floor for transfer to an interrogation centre. Sometimes the children are kept on the floor face down with the soldiers putting their boots on the back of their necks, and the children are handcuffed, sometimes with plastic handcuffs, which cut into their wrists. Many children arrive at the interrogation centres bruised and battered, sleep-deprived and scared."

Mr Horton said the whole point of this treatment was to get the children to confess as quickly as possible.

In one case, even though a child insisted that a confession he had signed was not true, as he had signed it only after pressure, he was convicted on the basis of the confession.

A spokeswoman for Mr Rudd said that, during Israel’s last appearance before the UN Universal Periodic Review Working Group, Australia questioned Israel about reported mistreatment of detainees.

She said the government universally opposes the detention of minors.

"The Australian government’s long held view is that all children, regardless of ethnicity, religion, gender or other differences, should enjoy the same legal and human rights protections," she said.

UK report finds IDF tortures Palestinian children
Published: 28 June, 2012, 20:42
Reuters/Mohammed Salem

British lawyers have lodged a complaint at the UN against Israel for allegedly torturing Palestinian children. Their report showed youngsters held in solitary confinement and shackled while in the custody of the Israeli military.

This is considered torture and in breach of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. A report funded by the UK Foreign Office claims Palestinian youths are routinely abused by Israeli authorities. A delegation of nine British lawyers revealed how Palestinians as young as 12 are treated when arrested and in Israeli custody. They spoke to UN agencies, former Israeli soldiers, Palestinian and Israeli NGOs and Palestinian children.

The report—Children in Military Custody—found that children are arrested by a number of soldiers normally in a night raid on their homes; they are then blindfolded with their wrists bound and transported to an interrogation centre face down on the floor of military vehicles.

"The majority are verbally and physically abused, without being informed of their right to see a lawyer or of their right to silence. They are sometimes held in solitary confinement and made to sign statements they can’t read because they are written in Hebrew," the report says.

If Children are held for long periods in solitary confinement it is regarded as torture by the UN and is in breach of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Greg Davies, a children’s rights barrister, who compiled and wrote the report told RT, "the weight of evidence in favour of these allegations is considerable and complaints have been lodged at the UN".

Once in custody children have limited access to education and extremely restricted access to their family. "Every year Palestinian children are traumatised, sometimes irreversibly" the report states.

But Davies was told by Israeli military judges that Palestinian children are actually committing crimes so they end up in prison and get lessons, whereas the Palestinians, the UN and Israeli and Palestinian NGO’s claim that in most prisons the Israelis don't provide children with any education. "Palestinian children receive such a high standard of education that they have been known to offend just to access it," the judges said.

"We didn’t look at evidence of social and psychiatric harm to children, but I know there is a raft of evidence in relation to that," Davies explained to RT. A recent report by Save the Children found that Palestinian kids were suffering serious trauma as a result of the Israeli military occupation.

"When you look at the trauma that would be caused by arrest in the middle of the night or being dumped at the prison gates [after interrogation] with no one knowing you were there then it would be very difficult as a child not to suffer psychological damage," Davies said.

The report also highlights a discrepancy in the law. There is one law for Israelis and another for Palestinians. Under the Israeli civil legal system an Israeli child cannot be imprisoned under the age of 14 and can get legal representation within 48 hours. Under Israeli military law, Palestinian youths are jailed as young as 12, and can be held for up to three months without access to a lawyer.

Davies believes this amounts to racial discrimination, "we found them in breach of Article 2 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, it was evident there was discrimination," he said.

Davies explained that although they were only in court for a few hours on one day of their week-long visit they saw a child in leg irons. "What was surprising was that they [the Israeli authorities] knew we were there that day."

An Israeli military prosecutor told the team of lawyers, "Every Palestinian child is a potential terrorist." This stance, Davies says, leads to a spiral of injustice, which only Israel as the occupying power in the West Bank can reverse.

A spokesman from the Israeli Embassy in London told the UK newspaper the Independent that Israel appreciated the efforts of the delegation but blamed Palestinians for "glorifying terrorism". He added that as the Palestinian Authority will not investigate and prosecute alleged offences the Israeli military has no choice but to do so itself.

The UK government, which funded the report, said in statement, "We share many of the reports concerns and will continue to lobby for further improvements."

Israel Torture Palestinian Children with Electro-Shock
by STEPHEN LENDMAN

Defence for Children International (DCI) Palestine Section (DCI/Palestine) "is a national section of the international non-government child rights organisation and movement (dedicated) to promoting and protecting the rights of Palestinian children," according to international law principles.
Two earlier articles addressed their work, "Israeli Soldiers Sexually Abuse Palestinian Children" and "Imprisoning Palestinian Children."

Both covered Israel's systematic, institutionalized use of torture of Palestinian children as brutally as against adults. DCI/Palestine's latest September Bulletin adds more, saying:

"For the first time....three (documented) cases of children reporting being given electric shocks by Israeli interrogators (occurred) in Ari'el Settlement." Each was accused of stone throwing. Electric shocking extracted confessions although the boys maintain their innocence.

DCI and PACTI (the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel) demanded Israel investigate reports that a Gush Etzion settlement interrogator "attached car battery jump leads to the genitals of a 14-year old boy in order to obtain a confession to stone throwing."

The August 5 incident involved four boys walking near a road used by settlers when an Israeli jeep approached. "Just for fun," one boy waved. The jeep turned, was joined by others, and chased the boys. They were seized, blindfolded, painfully shackled, detained, and taken to the Zufin settlement, then to the Ari'el settlement where one boy, Raed, was interrogated.

Though innocent, "Threat of electrocution" made him confess to stone throwing, after which his head was slammed against a cupboard. He was also punched in the stomach, and a second interrogator shocked him with a handheld device, making him dizzy and shiver. He then signed a confession in Hebrew he couldn't understand, was transferred to Salem Interrogation and Detention Center, after which he was taken to Megiddo Prison, in violation of Fourth Geneva's Article 76, pertaining to the rights assured protected persons detained under occupation.

A second incident involved a 17-year old boy, Malek, falsely accused of throwing stones and Molotov cocktails. About 30 soldiers arrested and brutalized him like Raed before transferring him to Ofer Prison. On arrival, he was painfully struck on the head, then interrogated and threatened with physical violence and rape if he didn't confess. "He denied both accusations" during a two hour interrogation.

On September 15, 13-year old Khalil was arrested and accused of throwing a Molotov cocktail. At 1AM, Israeli soldiers smashed windows of his family's home, searched it, and took him to Ma'ale Adumin settlement. Though innocent, he was threatened with rape and intimidated to confess. He signed a six page document in Hebrew he didn't understand and has been detained at Ofer prison.

An earlier incident involved 16 year old Moatasem, arrested on March 20. He remains in administrative detention without charge or trial, at best hoping for a December release. Like the others, from arrest to detention, he was brutalized. During interrogation, he was asked about a plot involving a riot, bullets and weapons with no further explanation, something he knew nothing about and said so. On March 25, he was ordered administratively held for six months, then extended three more on September 26.

On average, from January 2008—September 2010, Israel held over 300 Palestinian children captive, about 10% of them aged 12—15. Usually when complaints or requests for investigations into child arrests and mistreatment are submitted to the Judge Advocate General's Office (JAG), responses aren't forthcoming or issued raised are denied.

Shooting Children Collecting Building Gravel

Separately, DCI/Palestine reported on 12 incidents from May 22—October 14, 2010, involving children aged 13—17, collecting gravel near Gaza's border fence with Israel. Under siege, Israel banned construction materials, forcing hundreds of men and boys to scavenge for what they can find, collecting gravel, placing it in sacks, loading it on donkeys, then selling it to builders for concrete.

In border watch towers, Israeli soldiers at times shoot and kill donkeys. They also target workers, usually shooting at their legs. In recent DCI/Palestine-documented cases, children reported being shot while working from 50—800 meters from the border.

In addition, a UN January 2009—August 2010 study reported at least 22 Gazan civilians killed and 146 injured by live fire adjacent to Israel's border, including 27 children.

Of DCI's 12 documented cases, nine "were on, or outside the 300 metre exclusion zone unilaterally imposed by the Israeli army when they were shot." Under all circumstances with no exceptions, international law prohibits targeting noncombatant civilians. Israel, of course, flouts all international laws with impunity.

On November 10 and 11, DCI/Palestine in cooperation with DCI's International Executive Council and DCI International Secretariat, Geneva, will conduct an International Children's Conference titled, "Protective Environment—Active Participation," under the motto—"Together We Build and Change."

DCI explains that "Child participation is one of the four basic principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child." Under occupation, involving them is especially important to address their collective needs, interests, and concerns. The upcoming conference thus encourages children to participate and facilitates it "by finding the spaces for them to carry it out."

Some Final Comments

On October 19, palestinethinktank.com published a wide-ranging interview with Khaled Mesh'al, since 1996, Chairman of Hamas' Political Bureau. Exiled in Damascus, he became the movement's overall leader after Israel assassinated Abdul 'Aziz Rantisi in 2004. His comments below are based on a July published interview in Jordan's Arabic language Al-Sabeel newspaper.

(1) Negotiating with Israel

Calling it a thorny and sensitive issue, he stressed that it's "not absolutely prohibited....from a legal or political perspective," but must be subject to "equations, regulations, calculations, circumstances, contexts and proper management...." Otherwise, "it becomes a negative and destructive tool."

Currently, he calls it the wrong choice, given the imbalance of power favoring Israel, saying it "refuses to withdraw from the (seized) land, and does not recognise Palestinian rights." Negotiations under such conditions are fruitless. Israel demands but won't give. On equal fair terms, negotiations are very acceptable.

(2) Recognizing Israel

As things now stand, he believes recognition means legitimizing occupation, "aggression, settlement(s), Judaization, murders, arrests, and other crimes and atrocities against our people and our land." Recognition must be earned, not demanded or given, based on equity for both sides. Israel shows no sign of agreeing.

(3) Suggesting Israel and international insistence on recognition a sign of weakness, not stength

"Without a doubt, the enemy is concerned about (its) future....no matter" its regional strength. "The demand for recognition is certainly a sign of weakness, an expression of....inferiority, (and) a feeling that it is illegitimate and still rejected" by regional states "as alien" intruders.

However, superiority feelings also come into play, or in other words, the way "Western nations deal with third world countries," believing they alone dictate terms from a position of strength, including negotiating preconditions.

(4) Why Israel and the international community reject Hamas' proposed long-term truce

First, "the logic of power." Second, "they see Arab and Palestinian parties making (better) offers." Third, Israeli and Western experience suggests pressure works best, forcing adversaries or counterparties to succumb.

