The HyperTexts

Richard Moore, Poet: Tribute and Memorial

Richard Thomas Moore was a poet, performer, novelist, essayist, teacher, philosopher, mathematician and scholar―and one of the foremost writers of his era. Richard Moore was born on September 25, 1927, in Connecticut and died on November 8, 2009 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, close to his home in Belmont. Richard will be sorely missed, although his words will remain with us as long as the English language endures.

A poet should be known primarily by his own words, not other people's opinions of them, so if you haven't read Richard Moore's poems and essays, please begin by investigating the links immediately below, then return to this page and scroll down to read what his contemporaries have to say about the man, the writer, and his work. This page will be updated as new tributes and memorials are received, so please bookmark it and visit as often as you can. For a writer there can be no greater tribute than for his words to be read, and re-read. After all, that's how writers become immortal. We suggest that readers new to Richard Moore's work begin with his main THT poetry page, then "work their way down." His epic poem "The Mouse Whole" is autobiographical, more or less, and can give readers insight into the man and his other writings, but it will take some time to devour, due to its length. The second link for "The Mouse Whole" contains recordings of Richard reciting the poem himself.

Richard Moore (his main THT poetry page)
A Life (his last essay)
The Self: A Consideration (essay)
Pain and Death (essay)
The Mouse Whole (his epic poem)
Listen to The Mouse Whole (the spoken word version)
How I Blew It At The New Yorker (essay)
THT's First Interview with Richard Moore (interview with THT editor Mike Burch)
THT's Second Interview with Richard Moore (interview with THT editor Mike Burch)
Poetic Meter in English: Roots and Possibilities (essay)
On Rhyme (essay)
The Balancer: Yeats and His Supernatural System (essay)
A Fair's End (poetry) can be read online at the New Formalist Press website.
His personal website.

Hi, Mike,
I looked on your Richard Moore memorial page for his poem “The Cyclist’s Psych List” (from Sailing to Oblivion), but didn’t find it. Its last lines constitute a good epitaph:
… Like good King Wenzel,
I wrote my life in pencil
and never feared its end.
When it appeared, my friend,
I reached out and embraced it;
then God kindly erased it.
To that I wrote (and sent to him) a reply which you might also like to include as a tribute:
Some fear a life in pencil
when death has drawn them hence’ll
be soon erased; and ink
may fade before you blink.
But Richard Moore can neuter
death with a small computer.
We know if he is on it or
not by th’ eternal monitor.
It is his happy Schicksal
to be saved pixel by pixel.
I came across all this while combing through old computer files and thought that if anyone would care to preserve it, it would be you.
All best,
Jan Schreiber

A Yogi Sees The Light

That lady has learned Hebrew, gung-
ho to greet God in His own tongue.
And I? I'm one whom God will notice
because I'm sitting in the lotus.
Silly! A God who deems it fitting
to see me won't care how I'm sitting.

Published in Light Quarterly

Richard Moore Quotations:

"The poet writes for himself as the other."

"We all think of poetry as speech that is somehow special, striking, memorable. We want to remember, not just the idea, as with prose, but the actual words that utter it. Sound effects like rhythm and rhyme are the easiest, most recognizable ways to accomplish this."

"Poems have to be genuine performances—by which I mean: I'm not going to please others ultimately unless I please myself, and, ditto, I am not going to please myself ultimately unless I please someone else too."

"One [i.e., the poet] has to take risks, as the capitalists say, and I have staked my life—as we all must—on my hunches. Emily Dickinson did that with incredible resolve and courage. She's my hero at the moment. She imagined a reasonable person to write for, and she stuck to it. Pleasing that person was the only way to please herself."

"Poets like Milton or Hopkins who use complicated language usually have simple, familiar ideas to express; poets like Swift who have shocking, complex ideas usually express them in the simplest possible language. I love Swift." [Younger poets, and older poets too, should take note of the word "love" here, since Richard Moore didn't use words loosely.]

"My mouse [the hero of The Mouse Whole] modeled his epic on Dante: that darling, that pet of the age, / with professors for every page."

"I wonder how many unindoctrinated "common men" actually read Whitman. I ran a little Whitman experiment once. I had been reading quite extensively in the works of that canny, tough-minded politician, Abraham Lincoln. After I had finished reliving—perhaps I mean, redying—his assassination, I thought it might be interesting to imagine that I was Lincoln's ghost, reading Whitman's famous elegy on me, 'When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd.' What dreadful, verbose, sentimental rubbish is this? cried the author of the Second Inaugural Address. Personally I am an admirer of that elegy and was shocked to hear Lincoln's ghost say that, but there is no accounting sometimes for the tastes of statesmen and politicians. And your Mr Everyman, poptune lover, of the present time will never like listening to Whitman. Whitman's poems don't rhyme."