(5) Hamas' resistance model

It's "a natural and authentic part of the experience of the Palestinian struggle" for liberation and ending the occupation.

(6) Hamas and international relations

First, the "conviction that the Palestine battle (is for) humanity against Israeli injustice and oppression. Second, "the necessity of promoting (the) legitimate right to resist occupation and aggression." Third, the importance of using the world stage to address injustice. Fourth, concern for developing relations at all levels. Fifth, doing it begins in the region, "the plant (to) harvest (in) the West."

(7) Hamas and Jews

"We do not fight the Zionists because they are Jews; we fight them because they are occupiers," and commit crimes against the Palestinian people. The struggle isn't about religion.

(8) Hamas and women

"Women in the Islamic concept of thought, jurisprudence, mandate and role are— indeed—one half of society, and (have) been given (their) prestige and respect. However, there is a huge difference between respect and appreciation for women and (their) rightful role (on the one hand), and abusing (them) and presenting (them) as cheap commodit(ies) as is done in the Western civilization (on the other)." In Palestine's struggle for liberation, women play a distinctive role,"not only as mothers, wives and sisters," but as activists, teachers, fighters, and providers of logistical assistance.

(9) Zionism's future

It "has no future in the region." It's in decline, and except for attacking Beirut in 1982, Israel hasn't won a war since 1967. "This is an important indicator of the Zionist project's ability....In my estimation, the 'Greater Israel' project has come to an end, simply because the Zionist enemy is no longer able to accomplish it, and because Israel continues (self-destructively) on the same path as did apartheid South Africa."

(10) Israel's role as a regional strategic asset

It's no longer so, especially after the Goldstone Report and Gaza Flotilla massacre. As a result, "Israel is falling morally, and its true ugly face is being exposed. This is a very important development." It signifies "premature aging of this enterprise....In short, the Zionist project, like all other" forms of occupation, colonizations, and aggression, "has no legitimacy because it is alien to our region and lacks the elements of survival." It will end like all the others.

(11) The region's future

It's very much in flux with years before better resolution. However, we're "confiden(t) and hop(eful) that the future will be to the benefit of the nation and the Palestinian resistance and cause....Our reading is not fanciful, and is certainly not defeatist." It's realistic and achievable.

"We are a great nation, proud of ourselves, our religion, our land, our history, our culture and identity." Palestine and Jerusalem as one is "our beating heart and an indicator of our life and survival."

Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can be reached at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net. Also visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com and listen to cutting-edge discussions with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network Thursdays at 10AM US Central time and Saturdays and Sundays at noon.

Report puts Israel in dock over child 'torture' terror
by Terri Judd in Tel Aviv
Wednesday June 27 2012

A major diplomatic row has broken out over a challenge to Israelis over their treatment of Palestinian children after a report by lawyers revealed unconscionable practices, such as hooding and the use of leg irons.

In the first investigation of its kind, a team of nine senior legal figures examined how Palestinians as young as 12 were treated when arrested. Their shocking report, 'Children in Military Custody', details claims that youngsters are dragged from their beds in the middle of the night, have their wrists bound behind their backs, and are blindfolded and made to kneel or lie face down in military vehicles.

The Foreign Office in Britain last night said they would be raising the matter with Israel.

Children from the West Bank are held in conditions that could amount to torture, such as solitary confinement, and with little or no access to their parents. They can be forced to stay awake before being verbally as well as physically abused, and coerced into signing confessions they cannot read.

The team — led by Sir Stephen Sedley, a former Court of Appeal judge — heard that "every Palestinian child is treated like a potential terrorist". In a damning conclusion, the report points out repeated breaches of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which prohibits cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.

"We were sitting in court and saw a section of a preliminary hearing, when a very young looking child, a boy, was brought in wearing a brown uniform with leg irons on. We were shocked by that. This was a situation where we had been invited into the military courts for briefings from senior judges," explained one of the report's authors, human rights barrister Greg Davies.

"To hold children routinely and for substantial periods in solitary confinement would, if it occurred, be capable of amounting to torture," the report said.
Last night the Foreign Office, which backed the report, said it would be taking up the claims with the Israeli authorities.

"The UK government has had long-standing concerns about the treatment of Palestinian children in Israeli detention, and, as a result, decided to fund this independent report. While recognising that some positive recent steps have been made by the Israeli authorities, we share many of the report's concerns, and will continue to lobby for further improvements."

Last night, Israeli Embassy spokesman Amir Ofek said the country appreciated the delegation's efforts, but blamed Palestinians who "glorify terrorism". (© Independent News Service)

—Terri Judd in Tel Aviv
Irish Independent

UN group joins in condemning Israel for abuse of Palestinian child detainees
ISRAEL TORTURE OF CHILD DETAINEES
JULY 20, 2012
BY: RHONDA PARKER

A 15-year-old Palestinian boy's experience after being arrested at 2AM at his home (documented by Defense of Children International):

"While sitting on the ground near the truck, a person speaking Arabic approached me and grabbed my hands and ordered me to stand up and accompany him. He grabbed me so violently and pulled me. He forced me to walk with him for about 20 meters, and I could see from under the blindfold that we stopped behind a military jeep. He slapped me hard twice and grabbed my testicles so hard and started pressing them. Then, he asked me whether I threw stones and Molotov cocktails and I said I did not."

"He started shouting and saying 'liar,' your mother's c..t.' He started beating me all over my body and once again grabbed my testicles and started pressing hard. 'I won't let go of your testicles unless you confess,' he said to me. I felt so much pain and kept shouting. I had no other choice but to confess" to stop the pain.

There’s more international outcry this week against Israeli treatment of children with allegations of abuse of Palestinian child detainees, with more evidence being presented of interrogations involving the use of electrical shock, beatings, sexual violence and solitary confinement.

In statements released today, members the United Nations Special Committee on Israeli practices in the Occupied Territories, which met in Cairo after the end of their fact-finding mission to Jordan, Egypt and the Gaza Strip this week, strongly condemned the "harsh mistreatment" of children by Israeli forces and police.

Members of the committee also condemned Israel’s detention and use of solitary confinement against Palestinian children, and urged the Israeli Government to "treat such detainees in accordance with international human rights laws."

Said Ambassador Palitha T.B. Kohona of Sri Lanka—the Special Committee’s Chairperson, "Israel uses solitary confinement against 12 percent of Palestinian child detainees. This is especially troubling when one considers that Israel arrests about 500 to 700 Palestinian children every year."

The Special Committee also warned that a pattern of detaining and mistreating children "links to broader, longstanding concerns regarding Israel detention of Palestinians generally."

"Mistreatment of Palestinian children starts from the moment of detention," Kohona said. "Large numbers are routinely detained. Children’s homes are surrounded by Israeli soldiers late at night, sound grenades are fired into the houses, doors are broken down, live shots are often fired; no warrant is presented. Children are tightly bound, blindfolded and forced into the backs of military vehicles."

The Special Committee head said that parents are not allowed to accompany the detainees, and that family members are insulted, intimidated and at times physically assaulted. According to witnesses, the detention and transfer of children can last for hours, and can often include stops in Israeli settlements, Israeli checkpoints and police or military bases.

According to the committee, witnesses said the detention and transfer of children can last for hours, while they are denied any legal representation.

Palestinian children are regularly told by Israeli authorities that, if they confess to their "crimes," they will be taken home; otherwise, they are threatened with torture. In some cases, Israeli soldiers resorted to burning children with hot irons, the committee reported.

Detained Palestinian children are forced to sign "confessions" in Hebrew, the committee found, a language many of them don’t understand. In 63 percent of the cases involving detained Palestinian children, according to testimony heard by the committee, Israeli interrogators try to pressure them into becoming informants and spying on their own communities.

Committee members also said they had met with Mahmoud Sarsak, a member of the Palestinian national football team who was recently the subject of a successful international campaign for his release after staging a 3-month hunger strike. He was released by Israeli authorities on July 10, and discussed with the committee the practice of "administrative detention."

Sarsak, of Gaza, had been arrested in 2009 at a checkpoint on his way to a soccer practice in the West Bank and never had formal charges filed against him. Sarsak says he was interrogated for 30 days while being tied in a "stress position" in a chair with his hands tied behind him to a pole. He was unable to see his aged parents or other family members throughout his almost 3 year imprisonment.

"Mahmoud's case illustrates the experience suffered by thousands of detained Palestinians," Kohana said.

This would also include Palestinian child detainees as young as 13, who have described to DCI attorneys a position known as "shabeh."

"It involves binding their hands and feet to a small chair, at times from behind to a pipe affixed to the wall, painfully slanted forward, hooded with a filthy sack, and played loud music nonstop through loudspeakers," a DCI statement said.

Also causing an outcry from child rights advocates is a video released earlier this month from the Israeli human rights group, B'Tselem shows a nine year-old being held on the ground by an Israeli border policeman while another kicks him.

Border Police commander Yoram Halevi said he has ordered the formation of a team to investigate the incident and report in the coming days.

The cameraman, Raed Abu Rimle, told the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth: "I heard yelling and I saw a soldier kick a boy in the stomach. After the policemen left him, I approached the kid. He was so scared that he'd pissed his pants."

The child, third grader Abd a-Rahman of Hebron, also stated, "I was afraid of the police officer and tried to run away, but he chased after me and was faster than I am. He caught me within a few meters and grabbed my shirt collar. He threw me to the ground and stepped on my left hand. A few pebbles got stuck in my hand and it hurt. I started to scream. I saw that my hand was bleeding. I think the police officer also noticed I was bleeding. He kicked me on my left hip and told me to go away."

‘Abd a-Rahman’s neighbor, Yazan Gheith, age 10, saw what happened and went to help his friend. In his testimony, he said: "I ran to Abd a-Rahman’s house to tell his mom what had happened. I told her that the Border Police officer broke ‘Abd a-Rahman’s fingers and he was bleeding. ‘Abd a-Rahman’s mom got angry and came running out of the house."

Writing in the Israeli newpaper Maariv, assistant editor Shai Golden quoted some of the many reactions to the video on the Facebook page of Israel’s Channel 2 News (the post and comments, which all included names, have since been removed). The sample reads:

"Only kicked him? That’s a shame."

"Right on! Border Police all the way."

"Too bad he didn’t kill him."

A string of filthy curses followed by, "I’d have murdered him."

"That’s what needs to be done to all the kids there."

"What a retarded soldier. Kill him, what are you waiting for?"

"Truth—I’d have fired like five bullets into his head."