"It's amazing what modern arts audiences nowadays will put up with. What a little pretentiousness won't do! The Parisians in its first audience threw rotten vegetables at Stravinsky's Rites of Spring. Now in Ann Arbor, Michigan, everybody politely sits, pretending to enjoy it." [This reminds us of one the very best, and most hilarious, books on modern art and literature: Tom Wolfe's The Painted Word.]

"Years ago, when I taught a class in poetry writing in Brandeis University, the students had never heard of me, but they all knew about John Ashbery and knew how great he was, though none of them could explain why."

"The poet in me has learned, as the poet, Keats, learned and described, that the only way to write something wonderful is to find a way to have it write itself."

"Poetry deepens and expands on the reality we share which makes us social."

"Metaphor is the soul of poetry, and the essence of metaphor is resemblance; so the poet, throwing away his Immanuel Kant, cries out that resemblance is the source of all categories. (And a theorem or two in higher algebra will bear him out.)"

"There's a wildness in poetry—especially when it rhymes."

"Read other poets, poets! Relish their rhymes and do likewise. Your own private rhyming dictionary will form in the depths of your soul and deliver you into eternity."

"No two poets rhyme exactly alike."

"Rhyming, done correctly, clarifies the difference between responsible philosophy and irresponsible poetry. The philosopher writes what he thinks; the poet discovers what he thinks when he writes: he is borne (perhaps I mean born) into what he believes by the rhyme, the rhythm, the eloquence of what he is saying."

"Rhymes are always local. They belong to the nitty-gritty specificity (try saying that phrase out loud, Reader!) of the language. They are almost impossible to translate."

" . . . the greatest poetry has always been local. International poetry is like the English spoken at the U. N. Everyone understands it, and it means next to nothing. So let us leave the Great World Cities to their raging proletariats and hope that somewhere in the boring boondocks something bold and gutsy is stirring, something alive with subtle rhythms and wild rhymes."

"Let us have more wildness, more madness, in poetry; let us have more rhyming!"

"Art thrives on difficulty. The audience (if there is one) delights when the poet, like the impossible archer, hits the mark. What effortless grace! Such deeds seem beyond human skill. He must be a god."

"I am very concerned that the new formalism will revert to the old stodginess."

"There is an association, it seems, between formality of verse and formality of attitude which I think is quite false. Certain formalist magazines are very timid about what they will allow in tone and subject matter. If there are people to lose, you are certainly going to lose them that way."

"It is a terrible limitation on poets, just to write about poets. How are other people going to be interested in their poems?"

"I think the public has good reasons for its lack of interest [in contemporary poetry]."

"Government and the arts, alas, they just don't mix.
Your bed of roses, bureaucrat, is full of pricks."

"When I read Homer, I sometimes have the feeling that we have been starving to death for 3000 years."

"Jacob Brownowski said that atomic physics has been the great poem of the twentieth century. Good to know that there has been one! It's curious how, as poets and their work fall into near total disrepute, that word "poem" still retains its mystical aura, so that even scientists rush to label themselves with it in public."

"For any artist, the doing of the thing is its own fulfillment. After that, recognition is nothing."

The social animal—at least, in the human case—is necessarily an imitative animal; for it would seem to be our capacity to imitate others and to let their thoughts and personalities invade ours that makes coherent society possible.

"We descendants of Christianity, we creations of that book, The Bible, can't endure Lucretius' lush relish and appreciation of the sensuous life here on earth. Everything in our abstract, celluloid-charmed, computer-driven, and, above all, money-maddened lifestyle separates us from that life on earth."

"Christians, humanists, existentialists—whatever we are—we gaze toward higher, or at least more interesting things."

"[The] constant of uncertainty—'Planck's constant'—is a very important number in physics and makes its appearance in many experiments and theories. It has been grandly called 'the quantum of the cosmos;' but its full title should be 'the quantum of whimsicality of the cosmos.' Thus, in its ultimate detail the cosmos is unpredictable, and this is so because we affect the cosmos by looking at it, that is, because the observer and what he observes cannot be separated. The metaphor, the myth, of separation between the subjective observer and objective reality has broken down. There is no observer, no observed. There is only experience.""'When am I ever selfless?' Why, sir, several times a day, on the average. For each of us, experience becomes selfless regularly and often. Every time we either like or dislike something intensely, that thing fills our consciousness, and our awareness of self vanishes. When we listen to a piece of music and become intensely involved with it, then the music, as the poet says, is heard so completely that it is not heard at all, but we are the music while the music lasts."