Back in August of 2011, the DCI—Defense of Children International (DCI) Palestine Section ; and PACTI—Public Committee Against Torture in Israel , demanded that Israel investigate reports that a Gush Etzion settlement interrogator "attached car battery jump leads to the genitals of a 14-year old boy in order to obtain a confession to stone throwing."

The August 5 incident involved four boys walking near a road used by settlers when an Israeli jeep approached. "Just for fun," one boy said he waved. The jeep turned, was joined by others, and chased the boys. They were seized, blindfolded, painfully shackled, detained, and taken to the Zufin settlement, then to the Ari'el settlement where one boy, Raed, was interrogated.

The boy said, "Threat of electrocution" made him confess to stone throwing, after which his head was slammed against a cupboard. He was also punched in the stomach, and a second interrogator shocked him with a handheld device, making him "dizzy and shiver." He then signed a confession in Hebrew he couldn't understand, and was transferred to Salem Interrogation and Detention Center, after which he was taken to Megiddo Prison, in violation of Fourth Geneva's Article 76, pertaining to the rights assured protected persons detained under occupation.

Meanwhile, the DCI has also issued an urgent appeal again this month concerning Israel’s practice of transferring Palestinian child detainees to prisons inside Israel, noting in June that 57 percent of Palestinian child detainees were being transferred, which is in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention and International Law.

Gerard Horton an Australian lawyer, who, after a trip to the West Bank in 2006, elected to stay and work with the DCI, says the office has increased its evidence-gathering capacity and will only pursue credible allegations based on sworn affidavits. He told freelance journalist John Lyons , "Once bound and blindfolded, the child will be led to a waiting military vehicle and in about one-third of cases will be thrown on the metal floor for transfer to an interrogation center.

"Sometimes the children are kept on the floor face down with the soldiers putting their boots on the back of their necks, and the children are handcuffed, sometimes with plastic handcuffs which cut into their wrists. Many children arrive at the interrogation centers bruised and battered, sleep-deprived and scared."
The whole idea, he said, is to "get a confession as quickly as possible."

Also this past month, a group of senior British lawyers has accused the Israeli military authorities of regularly breaching the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and the 4th Geneva Convention when detaining Palestinian children in the West Bank.

A report released last week by a delegation of British lawyers and MPs who visited Israel and Occupied Palestine in 2011 concluded that Israel violates six articles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The report was funded by the British government.

In a 36 page report titled "Children in Military Custody," the delegation stated that Israel was breaking articles of the U.N., including its use of shackles on children and non-separation from adult prisoners.

It was further noted in the report, "It may be that much of the reluctance to treat Palestinian children in conformity with international standards stems from a belief, which was advanced to us by a military prosecutor, that ‘every Palestinian child is a potential terrorist’. Such a stance seems to us to be the starting point of a spiral of injustice and one which only Israel, as the Occupying Power in the West Bank, can reverse."

The delegation was headed by Right Hon. Sir Stephen Sedley and lists the names of representatives of both the Palestinian and the Israeli occupying forces.
According to the report, of the two Israelis spoken to by the delegation—Lt. Col. Robert Newfeld, chief military prosecutor, and his deputy, Maj. Ronen Shor —one denounced ‘every Palestinian child as a future terrorist,’ and this also made international headlines, although a spokeman for the group said it was "unclear which" made the statement to the delegation.

"But the fact that one of them did, is a worrying indicator and one that may only reinforce the international community's perception of how Israel views Palestinians living in the occupied territories. It is perhaps more worrying that such a prominent Israeli official was willing to openly admit these sentiments to a high-level foreign delegation."

As far back as 2010, a CNN report featured an unidentified Palestinian boy claiming that IDF forces had attempted to insert an object into his rectum, and that dozens of officers present stood around laughing while it happened. [watch report here ]

DCI asked the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture to investigate 14 cases of sexual assault or threatened assault it uncovered—committed by Israeli soldiers, interrogators, and police from January 2009—April 2010. The abused children were from 13—16 years old, detained for offenses like stone-throwing.

DCI expressed alarm about sworn affidavits children provided, explaining instances of sexual assault or threatened assault to obtain confessions. In 2009 alone, DCI reviewed 100 sworn affidavits attesting to the following:

97% of children said their hands were tied during interrogations;
92% said they were blindfolded or hooded;
81% said forced confessions were made;
69% said they were beaten or kicked;
65% said they were arrested from midnight to 4AM;
50% said they were verbally abused;
49% cited threats or inducements;
32% were forced to sign confessions in Hebrew they didn't understand;
26% cited painful position abuse;
14% were in solitary confinement;
12% were threatened with sexual assault; and
4%, in fact, were sexually assaulted.

It included grabbing boys by the testicles until they confessed, and threatening others as young as 13 with rape unless they admitted to "throwing stones at Israeli settler vehicles in the occupied West Bank."

A DCI spokesperson told press the group "suspects these figures may understate the extent of the problem," a conclusion also alluded to in an earlier blog post titled "Palestinian Children Under Occupation ."

On Wednesday, the UN Committee Against Torture (CAT) again posed 59 questions to Israel regarding its compliance with the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which Israel supposedly ratified the convention in 1991.

Adalah, Al Mezan, Physicians for Human Rights—Israel , and the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel submitted a joint report to CAT on Israel’s non-compliance with the convention in order to call the expert members of the Committee attention to Israel's use of torture. Issues raised in the joint report, include the failure to make torture a crime as defined in the Convention, detention without trial including administrative detention and those classified as "Unlawful Combatants," harsh detention conditions such as solitary confinement, mistreatment of asylum seekers, insufficient investigation into torture complaints, exceptions to excluding unlawfully obtained evidence in prosecution, severe restrictions on movement preventing access to healthcare and family life for Palestinians in Gaza, lack of adequate investigation into violations during Operation Cast Lead, and punitive home demolitions.

In today’s statement. the UN committee’s Special Rapporteur Falk reiterated, "This pattern of abuse by Israel is grave. It is inhumane, cruel, degrading, and unlawful, and, most worryingly, it is likely to adversely affect the mental and physical health of underage detainees."

The Special Committee drew attention to two further areas of its immediate concern in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem—and especially the Israeli practice of demolishing Palestinian homes , along with violence by Israeli settlers against Palestinians .

It also assessed the economic impact of the Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip .

"These Israeli practices lead the Special Committee to one over-arching and deeply troubling conclusion," Kohona said. "The mass imprisonment of Palestinians; the routine demolition of homes and the displacement of Palestinians; the widespread violence by Israeli settlers against Palestinians; and the blockade and resultant reliance on illegal smuggling to survive; these practices amount to a strategy to either force the Palestinian people off their land or so severely marginalize them as to establish and maintain a system of permanent oppression."

The Special Committee will present a mission report to the UN General Assembly in November, with its observations and recommendations to improve the human rights situation.

Independent experts, or special rapporteurs, are appointed by the Geneva-based Council to examine and report back on a country situation or a specific human rights theme. The positions are honorary and the experts are not United Nations staff, nor are they paid for their work.

UNICEF's Special Representative in the Occupied Palestinian territories, Jean Gough, called on the Israeli government to release all Palestinian child detainees and to abide by the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

A study by Save the Children estimated that the average length of child detention is 147 days.

More documentation by DCI and International rights groups of incidents against child detainees by Israel:

Ahmad F, 15, was arrested on 6 July 2011 in the Buring village, West Bank. He was accused of stone throwing and arrested at 2.00 am when Israeli soldiers stormed his family home. Ahmad was bound and blindfolded in transit. He was exposed to extreme cold, denied food for over 8 hours and was strip-searched at the prison.

Mounir Khalifa, 17, was arrested on 12 August 2009 in a refugee camp in Nablus. He was arrested at 2.00 am by soldiers at his home. He was blindfolded and handcuffed and then beaten in the face and stomach in transit. He was transferred to the illegal Israeli settlement of Ariel and was not allowed to use the toilet.

Amr Imran Hussain, 16, was arrested on 29 March 2011 by 10 soldiers at his home in Qalqilya in the West Bank. During his arrest he was beaten on the head and lost consciousness; he regained consciousness at a medical centre in Ariel.

Mohammed Jamal Khalil Abu Marya was arrested on 21 February 2011 at 3.00 am by Israeli soldiers at his home in Beit Omar, Hebron. He was transferred to a settlement and was beaten during the journey. He was left to face the cold and rain for several hours prior to being moved to Etzion Prison.

Ayed Khalil Abu Rahma, 15, was arrested on 26 January 2011 in the village of Bil'in in the West Bank. Four soldiers beat him before and during his transfer to an illegal settlement in the West Bank.

Zaqiq Jamil Ahmed Hamed was arrested at 3.00 am on 28 March 2011 in the village of Beit Omar near Hebron. He was initially transferred to a settlement and claims that he was beaten and was then transferred to Etzion Prison and threatened by his interrogators.

Amjad Majdi Haddad, 17, was arrested 15 May 2011 from his home in Hebron. He was beaten by soldiers causing a wound to his head and transferred to an illegal settlement but did not receive any medical attention. He was then moved to Etzion Prison.

Rhonda Parker is an award-winning freelance journalist, writer and editor who recently relocated to St. Augustine, Florida after serving as Sawt Beirut International Radio’s Syria and Iran correspondent and English editor for the Arab Spring Movements in the Middle East. She is a veteran Middle...

Children not exempt from widespread torture in Israeli detention
The Electronic Intifada
6 July 2011

Omar Alaaeddin, 25, a Palestinian from the village of al-Maasara, a day after his release by Israeli forces on 23 March 2010. He has been arrested and beaten for several hours.

Sleep-deprived and suffering from a broken leg, 16-year-old Muhammad Halabiyeh endured days of torture at the hands of Israeli soldiers and police officers, who punched him repeatedly in the face and abdomen, shoved needles into his hand and leg and threatened the Palestinian teenager with sexual abuse.

Arrested near his home in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Abu Dis in February 2010, Halabiyeh confessed after days of abuse and torture to the charge that he threw a Molotov cocktail at an Israeli army base. More than one year after his arrest, which was spent in Israeli custody, Halabiyeh was found guilty in an Israeli military court.

His conviction came despite the fact that the Israeli military judge in his case stated that she believed the teenager was tortured. However, the judge argued that there was no evidence that his confession was the direct result of the torture he endured. Halabiyeh’s sentencing hearing has now been postponed until 19 July.

"[The judge] said there’s no direct connection that he confessed later on in the police station because of this torture," Sahar Francis, the director of Addameer, the Prisoners’ Support and Human Rights Association, told The Electronic Intifada. Addameer represented Halabiyeh in his trial at the Ofer military court.