"Thus, in any intense experience the self vanishes. It only enters later as a social and linguistic convenience when there is talk about the experience. It arises, not from experience as a whole, but from language—our human language of the last few dozen millennia—in particular."

"So I relax—or try to, trying to forget the useless conceptions I have been taught—and let myself change minute by minute. Glitter of sunlight and great shadows pass over the landscape. If I exist at all, I am like music, forever modulating into new keys."

"Sometimes when I can leave off for a while the actions and thoughts which keep defining a self for me unawares, I sit still and feel that nothing—feel it as something positive, something mysteriously, actually there. The zero, the real person, the central being. That which will slip and slide outside of any definition, any set of actions, any work of art even. This central person, this true self, will never be found. We deal with it every day."

"Nowadays we make quick work of our courtships; it's our divorces that we spend a lot of time on."

"Logic, like Rilke's angel, is beautiful but dangerous."
" . . . what I love best is humor and horror happening at once . . ."

"I think I was lucky in this one [Sonnet 11 from Word from the Hills, which appears below]. But I had put myself in the way of good luck by throwing in my lot with the sonnet form in the first place. Over and above [its] specific effects, the poem acquires a power and authority simply by being carried out with apparent ease in a recognized and recognizably difficult verse form." [Lucky and very good, we'd say.]

from Word from the Hills
a sonnet sequence in four movements


You were so solid, father, cold and raw
as these north winters, where your angry will
first hardened, as the earth when the long chill
deepens—as is this country's cruel law—
yet under trackless snow, without a flaw
covering meadow, road, and stubbled hill,
the springs and muffled streams were running still,
dark until spring came, and the awful thaw.

In your decay a gentleness appears
I hadn't guessed—when, gray as rotting snow,
propped in your chair, your face will run with tears,
trying to speak, and your hand, stiff and slow,
will touch my child—who, sensing the cold years
in your eyes, cries until you let her go.

Published in Sparrow, Fall 1994

Richard Moore's life, work and death are now honored below by his friends among the poets and his fans among readers of poetry and literary prose. We will miss his razor-sharp wit, honed on the lathe of life, and his determination to always tell the truth as he perceived it. Richard never pulled any punches, and some of his wildest salvos were aimed at himself. But if the purpose of an artist's life is to create enduring art, in the end his life should—no, must—be judged by the monuments of his own creation. Now here, without further ado, is what  "people in the know" thought of Richard Moore and his art . . .

Richard Wilbur, perhaps America's foremost Formalist since Robert Frost, had this to say about Moore's seventh collection of poems, Bottom Is Back, Orchises Press, 1994: "The best and most serious poetry is full of gaiety, and it is only dreary poets and their too-earnest readers who consider light verse demeaning. X. J. Kennedy is right to remind us, in his prefatory poem [below], that funny and satiric poets will dine at journey's end with the likes of Byron, Bierce, and Landor. In any case, if the reader will look at such a delightful and flawless poem as Richard Moore's "In Praise of Old Wives," the question of light verse's legitimacy will become academic.

Richard Moore was a unique as a man and as a poet. His sudden passing leaves a void in American letters that will never be refilled. I count myself fortunate to have been his friend for nearly 40 years.—X. J. Kennedy

Sharing the Onus
by X. J. Kennedy

For sure, Dick Moore, what fate is worse,
           And are we not delirious
To wear the curse folks cast on verse
           Acerbic and unserious?

Some, for whom cuddling with the times
           Is chief modus vivendi,
Indict our rhymes for all known crimes
           Save trying to be trendy,

And placing their respect in worms
           Indignantly insist
That all Creation’s vilest form’s
           An epigrammatist.

Straight-faced as stuffed owls stuck on rods,
           They load up and besiege us
 Poor rhyming clods with fusillades
           Of open verse egregious—

But let’s not one iota veer
           From meter, craft, and candor
And yet aspire to hoist brown beer
           With Byron, Bierce, and Landor.