"She didn’t believe that he was threatened the whole way [to the police station]. He said in the court that he was [afraid of more torture], but she decided not to give much weight [to this]," Francis added.

Since Israel began occupying the Gaza Strip and the West Bank including East Jerusalem in 1967, it is estimated that approximately 700,000 Palestinians have been detained by Israel. This amounts to approximately 20 percent of the total Palestinian population, and 40 percent of the male Palestinian population, in the occupied
Palestinian territories, according to Addameer.

Today, more than 5,600 Palestinian prisoners remain in Israeli jails, and more than 1,500 Israeli military orders continue to govern all aspects of life in the West Bank. In fact, the Israeli military courts system controls the trial, sentencing and imprisonment of Palestinian detainees. Notably, the principal court officials including the prosecutor and the judge are Israeli army officers — which means that the Israeli occupation army is both accuser and judge of Palestinians living under its control. Moreover, this system is reserved only for Palestinians; Israeli settlers living in the West Bank are subject to Israeli civil law and civil courts.

According to a 2007 report issued by Israeli human rights group Yesh Din, "of 9,123 cases concluded in the [Israeli] military courts in the year 2006, only in 23 cases—which constitute 0.29 percent of the rulings—was the defendant found to be entirely not guilty."

While no specific figures are available, Francis explained that the use of torture against Palestinian detainees and prisoners is widespread and that often, Israeli soldiers use torture during an arrest—before the detainees are brought into the interrogation center—as a way to intimidate the detainees and coerce confessions from them later on.
"Especially in the case of juveniles, it’s threatening them before even coming to the interrogation so it will make it easier to collect their confessions. They will be really terrified. They humiliate them. They start to beat them and kick them and abuse them all the way to the detention center. It affects [the detainees’] confidence and the way they will treat the whole process of the interrogation later on," Francis said.

Sleep deprivation, threats of sexual abuse and physical violence, prolonged periods spent in complete isolation, and the arrests of family members are some of the methods used to coerce confessions from Palestinian detainees, Francis explained. While most of the torture the Israeli authorities use is psychological in nature, she added that physical torture does take place as well.

"In some cases, they use electric shock. In some other cases, they close [their] eyes and tie [them] to the chair. They push back [their] head and then they bring a cup of water and they start to drop water on [their] face, giving a feeling like [they] can’t breathe," she said. "[Torture is] very common. It’s very common."

Israel’s "ticking time bomb" loophole

The UN Convention Against Torture defines torture as "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person" for purposes that include obtaining information or a confession, punishing the detainee or a third person for something, and for the purpose of intimidation or coercion, among others.

Article 2 of the Convention states that a state must take the necessary measures to ensure that torture does not occur in any territory under its controls, and that the use of torture may not be justified under any circumstances, "whether a state of war or a threat or war, internal political instability or any other public emergency."
Further, Article 12 states that, "each State Party shall ensure that its competent authorities proceed to a prompt and impartial investigation, wherever there is reasonable ground to believe that an act of torture has been committed in any territory under its jurisdiction."

According to the Israeli human rights group B’Tselem, while more than seven hundred complaints alleging abuse of detainees by Israeli General Security Services (GSS) agents have been reported from 2001 to 2009, "the State Attorney’s Office did not order a criminal investigation into any of the complaints" ("Failure to investigate alleged cases of ill-treatment and torture ").

The GSS, also known as the Shin Bet or Shabak, according to its Hebrew acronym, conducts interrogations of Palestinian detainees. In 1987, the Landau Commission — an Israeli governmental commission charged with examining the interrogation methods used by the GSS — found that the continued use of "physical force" in interrogations was acceptable.

Twelve years later, in 1999, the Israeli high court finally prohibited torture of any kind in Israel, and outlawed certain interrogation techniques. In "ticking time bomb" situations, however, the court found that the use of physical force could be justified.
This caveat, otherwise known as "the necessity defense," has been used to justify the use of physical force and torture by Israeli interrogators since the high court’s ruling. The GSS argues that its agents should be exempt from criminal prosecution during these types of situations due to Article 34K of Israel’s Penal Code, which states that "no person shall bear criminal responsibility for an act that was immediately necessary in order to save his own or another person’s life, freedom, bodily welfare or property from a real danger of severe injury, due to the conditions prevalent when the act was committed, there being no alternative but to commit the act."
Still, while it should only be employed in extreme cases, human rights groups have criticized the "ticking time bomb" defense for its widespread and inappropriate use.
"In the few cases in which the Complaints Inspector found that [GSS] agents abused an interrogee, the State Attorney’s Office decided to close the file without ordering a criminal investigation, this on the tendentious grounds that the high court established, whereby in ‘ticking bomb’ cases the [GSS] interrogator may escape criminal responsibility under the ‘necessity defense,’" the B’Tselem report found.

According to a 2009 report released by the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI) titled "Accountability Denied: The Absence of Investigation and Punishment of Torture in Israel," the State of Israel is not meeting its responsibilities under international law since it fails to hold accountable those responsible for torture or abuse.

"The mechanism for examining complaints does not exist in a vacuum. It is maintained alongside the systemic torture and abuse of Palestinian detainees, and alongside the silence, if not the actual support, of the legal system," the report states.

"We believe that the State of Israel must meet standards of human dignity, justice, and equality of law and must respect its obligations under international law. A criminal investigation, with the attendant criminal and public ramifications, conveys a strong and clear message that all forms of torture and abuse are absolutely prohibited since they fatally injure human dignity and the human person. This is a message that must not be ambiguous," the report adds.

Ending Israeli impunity

According to Addameer’s Sahar Francis, Palestinian detainees are hesitant to report instances of torture due to the fact that these claims are rarely investigated and virtually never result in criminal convictions or justice, and because they will be held in Israeli military detention while their claim is investigated.

"It’s very hard to say that you can reach justice in this [Israeli military court] system. And the case of Muhammad Halabiyeh is a very good example to see how the court always believes the soldiers and the police officers who collect the confessions and don’t trust what the detainees have to say," Francis told The Electronic Intifada.

"Most of the cases, even if you exhaust the whole procedures, wouldn’t end up in favor of the detainees," she added. "We can say that there’s more than 95 percent of conviction at the end, whether it’s through plea bargains or exhausting the system. Most of the prisoners prefer plea bargains because they don’t trust the system. Why waste the time and put all these efforts?"

Francis said that the issue of torture of Palestinians convicted in Israeli military courts is closely connected to the Israeli occupation, and can therefore only be solved by ending the Israeli occupation altogether.

"The solution for this is ending the occupation, putting an end to the occupation, which means Israel is not allowed to arrest Palestinians and prosecute them in their military courts. And they are then supposed to release all the Palestinian political prisoners from the Israeli prisons, where they are held illegally," she said.

"What’s very important is to put an end to this impunity when it comes to torture of Palestinian political prisoners. This is a big demand of the Palestinian human rights NGOs [nongovernmental organizations], [and] the international community should find a way to put an end to the Israeli immunity in torture and not just in torture but all of the other violations of international law."

Tony Greenstein's Blog
Socialist, anti-Zionist, anti-racist
FRIDAY, 16 DECEMBER 2011

Israel’s Torture of Children—A Light Unto the Nations (Isaiah 42:6)

Solitary Confinement, Electric Shocks, Shackles and Handcuffs—How Israel Treats the Children of its Untermenschen

There was a time when Israel’s founders spoke of Israel as a ‘Light Unto the Nations’ a phrase that occurs more than once in the Book of Isaiah. Israel was held up as a moral example to the world.

What, one wonders, of the light that is currently being shone on Israel’s treatment of (Palestinian) Child Prisoners? The picture it reveals is not pretty. The brackets around ‘Palestinian’ signify that in the Occupied Territories, the treatment meted out to Palestinian children is entirely different to that of the children of Israeli settlers. But then who can seriously disagree with the fact that Apartheid is official policy on the West Bank? Whereas it is more hidden and concealed in pre-1967 Israel, on the West Bank the full level of repression is unleashed.

But today in Israel there is no talk of anything other than a satanic light. It is the light that Israeli soldiers shone in 1982 in order to enable the fascist squads of the Lebanese Phalange to seek out their Palestinian victims in the Sabra & Chatilla refugee camps.

But whereas the ‘leftist’ Zionists liked to ‘shoot and cry’ (they still killed Arabs, but at least they did it with tears in their eyes) the right-wing and religious Zionists are more honest. Arabs will only grow up to hate us, therefore it is permissible to kill them when they are young. Such is the Nazi logic that they imbibed with their mother’s milk.

Prime among these Judeo-Nazis is one Rabbi Yitzhak Shapira, who explained that:

"There is justification for killing babies if it is clear that they will grow up to harm us, and in such a situation they may be harmed deliberately, and not only during combat with adults."

See AlterNet / Max Blumenthal, ‘How to Kill Goyim and Influence People: Israeli Rabbis Defend Book's Shocking Religious Defense of Killing Non-Jews (with Video)

The following articles demonstrate the depths to which the Israeli state has sunk, the moral abyss of a state whose lineage was European fascism rather than a mythical Kingdom of David. The verse ‘Suffer ye little children come to me, and do not ye forbid them to come to me’ from St. Matthew takes on a wholly different meaning for the prison guards and military of the West Bank.

Children in plastic handcuffs that bite into the skin, irons and shackles. The use of electric shocks against children and dogs eating their food from a child’s head, coupled with threats of rape. It is difficult to believe that the Israeli state could sink any lower.

The debate on this issue, following a visit of 4 MPs to the West Bank is printed below and with it the wholly vacuous response of Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt. Did he issue a strong condemnation? Threaten sanctions? Instead this gutless example of the Tory’s moral fibre bleated on about how ‘We are not all motivated against Israel and we are making remarks that are in Israel's best interests."

Who cares what the best interests of the torturers are? It is besides the point. The only interests that count are the children who go through what is laughingly described as Israel’s legal system. And it is because child torture is now an approved practice (hence the opposition to video-taping interview) that many of are indeed ‘motivated against Israel’.

Stone Cold Justice by John Lyons
The Australian 26 November 2011

Editor’s Note: This is a story that is not new to advocates and activists for Palestine, but despite all the efforts by Australian lawyer Gerard Horton during his five years at Defence for Children, International, to bring the shocking details of violations against children in Israeli prisons out into the open, the mainstream media has kept a stony silence. That is, until Saturday when senior journalist John Lyons from The Australian—not known for its sympathy to the varied and sustained human rights abuses endured by Palestinians—wrote a piece exposing the truth on Palestinian children in Israeli prisons.