Richard Moore was one of our major poets. I first came across his work when asked to review A Question of Survival (l971) and A Word from the Hills (l972) for Library Journal. I still find these books to be very important to an understanding of Richard's work along with Empires (l98l) and his brilliant critical book The Rule That Liberates. Along with X. J. Kennedy and Roger Hecht, he was one of the poets from his generation who helped form the basis of the Expansive Poetry/New Formalism movement. He never relinquished his integrity and convictions to the petty politics of poetry.—Frederick Feirstein

"I like this book [A Question of Survival] wondrously well, admiring the skill and bite of it immensely. At their best, Moore's poems are funny and serious at once—by no means light verse."—Howard Nemerov, Poet Laureate of the United States

May Swenson concurred with Nemerov's assessment of A Question of Survival, saying: "Here, with this first book, is a poet full-grown. These are healthy poems. There should be no question of survival—for either the man or the book."

We recently stumbled on two new poems (or at least new to us) by Richard Moore, so I'd like to share them. The title of the first poem, with its double-l, reminds me that Richard sometimes used "more British" spellings of words. When I inquired about such things, he usually agreed to use the "more American" spelling.—Mike Burch

The Wherewithall
by Richard Moore

I wake, thinking my body out there, motionless,
           or is it in here? If I move it,
bring it to life, know it, familiar there, right there,
           complexity of leg, arm, torso,
when all that body comes unfolding out of me
           soon now, it will be like a bird’s leg,
extending downward, helping me to stand upright
           on ground. In sleep, I’m the bird flying
with brave thoughts flapping, body folded into me
           so that it vanishes, not needed.
I’ll want it, landing on the other side of sleep,
           the other side, maybe, of dying.

The Accident
by Richard Moore

Ah, reader, do not laugh
at mishap’s epitaph.
The muse of poetry
was like his S.U.V.
She filled him so with wonder,
he got in her and gunned her.

I'm glad you're doing this for Richard, Mike: his work deserves it. His death is a loss to poetry, and to us all. Best wishes.—Rhina Espaillat

"I corresponded sporadically with Richard Moore over the last fifteen years, sometimes exchanging poems, and occasionally longer letters on aesthetic questions. He was a thoughtful and considerate correspondent who never failed to have something important and interesting to say on the subject at hand—whether it was poetry, politics, religion, history, philosophical ideas, or just whatever momentary notion he had latched upon as fascinating and perhaps worthy of treatment in verse. Like a true Renaissance man, he could discuss any subject intelligently, from Greek drama to aerodynamic design. That’s what was so delightful and poetically fruitful about Moore’s habits of thought: he was willing to explore the possibilities of anything and everything in a spirit of true Aristotelian wonder. And by practicing a rigorous kind of self-isolating asceticism, he devoted all of his energy to his art in a way that is uncommon in the contemporary poetry world of networking, grant-scrounging, and conference-hopping. I will miss his carefully penned letters in small, precise script; his gentle but firm voice on the telephone; and above all his immense talent, which was still volcanically active right to the end. Farewell, friend, and may the earth rest lightly upon you."—Joseph S. Salemi

On Seeing a Lock of Richard Moore’s Beard
by Jared Carter

Richard, thou once wert almost indestruct-
Ible and bushy bearded; – now thou‘rt plucked!
All that remains of thee these plaits infold –
Able to tickle still, and never to grow old!

"What a wonderful mind he had!"—Jean Mellichamp Milliken, editor of The Lyric, in a letter to THT editor Mike Burch

Richard Moore was a wonderful mentor to me, and purely out of generosity. He wrote to me ten or twelve years ago in response to a review I had published somewhere (I don't even remember where or of what), and we corresponded for a while before we began to exchange poems. It was intimidating to send my work to someone so far along in his career and whose erudition was so far beyond my own. He had a knack, though, for building my confidence even while he challenged me to reach deeper, to be ever-more demanding of myself. The great pleasure, though, was being introduced to his large and diverse writings. Essays, novels, poetry that ranges from couplets to epics—over the years I accumulated a library of his work in which I find new pleasures with each visit.—Richard Wakefield

I remember the happy genesis of your epic as you gleefully helmed "Iteration" across a sparkling Buzzard's Bay. Sail on with fair breezes, Richard, and give our regards to Stuart Little when you speak him in Hadley's Harbor.—Bill Bowers

Our sailing with Richard on the Bay was memorable, and no doubt gave stuff to fuel his imagination, if not the genesis of the epic tale [The Mouse Whole]. His signed copy made for a delightful subsequent summer's reading a few years later, and is a treasured part of Iteration's library. My wife Linda's uncle Dick was a bright light in our lives, and we will miss his sparkle at family holidays. You certainly may share that happy memory of our sailing poet at large!—Bill Bowers

Eternal Testament
by Mike Burch

Richard, my friend,
they say it’s the end,
yet your words endure—
like hammered gold, pure.
And while there’s no use denying
the horror of dying
or the perils of living,
still there’s room for thanksgiving:
you overcame every pain.
Let your words remain.