It is always difficult to read about how any criminal justice system treats prisoners, especially these days of punitive excesses, but Israel’s contempt for the rights of child prisoners particularly, leaves one despairing of humanity and the law. John Lyons has certainly taken the first step into making this awful reality public and we hope to see much more of such honest reporting. The next step requires us all to act. Write to our Foreign Minister, the Hon Kevin Rudd, MP Kevin.Rudd.MP@aph.gov.au and write to Australia’s ambassador to Israel, Andrea Faulkner telaviv.embassy@dfat.gov.au (or to your own country’s representative) and insist that they speak out against these abuses and the use of military courts to prosecute and sentence Palestinian children.

Bear in mind that Jewish settler children throw stones, rubbish and excrement at Palestinians and often inflict injury, but the same law doesn’t apply. If settler children are ever charged with throwing stones at all, they would not be brought before a military court, but a civil one where they would receive full representation. They are also not considered adults until they are 18 unlike Palestinian children who are deemed "adults" at 16, although child prisoners can be as young as 13. Such is the clearly racist system that Israel operates.

Also, please write to the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict HE Radhika Coomaraswamy, One UN Plaza DC1—627 F New York, NY 10017, USA (Tel: +1 212-963-3178 Fax: +1 212-963-0807) and HE Ron Prosor, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations, Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations, 800 Second Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA.

Sonja Karkar,
Editor http://australiansforpalestine.com

A Guantanamo Bay for kids

You hear them before you see them. The first clue that a new group of children is approaching is a shuffle of shoes and a clinking of handcuffs and shackles. The door to the courtroom bursts open—four boys, all shackled, stare into the room. Four boys looking bewildered. They wear brown prison overalls and they trail into the room where their fate is to be decided by a female Israeli army officer/judge, who is sitting at the bench, waiting. The look on the face of one of the boys changes to elation when he sees his mother at the back of the court. He blows her a kiss. But his mother begins crying and this upsets the boy. He begins crying too.

We're sitting in an Israeli military court which is attached to the Ofer prison in the West Bank, 25 minutes from Jerusalem. Mondays and Tuesdays are "children's days". Hundreds of Palestinian children from the age of 12 are brought here each year to be tried under Israeli military law for a range of offences. The majority are accused of throwing stones and, as the court has close to a 100 per cent conviction rate, almost all will be imprisoned for anything from two weeks to 10 months. Some will end up in adult jails.

Today, groups of children in threes and fours shuffle in; some cases last only 60 seconds, just long enough for the child to plead guilty and hear their sentence. Sitting in a room 50m away, more children wait. Despite their confessions, many insist that they did not throw stones or molotov cocktails, and the human rights group Defence for Children International estimates that about a third who pass through the system have either been shown or signed documentation in Hebrew—a language they cannot understand.

Inside the courtroom, the army's public relations unit wants the IDF guide to sit next to me to explain each case. I'm told I can quote him as "my guide" but not name him and we are allowed to photograph some of the older children but not the younger ones.
Nor will they allow us to photograph children handcuffed and shackled trying to walk… It's not surprising that Israel doesn't want this image out there—it would look uncomfortably like a Guantanamo Bay for kids.
Nor will they allow us to photograph children handcuffed and shackled trying to walk—"absolutely not," my guide says. The army obviously realises that such a photo would be enormously damaging. After September 11 I'd seen images of alleged terrorists walking like this but I'd never seen children treated this way. It's not surprising that Israel doesn't want this image out there—it would look uncomfortably like a Guantanamo Bay for kids.

Several countries, led by Britain, are turning up the heat on Israel over the treatment of Palestinian children—not only the manner of their arrest and interrogation but also the conditions in which they're kept in custody. Sandra Osborne MP , part of a British delegation that recently visited the military court, said of the visit: "For the children we saw that morning, the only thing that mattered was to see their families, perhaps for the first time in months ... A whole generation is criminalised through this process."

Into this world has walked Gerard Horton an Australian lawyer. Horton was a Sydney barrister for about eight years and his practice included contract disputes, building insurance cases and employment matters. In 2006, while studying for a masters in international law, he volunteered for three months for an organisation that represented Palestinian prisoners in the West Bank. He has worked there ever since.

"Sometimes the children are kept on the floor face down with the soldiers putting their boots on the back of their necks, and the children are handcuffed, sometimes with plastic handcuffs which cut into their wrists. Many children arrive at the interrogation centres bruised and battered, sleep-deprived and scared." The whole idea, he says, is to get a confession as quickly as possible.

During his five years at Defence for Children International Horton says the office has increased its evidence-gathering capacity and will only pursue credible allegations based on sworn affidavits. He takes me through the arrest process: 'Once bound and blindfolded, the child will be led to a waiting military vehicle and in about one-third of cases will be thrown on the metal floor for transfer to an interrogation centre.'

DCI has documented three cases where children were given electric shocks by a hand-held device and Horton claims there is one interrogator working in the settlement Gush Etzion "who specialises in threatening children with rape".

DCI has documented three cases where children were given electric shocks by a hand-held device and Horton claims there is one interrogator working in the settlement Gush Etzion "who specialises in threatening children with rape". Some cases contain horrifying allegations, such as this one from Ahmad, 15, documented by DCI, who was taken from his home at 2am, blindfolded and accused of throwing stones. "I managed to see the dog from under my blindfold," he says.

"They brought the dog's food and put it on my head. I think it was a piece of bread, and the dog had to eat it off my head. His saliva started drooling all over my head and that freaked me out. I was so scared my body started shaking ... they saw me shaking and started laughing ... Then they put another piece of bread on my trousers near my genitals, so I tried to move away but he started barking. I was terrified."

They brought the dog's food and put it on my head. I think it was a piece of bread, and the dog had to eat it off my head. His saliva started drooling all over my head and that freaked me out. I was so scared my body started shaking ... they saw me shaking and started laughing ... Then they put another piece of bread on my trousers near my genitals, so I tried to move away but he started barking. I was terrified."

Israel is under pressure to at least allow filming of interrogations. "We want interrogations of children audiovisually recorded," says Horton. "This would not only provide some protection to the children but would also protect Israeli interrogators from any false allegations of wrongdoing."

Australian diplomats have shown no obvious interest in the military courts despite our Ambassador to Israel, Andrea Faulkner, being told about the treatment of children a year ago. She refused to comment on the situation for this story. Says Horton: "It is disappointing that of all the diplomatic missions in the region, Australia has been conspicuously silent on the issue of the military courts."

Horton says the military courts function as a system of control: "The army has to ensure that the 500,000 Jewish settlers who live in occupied territory go about their daily business without interruption from 2.5 million Palestinians... it is no coincidence that most children who are arrested live close to a settlement or a road used by settlers or the army."

He says it's an effective system; quite often the children emerge scared and broken. But there is little recourse. "Sometimes if there is a group of children who throw stones and the settlers or soldiers are not clear exactly who has thrown them, the army can go into a village at two or three in the morning and five or 10 kids get roughed up and it scares the hell out of the whole village," says Horton. He adds that when the army arrests children they usually don't say why or where they are taking them.
From 2001 to 2010, 645 complaints were made against Israeli interrogators; not one resulted in a criminal investigation.

Former Israeli soldiers have formed Breaking the Silence , a group that has gathered more than 700 testimonies about abuses they committed or witnessed. Former Israeli army commander Yehuda Shaul says the army sets out "to make Palestinians have a feeling of being chased". "The Palestinian guy is arrested and released," Shaul says. "He has no idea why he was arrested and why he was released so quickly. The rest of the village wonders whether he was released because he is a collaborator."

Fadia Saleh, who runs 11 rehabilitation centres in the West Bank dealing with the effects of detention, says: "Usually the children isolate themselves, they become very angry for the simplest reasons, they have nightmares. They have lost trust in others. They don't have friends any more because they think their friends will betray them. There is also a stigma about them—other children and parents say, 'Be careful being seen with him, or the Israeli soldiers will target you too.'

Dear All,

On 28 November 2011, the issue of Palestinian children prosecuted in Israeli military courts was raised in debate in the UK parliament. http://www.dci-palestine.org/documents/situation-palestinian-child-prisoners— debated-uk-parliament Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions.

Best regards

Gerard Horton
International Advocacy Officer—Lawyer Defence for Children International—Palestine Section
Tel: +972 2 242 75 30 ext. 103 Fax: +972 2 242 70 18 Mobile: + 972 0599 087 290 Email: gerard@dci-pal.org

Richard Burden: [...] My final point is about child prisoners. We have already mentioned the prisoner swap that rightly led to the release of Gilad Shalit and of some 500 Palestinian prisoners. The second phase of that prisoner swap will take place over the coming weeks. But there are 150 Palestinian children in Israeli military detention. So far, none of those is scheduled to be part of that prisoner swap.

Several recent delegations to the West Bank and Israel—organised by the Britain-Palestine all-party group, which I chair, and other organisations—have been to the Israeli military courts where those children are tried. Like other hon. Members, I had already read the testimonies about how the laws applying to Palestinian children are different from those applying to Israeli children; about how Palestinian children are tried in military courts, but Israeli children, even in the occupied territories, are tried in civilian courts; about how many Palestinian children are given bail compared to how many Israeli children are given bail. But I was not prepared for the sight in a military prison—one of the most secure compounds I have ever visited—of 14-year-old boys shuffling in wearing leg-irons and handcuffs for their court hearings. All members of the all-party parliamentary group who were on that visit made the decision that we were not prepared to shut up about this. Something had to be done. Whatever one’s views on the occupation, on Israel and on the peace process, shackling 14-year-old boys is wrong. It is against the UN convention on the rights of the child and it is inhuman.

But I was not prepared for the sight in a military prison—one of the most secure compounds I have ever visited—of 14-year-old boys shuffling in wearing leg-irons and handcuffs for their court hearings.

Ann Clwyd: Earlier this year, I was invited by the United Nations to a conference in Vienna on the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people. It was the first time that I could remember the UN holding a conference with such a title. There were testimonies from people that made exactly the same point as my hon. Friend. Children are quite often charged without having a responsible adult present or legal representation. The stories that we heard were very similar to those he is describing now.

It is an absolute disgrace that many of these children are in prison simply for throwing stones.

Richard Burden: My right hon. Friend is absolutely right about that. The biggest number of accusations is for throwing stones. A range of human rights organisations, including Israeli human rights organisations as well as Palestinian and international ones, and the United Nations have amassed loads of evidence showing how children are visited and arrested in the middle of the night and painfully tied with a single plastic cord in violation of Israeli army procedures. The issue of how the children are interrogated and who is allowed to be present is a matter of real concern. Interrogations are not video recorded. Children continue to be denied bail in about 90% of cases, and many are detained in prisons outside the occupied territories in violation of article 76 of the fourth Geneva convention. Those things are wrong.

Even though I thought I knew a fair bit about child prisoners in Palestine, I came across something last week that astonished me even more. I spoke to some ex-detainees in Bethlehem. Most of them came from the town of Hebron or thereabouts. They recounted some of the things that my right hon. Friend has said, that I have said and that the UN has reported, but I wanted to pursue this issue of why they were shackled and had leg irons on inside a prison. I said to the young boys, "When did they put these leg irons on you? When did they shackle you?" They replied,"Before we went into the court and before we went into the prison." I said, "You were detained, though. You were already in the prison, weren’t you?" They replied, "No, we were in the other prison." Many of those children are held not in Ofer prison, in which they are tried, but in other prisons which could be on the west bank or in Israel itself.

The young man who was talking to me was held in Tilmond prison near Haifa and he said that that was where they put the shackles and leg irons on him. He wanted to talk to me about other things. He thought that his experience was quite normal. I said, "Hang on, how long were you in those leg irons and shackles before you got to the prison?" I thought that it would have taken one to two hours to drive to Ofer prison, but he said, "About nine hours." At that stage, I thought that I was getting some exaggeration because it is nothing like a nine-hour drive between Haifa and Ofer prison, which is between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. He said, "No, we don’t go straight there. We get picked up at about one o’clock in the morning and the prison transport takes us down to the Negev where we pick up some more from a prison there. It then takes us back to Ramleh where we have a break for the driver and then we go on to Ofer prison. It takes about eight or nine hours." I asked the young boy whether he was shackled the whole time. He said, "Yes." Other young men around the room nodded in agreement and said that that had happened to them as well. I asked the young boy where they were being held. He said, "We were in this kind of prison bus which had rooms in."

I assumed that it was like prison transport with compartments. He said, "It was a bit overcrowded, but we just had to stay there with our shackles and leg irons." I asked, "What happened if you wanted to go to the toilet?" He replied, "We just had to do it where we were." This is the 21st century. Irrespective of our views on the Israel-Palestine conflict, are we honestly saying that those sorts of things should go on?

I know that the Minister and the Government are concerned about this matter. I welcome the work that both our ambassador in Tel Aviv and our consular-general in east Jerusalem have been doing to raise awareness of these and many other issues. There is another inquiry going on at the moment into the condition of child prisoners. This is an issue that must not go away because it is shocking to me and shocking to anyone who sees it. It is against the UN convention on the rights of the child and it is inhuman.

I have been raising these matters over a period of time —perhaps I have been a bit of a bore on the matter— but it is only in the past few days and weeks that we have seen a change in profile and a number of achievements. Israel has equalised the age at which a child is classified an adult—from 16 to 18. The age is now equal between Israelis and Palestinians, which is good. It would not have happened had it not been for the pressure that has been building up. The number of Palestinian children in Israeli jails is now 150; it was 164 a few weeks ago, so I think the Israelis are susceptible to pressure. Related links: Urgent Appeal—(UA—5/11)—Prisoner exchange—Release of Palestinian children UNICEF appeals for release of Palestinian child detainees MEP De Rossa calls for release of Palestinian child detainees Detention Bulletin—Issue 22—October 2011 The Australian: Stone cold justice Submission: The situation facing Palestinian children detained in the Israeli military detention system (July 2011)

By Leon Symons, December 9, 2010

MPs' challenge on Israel's child prisoners

Israel has admitted that some Palestinian children as young as 12 or 13 charged with criminal offences have been brought into court in handcuffs and leg irons.

The practice was brought to light by four MPs of the All Party Palestinian Group who visited Israel and the West Bank at the end of last month with lawyers from Israeli non-governmental organisation Defence of Children International.

One of the four, Sandra Osborne, the Labour MP for Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock, sponsored a debate on Tuesday morning in which she and her colleagues described what they had seen in Ofer military prison on November 29.

Mrs Osborne said: "At the end of four days of touring the Occupied West Bank our group arrived at the military court of Ofer in the West Bank. Army officers led child detainees into the military courtroom, their legs shackled, their hands cuffed, all kitted out in brown jumpsuits. Did soldiers feel threatened by 13— and 14-year-old boys?"

Seeing children being manacled in court was appalling

She put forward five recommendations to Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt, who was responding for the government. She said no child should be interrogated without a lawyer or member of their family being present; all interrogations to be audio-visually recorded; all evidence suspected of being obtained by torture should be rejected by Israeli courts and authorities; all allegations involving obtaining confessions by torture should be investigated, and no Palestinian child should be detained outside the parameters of the Geneva Convention.

A spokesman at the Israeli Embassy acknowledged that leg shackles were used as well as handcuffs.

"We have to remember that, although they may be juveniles, the suspects in question are being tried for severe crimes.
"Standard procedure in such a case, crucially regardless of whether it is Israelis or Palestinians in the dock, would be to ensure that they are not free to escape, or attack those who are accompanying them.

"It is also important to state that the restrictions are only in place on journeys to and from the court. However, once in a secure location such as the courtroom or a detention centre, there are no such restraints."

Grahame Morris (Labour, Easington) asked Prime Minister David Cameron about the situation during Prime Minister's Questions last week. He said during the debate: "I didn't have any long-standing commitment to the Palestinian cause as such but I felt as a new MP I should see the evidence with my own eyes.

"To see Palestinian detainees was a shocking experience. I am a father of a 13-year-old and seeing children of the same age in fatigues and being manacled and chained in court was appalling and something I found difficult to come to terms with."

The two other MPs who were on the tour, Richard Burden (Labour, Birmingham Northfield) and Ian Lavery (Labour, Wansbeck) joined in the condemnation of the practice.

They also alleged that Palestinian children were regularly arrested during the night, physically assaulted, deprived of food and water, held in communicado for eight days, taken into Israel without their families' knowledge and exposed to extremes of heat and cold.

Alistair Burt said he would raise concerns about the treatment of Palestinian children and youngsters with the Israeli authorities during a visit he said was scheduled for next year.

Afterwards, he said that sometimes Israel needed to listen to people outside. "We are not all motivated against Israel and we are making remarks that are in Israel's best interests."

Last updated: 1:50pm, December 9 2010

Israeli internal security officers accused of "attempted rape" of a child prisoner
Thursday, 24 February 2011 11:30

Israeli internal security officers accused of "attempted rape" of a child prisoner. Israel holds a number of child prisoners in small rooms which restrict movement, sleep and exercise.

Lawyers from the Palestinian Ministry of Detainees’ and Ex-Detainees’ Affairs, have claimed that Israeli internal security officers from Shin Bet tried to rape a child prisoner at Etzion Prison, south of Bethlehem. The prisoner involved, a boy, gave his testimony to this effect, under oath, to the lawyers.

The Shin Bet officers are accused of stripping the boy and threatening him with rape in order to extract a confession. When he started screaming, the lawyers said that, "The officers stopped, before extracting the names of people who were throwing stones at Israeli occupation forces patrols". The boy gave his own name and identified others under threat of further sexual assault.

The Ministry said that this is not unusual inside Israeli prisons. Child prisoners have their rights violated almost as a matter of routine, it said. Torture, beatings and abuse are commonplace, as is sexual abuse.

Israel holds a number of child prisoners in small rooms which restrict movement, sleep and exercise. Their relatives also face restrictions over visits while the children are held in detention.

According to the Ministry’s lawyers, most children are taken into custody by the Israelis following their arrest while playing in the street, on the way home from school or when their homes are broken into by police and soldiers. Human rights groups have confirmed the belief that child prisoners face psychological as well as sexual harassment from investigators. The number of Palestinian children in prison who are suffering from medical neglect has now risen to 30, added the lawyers; they are denied proper medical treatment and requests for specialists to visit them are usually refused by the Israelis.

Voices from the Occupation: Rasheed J. Detention
Posted on: 14 Dec 2011

Name: Rasheed J.
Date of arrest: 4 November 2011
Age: 16
Location: Haris village, West Bank
Accusation: Throwing stones

On 4 November 2011, a 16-year-old boy from Haris village, in the occupied West Bank, is arrested by Israeli soldiers and held in solitary confinement at Al Jalame interrogation centre for 13 days.

Two days before his arrest, Israeli soldiers came to Rasheed’s house when he was out. The soldiers told Rasheed’s father that his son must go to Zufin settlement on 4 November for questioning. On 4 November, Rasheed went to Zufin settlement as ordered. ‘Four soldiers immediately tied my hands behind my back with one set of plastic cords and tightened them up," recalls Rasheed. "They also blindfolded me […] The soldiers put me in a military jeep and forced me to sit on the floor." Rasheed reports that he remained on the floor of the vehicle inside the settlement for about five hours.

Approximately five hours later, Rasheed was transferred to another vehicle which transferred him to the Al Jalame interrogation and detention centre inside Israel. Rasheed’s hands and feet were shackled during the two hour journey. On arrival at Al Jalame, Rasheed reports being strip searched before being given a prison uniform and taken for interrogation. "I was forced to sit in a small low chair and my hands were tied to the chair," recalls Rasheed. "An intelligence officer named ‘Jolan’ came to the room and started asking me general questions about me and my family. The interrogator said that I should cooperate and not try to deny anything because that would harm me. I kept sitting in the low chair for about two hours. They did not bring me any food or water, but they allowed me to use the bathroom," says Rasheed.

About two hours later, Rasheed recalls being taken to Cell No. 36. "It was a very small cell and had a smelly mattress on the floor. It had two concrete chairs and a toilet with a nasty smell. There was a sink next to the toilet. There were two sources of artificial light in the ceiling; one of them was out of order and the other one was green. The walls were gray and rough. The cell had no windows, just gaps to let air in and out. They passed me food through a gap in the door. I was detained in Cell No. 36 for 13 days […] I was detained at Al Jalame for 19 days; 13 of which was in isolation in Cell No. 36," says Rasheed.

Rasheed recalls being interrogated every day except Fridays and Saturdays. During these interrogations he was tied to a small chair. The interrogations lasted for about three to four hours. "The three interrogators asked me about preparing home-made grenades, but I never confessed. I confessed only to throwing stones because they interrogated me for long hours, during which time they kept shouting at me and threatening me. ‘You Arabs like to fuck camels and donkeys and go to brothels to fuck whores,’ one of them said to me. ‘You have no honour because your mother’s a whore,’ he said. "They would shout at me and spat on me so I would confess, but I never confessed except to throwing stones."

After 19 days at Al Jalame, Rasheed was transferred to Megiddo prison, also inside Israel, in violation of Article 76 of the Fourth Geneva Convention which prohibits transfers out of occupied territory.

On 18 October 2011, the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture called for an end to the practice of solitary confinement as well as a complete ban on its use for juveniles. "Considering the severe mental pain or suffering solitary confinement may cause," Mr. Méndez warned, "it can amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment when used as a punishment, during pretrial detention, indefinitely or for a prolonged period, for persons with mental disabilities or juveniles."

Water torture
by Gideon Levy
July 08, 2012

Avi is an inspection coordinator for the "Civil Administration"—the occupation regime, to speak without euphemisms. Presumably Avi likes his job. Maybe he's even proud of it.

He doesn't bother mentioning his last name in the forms he signs. Why should he? His ornate "Avi" signature is sufficient to carry out his diktats. And Avi's are among the most brutal and inhumane diktats ever to be imposed in these parts.

Avi confiscates water containers that serve hundreds of Palestinian and Bedouin families living in the Jordan Valley.

The containers are these people's only water source. In recent weeks, Avi has confiscated about a dozen containers, leaving dozens of families with children in the horrific Jordan Valley heat, to go thirsty.

The forms he takes pains to complete, in spiffy style, say: "There is reason to suspect they used the above merchandise for carrying out an offense." Avi's bosses claim the "offense" is stealing water from a pipe. This is why the containers are seized—with no inquiry, no trial. Welcome to the land of lawlessness and evil. Welcome to the land of apartheid. Israel does not permit thousands of these wretched people to hook up to the water pipes. This water is for Jews only. Even the greatest Israeli propagandists could not deny the nationalist, diabolical separation taking place here.

The axis of evil is located about an hour's drive from your home. But emotionally distant and far from the heart, it inspires no "social protest." And on the scale of Israeli evil, it is one of the worst. Backed with forms and bureaucracy, applied by ostensibly nonviolent inspectors, it involves not a drop of blood, yet leaves no drop of water either.
The Civil Administration is supposed to take care of the people's needs. But it does not stop at the most despicable measure—depriving people and livestock of water in the scathing summer heat—to implement Israel's strategic goal: to drive them from their lands and purge the valley of its non-Jewish residents.

The stealing of water, whether it did or didn't take place, is of course only the excuse. Even if there was such a thing—what choice do these people have? The authorities won't allow them to connect to the water pipe running through their fields; pipes whose water is flowing to saturate the settlers' green vineyards and fields.

Last week I saw the people whose water container Avi had confiscated, leaving them thirsty. Newborn babies, a handicapped little girl, a small boy post-surgery, women and old folks, and, of course, the sheep—the only source of income here. Denizens with no water—in Israel, not in Africa. Water for one nation only—in Israel, not in South Africa.

But this is not the only watershed. A few days ago, the Israel Defense Forces decided to hold training exercises in the area. What did it do? Evicted the residents from their homes for 24 hours. Not all of them—only the Palestinians and Bedouin. It occurred to nobody to evict the residents of Maskiot, Beka'ot or Ro'i. The authorities don't call that apartheid, either.

Where did the IDF evict them to? Wherever the wind carries them. Thus some 400 people were forced to leave their huts and tents and spend a day and a night on the arid soil by the roadside, exposed to the elements.

Amjad Zahawa, a 2-day-old infant, passed his third day under the hot sun, with no shelter over his head. Greetings, Amjad; welcome to the reality of your life.
Avi, as we have already mentioned, loves his work and is proud of it. Dozens of others like him are also doing this contemptible work. But they are not the only ones at fault. Behind them stand millions of Israelis who are entirely untouched by all this. They blithely drive through the valley roads, paying no heed to the endless embankment alongside the road, imprisoning the residents and blocking their access to the road.

There is an iron gate every now and then. The soldiers, representatives of the merciful occupier, show up every few days to open the gate for a moment. Sometimes they forget, sometimes they are late. Sometimes they lose the key, but what does it matter?

The occupation is enlightened, Israel is right, the IDF is the most moral army, and apartheid is merely an invention of Israel's haters. Go to the Jordan Valley and see for yourselves.

Just like life under Pinochet
By Nir Hasson
Feb.11, 2007

"The Palestinians' lives under the occupation are reminiscent of the lives of Chile's citizens under the dictatorship," says Chilean Judge Juan Guzman, who is visiting Israel, last week. "There, too, people who thought differently were considered enemies: They were imprisoned, tortured and killed. There, too, people couldn't move from place to place, they didn't have freedom and they didn't have equality before the law. But here it's harder. It has been going on for longer," he added.

Guzman, 68, became known at the end of the 1990s as an investigative judge pursuing Augusto Pinochet, Chile's military dictator between 1973 and 1990. Guzman waged a long legal battle against Pinochet. Despite the former dictator's immunity, Guzman succeeded in filing several indictments against him and bringing him to trial. Pinochet's trial was never completed because of his health, and he died two months ago at age 91.
Last week Guzman came to Israel as a guest of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) and the Alternative Information Center (AIC) to examine indicting Israelis responsible for house demolitions in European courts. Thus far, legal proceedings have been initiated only against military officers. The committee wants to indict civilians as well.

ICAHD has a list of three officials from the Civil Administration, the Jerusalem municipality and the Interior Ministry who ordered the demolition of houses. It is seeking to submit investigation requests against the officials in a European country where the courts have the authority to address international human rights violations. Guzman is slated to give the international seal of approval to the move. If such an investigation is opened, presumably arrest orders will be issued against the three and they will encounter difficulties in visiting Europe.

Guzman's great antagonist, Pinochet, died on December 10, International Human Rights Day. "I did not feel satisfaction, but I wasn't sad either," he says. "Chile lost a historic opportunity to rebuild itself," he says. "After the justice system was destroyed during the 17-year-long dictatorship, this was an opportunity to demonstrate its independence and to prove to Chile and to the entire world that no one is above the law, that even Pinochet can be tried."
Guzman disagrees with the Chilean Supreme Court, which ruled that Pinochet was not mentally able to stand trial. He says Pinochet was lucid until his last day.
Guzman has been a judge for 36 years. In January 1998, when he was serving as a judge in the Supreme Court of Santiago, he was chosen to investigate human rights charges filed against Pinochet and his officers. Guzman received 98 cases involving Pinochet. He traveled throughout Chile and conducted a comprehensive investigation into Pinochet's crimes.

Several months later, Pinochet was arrested in London by order of a Spanish judge, over Spanish citizens killed under the dictatorship. Pinochet returned to Chile a year and five months later, after a British court ruled that because of his poor health, he could not be extradited to Spain. Soon after that, Guzman field his first indictment on charges of responsibility for the "death squad," a secret police unit that murdered 75 regime opponents. Guzman also ordered the house arrest of the former dictator. The decision aroused a storm in Chile: Rightist elements and military officials took Pinochet's side, whereas the left took to the street to celebrate.
"It was no simple matter to bring Pinochet to trial," explains Hebrew University political science professor Mario Sznajder. "For some of the country's inhabitants, Pinochet was considered the nation's savior from the Communists." In addition, Pinochet enjoyed immunity after appointing himself a senator for life, and by virtue of the "amnesty law" he legislated. This law granted "automatic amnesty" to anyone who committed crimes before 1978, but Guzman circumvented this in a sophisticated way.
"I proved the law does not cover disappearances (the fates of more than 1,000 regime opponents are still unknown—N.H.). Thus, as in cases of kidnapping, this is a matter of a crime that did not end in 1978, but rather is ongoing, and until we find out what happened to those people, even if the amnesty law covers part of the crime, it does not cover all of it. The Supreme Court accepted my opinion," Guzman says.

In 2001, the Chilean Supreme Court ordered the proceedings against Pinochet cancelled due to his mental unfitness. Two years later, Guzman came across an interview Pinochet gave a Cuban television station in the United States on the 30th anniversary of the military coup.

"He spoke about 158 different subjects and appeared to be in very good and lucid shape," recalls Guzman. In the wake of the interview, which proved the dictator was fit to stand trial, Guzman reopened the investigation. The Supreme Court again revoked Pinochet's immunity, and Guzman filed another indictment against him, this time for Operation Condor—the South American military regimes' cooperation in persecuting opponents, which resulted in hundreds of murders.
Guzman went to Pinochet's home and interrogated him. "He could tell the difference between good and evil, and he could also tell the difference between what was convenient for him to answer and what was not convenient," relates Guzman. "This time he was less nice to me than he had been the first time. He understood I was prosecuting him. But he did not insult me and he was not aggressive."

Half a year later Guzman succeeded in filing yet another indictment, this time for what was called Operation Colombo, during the course of which 119 Communist activists disappeared. Their bodies were never found. These legal proceedings, like others opened by other investigative judges, were not completed by the time Pinochet died. "These investigations did the country a great favor. They openly showed what had happened during the time of the dictatorship," says Guzman. "Many Chileans did not believe things like that had indeed happened, and thought they were an invention of the Communists. But when the investigations began, they started to believe. I believe that thanks to those investigations, my country will never again fall into a dictatorship. In Spanish we say nunca mas— never again."

Professor Sznajder agrees. "Guzman's importance was that he tried to get to Pinochet, not as a journalist or as a political opponent, but rather by virtue of the authority of democratic law. He contributed to eliminating Chile's black hole, to erasing the second version of what had happened during those years. He touched upon the most painful things, opened wounds, uncovered facts and brought about a change, even if no verdict was obtained."

Guzman has no doubt that like Pinochet's officers and officials, Israeli officers and officials will pay the price of the crimes he believes are being committed against the
Palestinians. "If we learn from history, it appears that ultimately those who commit crimes against humanity and violate human rights are judged, whether by a special international court or in a country. Sooner or later, human right violations come to court," he says.

During his trip, Guzman visited two Palestinian families whose homes in Issawiyeh and A-Tur were demolished. One of the families has been living in a tent near the ruins for two weeks.

"I saw them crying. Every home demolition is the demolition of a person's dignity and intimacy, and is prohibited by international law. I have also seen the wall built in occupied territory. I don't understand this, and I don't believe it is connected to security. It isn't logical. I am certain there are other ways to protect the Israelis, and at the same time, the Palestinians must be protected.

"I admire the Jewish people for the suffering it has endured and for its achievements in science, literature and music," he continues. "I identify with the Israelis, but my heart is with the people living under occupation and whose rights are being violated. Israel feels it is the victim of terror, but when you are here, you realize that what the Palestinians are doing is resisting occupation. The Palestinians are the victims, they are being exploited, their homes are being demolished, they are being detained under administrative orders, their property is being damaged, they need permits to move from place to place and their cities are becoming large prisons. There is no doubt they are the victims."
Guzman does not make any commitment that indictments will be filed against those responsible for demolishing homes. "I will study the issue, I will consult and I will see how the process can be advanced," he says, "but there is no doubt that with respect to international law, civilians directly responsible for human rights violations can be indicted, just like soldiers."

Meir Margalit, the field coordinator for ICAHD and the person who invited Guzman to visit Israel, says he has despaired of the Israeli justice system. "We feel we have exhausted the option of an Israeli investigator. Salvation won't come from here, and things are getting worse. Every year, about 400 houses in East Jerusalem and the territories are demolished."

"I am here on a peace mission," says Guzman. "I want my activities to awaken discussion of whether what is happening here is justified. From the Chilean experience, we know activity like this can cease human rights violations. I implore the Israeli government to stop the house demolitions, for the sake of its good reputation and for the sake of the good reputation of the entire human race."

IS THE AMERICAN PUBLIC ABOUT TO TOSS ISRAEL?
by Chet Riese

Some opinion analysts, like the 2009 Zogby International poll of American attitudes toward Israelis and Palestinians, express surprise with what they are learning from the American public and detect significant changes in American public attitudes favoring US disengagement from Israel

Ever so slowly over the past two decades, and gaining momentum since the April 2002 Israeli destruction of the West Bank town of Jenin, American attitudes toward Israel appear to be changing according to some public opinion analysts.

The American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy polling unit, that works on behalf of the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations has argued that the American opinion shift accelerates with each perceived Israeli outrage such as the saturation bombing of much of south Lebanon and south Beirut during the July 2006 war, the massive civilian slaughter, more than one-third women and children in Gaza during the winter of 2008/9, the May 2010 murders and carnage committed against the Mavi Marmara, including the assassination of 19 year old American Furkan Dogan, and the cumulative effect of a half century of Geneva Convention and international law violations by Israel against occupied Palestine and Lebanon.

Some opinion analysts, like the 2009 Zogby International poll of American attitudes toward Israelis and Palestinians, express surprise with what they are learning from the American public and detect significant changes in American public attitudes favoring US disengagement from Israel.

Such changes in attitudes are not yet evident in Congress or in the Office of the Vice President. But then, as one of Biden's Democratic Congressional colleagues from Cleveland Ohio, just recently reelected and now planning to force a Congressional vote on withdrawing from Afghanistan noted this week, "Joe's a nice fella but a God awful slow learner! Cracks and fissures are shooting around and inside Joe's great American pro Israel public opinion vase etched in gold with the words: ‘US Support for Israel Must Continue Forever!"

The NYT's Tom Friedman seemed to concur during meetings in Israel recently: "US support for Israel could shatter like Humpty Dumpty– and it could get ugly…You are losing the American people who believe me, are fed up with the Mideast in general. But they're also fed up with Israel. When they see their president working hard to try to tee up an opportunity. …" And you say ‘No, first pay me—let Jonathon Pollard out of jail, have Abu Mazen sing Hatikva in perfect Yiddish, and then we'll think about testing.' It rubs a lot of Americans the wrong way."

Changes of US citizens attitudes toward Israel are evident in Lebanon also. Hundreds of Americans and other foreigners have visited Shatila and other Palestinian refugee Camps in Beirut in the past few years according to the Sabra Shatila Foundation that conducts tours of the camp. Many visiting Americans have been surveyed by various firms and the results mirror recent surveys from the States. Several explanations are being offered by pollsters for the developing American public opinion shift away from support for Israel.

One is the growing perception that Israel, despite its consistent claims of self defense and accidents, when it attacks and kills civilian populations, is in fact the aggressor and lacks respect for non Jewish lives.

Growing American revulsion at the increasing incidents of verbal assaults on Arabs and Muslims, and racist hate speech graffiti by the Israeli public , internet defamation by elements of the US Israel lobby, and seeming encouragement by Israeli officials and some Rabbi's ensconced among the more than 100 illegal colonies in occupied Palestine.

Two often mentioned examples are:

1) The followers of the late Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu who regularly broadcast his calls that: "All of the Palestinians must be killed; men, women, infants, and even their beasts".

2) And Rabbi Yizhak Shapiro, who lately published the book The King's Torah, in which he detailed the "jurisprudence" sanctioning the killing of Palestinian infants and children. The White House has reportedly been surprised by the number of Americans objecting to, or even knowing about, these kinds of outrageous and immoral US funded extremists that has been going on for half a century.

Americans are becoming weary of Israel constantly moving the goal post in the "peace negotiations " and Israeli officials undercutting the American President and flaunting their power in Congress and using the US-Israel lobby and media juggernaut to ridicule him. When Obama condemns Israeli settlement building and calls for suspension, within days, Israel often announces more settlement construction, often claiming mere coincidence.
A growing belief among the American public that Israel takes the US for granted and is only interested in its own economic and military benefits at American expense. Just this week, President Obama criticized Israel for announcing another stage in the approval process of 1,300 housing units in the Jerusalem neighborhoods of Pisgat Ze'ev and Har Homa. He warned: "This kind of activity is never helpful when it comes to peace negotiations. I'm concerned that we're not seeing each side making the extra effort involved to get a breakthrough."
Israel's reaction was immediate, condemnatory and harsh. Knesset Members as well as AIPAC staff attacked President Obama, saying that he is ignoring the reality of Israel's needs in Jerusalem.

MK Avi Dichter, told the Jerusalem Post that the American people are smart enough to "understand that there is no chance that Jerusalem will return to the 1967 borders. But they are either not smart enough or still don't understand that the most sensitive part of the negotiations is Jerusalem. For their President to deal with Jerusalem at the beginning of negotiations is a recipe for failure."

Bar Ilan University professor Ehud Gilboa added that he does not think Obama will "lay off" Israel in the near future. "I believe he has an obsession with Israel. He will want to get the talks between Israel and the Palestinians going only because he wants to be remembered in history as the one who is signed on the peace agreement. We expect him to be a one term President and I don't think he warrants being taken seriously."

More Americans appear to be tiring of Israeli officials telling them they don't understand how to view Israeli land confiscations, ethnic cleansing and use of American cash and weapons.

One poll conducted during October 2010 of Americans living in Beirut asked about Israeli PM Netanyahu calling the United Nations' Goldstone Report "a modern day blood libel."

Only 4% of the Americans believed this. But 85% believed that Israel manipulates this term and also the Nazi crimes against Jews during WW II to justify its occupation and treatment of Palestinians.

Opinion analysts at Rasmussen Polls Delaware believe changes in US public attitudes are also due to the collapsing American economy. The US public is getting angry, loud and distressed. Perhaps always a little paranoid, it is more despondent and pessimistic.

Americans have generally believed in the country's capacity for regeneration, that a new awakening is possible at any time. Now, 63 percent of Americans don't believe that they will be able to maintain their current standard of living. American companies like Apple and Coca-Cola, Google and Microsoft are putting their money, not in the US but in Asia, where labor is cheap and markets are growing. The US government's debt now exceeds 90 percent of the gross domestic product and more than half of all Americans don't believe that the America Dream is still realistic but rather that their country is dysfunctional and its Congress corrupt.

It is not sure how the Tea Party will ultimately view Israel being given annually a total of approximately $ 5 billion and then investing approximately 60% of it in interest bearing accounts while every penny of the US taxpayer money it gets must be borrowed by Washington with US taxpayers paying the interest on cash gift to Israel.

Isolationism and xenophobia are on the rise with growing numbers of Americans unhappy with what they see as Israeli "shenanigans at US taxpayer expense", according to a Congressional staffer recently warned about speaking out against US aid to Israel to fellow staffers during a recent ‘brown bag' lunch in the Cannon Congressional House Office building cafeteria.

The same source explained: " We've got two criminal wars, one in Iraq and one in Afghanistan, that have cost this country, in real terms more than two trillion. The government debt continued to grow, from 57 percent of GNP in 2000 to 83 when Obama got elected and the national debt of $13.8 trillion and growing by the hour. That amounts to 94 percent of GNP, and in two years it will exceed 100 percent. We can't afford Israel financially and never could afford them morally, politically or what they have done with American weapons!".

Likely Republican Majority leader Eric Cantor, one of the three key leaders of the Israel lobby in Congress is reportedly terrified that the Tea Party will insist, as rumored, on enacting Legislation that terminates foreign aid of all kinds if the U.S. unemployment level rises above 4-percent. Consideration would be given to restarting foreign aid when the unemployment level drops below 4-percent and remains below 4-percent for 12 months. Cantor must figure out how to protect Israel's cash with having the Tea Party come after him. It may be recalled that Cantor is floating an AIPAC scheme to take US funds of Israel out of Foreign Aid and call it "Homeland Security" expenditures, " in order to save it from foreign aid cutting zealots."

Public opinion analysts are increasingly seeing that the American public wants to distance itself from Israel. But it is unlikely that Congress will, in the short term, follow the public's lead. This conclusion is supported by the just passed congressional amendments that authorized the increase of U.S. weaponry, ammunition and war supplies stored in Israel to a record $1.2 billion, Defense News reported this week.. The value of U.S. weapons to be prepositioned in Israel will reach $1 billion in 2011, with another $200 million added in 2012.

Once the weaponry arrives, the amount of U.S.-owned materiel available for Israel's emergency use will have jumped threefold since 2007. Over the past two years, logisticians and war planners from U.S. European Command and the Israel Defense Forces elevated war stocks to the then Congressionally authorized threshold of $ 800 of equipment. Ready for Israel's next war against Lebanon or Syria or Iran-or all three countries.

One pro-Israel group dismayed by the shift in American public opinion is the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) which sounded the alarm this week at the Canadian governments sponsored Inter-Parliamentary Coalition for Combating Anti-Semitism (ICCA) held at Parliament in Ottawa "to inspire parliamentary action against anti-Semitism around the world."

Fifty countries from six continents sent delegations to help combat what ADL's Abe Foxman, claims is a dangerous softening of US public opinion for Israel. The conference adopted an Ottawa Protocol on Combating Anti-Semitism — building on the 2009 London Declaration on Combating Anti-Semitism of 2009, which has built on more than 50 similar initiatives over the past 98 years since ADL was launched in 1913. ADL's current focus, according to Christopher Wolf, who chairs ADL's Internet Task Force on "cyber hate", is" to take the lead and show the American public why they must stick with Israel during these days of Islamist terror against Americans and their only reliable ally, Israel."

One of Abe Foxman's problems is that many Americans are distancing themselves from ADL's nonstop "fear and smear" campaigns. Another is that history, along with the American public, is accelerating its rejection of the Zionist colonial enterprise in Palestine.

The HyperTexts