"He made me laugh when he told me that he had some medical problems but none that was serious enough to suit him."—Ian Thornley, who visited Richard Moore after he made the decision to stop seeing his doctors and die on his own terms

"Dick Moore and I were classmates at Loomis School in Windsor Ct where we were boarders for four years most of which were during World War II. We spent many hours talking about the ways of the world. He questioned the world: I was more of a conformist trying to please. We played chess and both wrote poetry.  Then we both were accepted at Yale and were classmates for another four years. At Yale our paths seldom crossed and I cannot explain why. I guess we simply found different friends. Over the years we have kept in touch via the Loomis Chaffee School alumni magazine, occasionally writing to each other to comment on what one had learned about the other from the blurbs in the class notes. Dick encouraged me to work on my poetry and I enjoyed reading his. I never made a commitment to poetry but he most certainly did. In recent years we emailed about a visit but we never got together. We have lost a very fine, penetrating mind which could see through sham and pretense, but also had a whimsical side. He was one of a kind. I am so sorry to hear of his passing."—Dave Burnham

A Critical Appreciation of the Work of Richard Moore
by Art Mortensen

I have talked too much already. Reader, what you have found in these poems, if anything, is as surely in them as what I find. I am but a reader of them now myself. I have lived since. The person who wrote them is a stranger.

                                                Richard Moore
                                                Postscript to Empires

Had you taken his appearance to heart, the enormous white beard, the wiry, thin body, the poor teeth, the starting eyes, and the frequent complaints about age, you might have begun to mourn Richard Moore decades ago. But, you would have missed the man altogether. Long before this writer met him, the poet had reconceptualized himself as an old man. (This is from testimony of a number of his colleagues.) One of his very oldest friends once suggested that Richard began to play King Lear when he was forty-five, not as a tragic posture, but as a comic one. And, in conversation long after, Moore told this writer that tragedy was a perspective impossible in a world whose only abiding faith, and where the only evidence to support it, was found in the material. And, in the same conversation, the poet, ever a fine critic as well, suggested that an honest reading of King Lear would show the author presenting much the same point of view in 1608. Richard would offer these sage, impromptu essays for those who didn’t get it, usually with a twinkle in his eye, and a reinforcing quotation at length from the tens of thousands of lines of other people’s poetry he held in memory, or from his own. Reading Moore, you can’t miss that of course. Even in his most serious and lengthy pieces, whether The Mouse Whole, Empires, the sonnet sequences or the elegies, the Dedekind cut between the darkest of comedies and tragedy is never crossed. Richard didn’t believe in that.

And yet Moore didn’t compensate for that sensibility by surrounding himself with luxury, what Fitzgerald described as the best revenge. The old Victorian he lived in, while fundamentally sound in structure and its various systems, as you’d expect a New Englander’s house to be kept, was a nightmare for anyone who didn’t take delight from its eclectic collections of broken down equipment, oddball sculptures, scattered books, an unkempt yard, unmatched and, one suspected, found furniture, and floors some of which looked as though they hadn’t been scrubbed in half a century. For Richard, such compensations, common in any neighbor's house, were for him just more, unnecessary illusions. But, who went to that house to reflect on Richard’s material status?

What was real for him lay in the abstractions exacted from his long love and study of geometry, the complexities of prosody, and the ineffable surprises of rhyme—in both his own and many others’ work. And there was a complementary order in that house. It wasn’t hard to find. He would always show it to a guest, whether in the many, neatly stacked boxes in his tiny study, each filled with carefully numbered and dated poems and essays, or in the solitary room he set aside for preparing submissions, as well-supplied as a company office’s mailroom. To publish a thousand poems, and eleven books, especially nowadays, requires order not only in producing the work, but also in cataloging it and getting it out the door.

And there was that wonderfully ordered mind. Moore often angered people with his tart remarks, but he probably couldn’t help himself. He could smoke out fakery a mile away. If you flubbed your logic, or argued off the point, or misquoted, or in general transmitted stupid ideas to Richard, his eyes would glitter, and he’d make it clear that you should try another tack, or investigate another subject.

All of that is gone, or soon will be, as he would not hesitate to tell anyone who suggested otherwise. But we still have the finest of his orders: the poems and essays. The usual course after a poet’s death is for the work to vanish from critical and public view for a quarter of a century or more, as if there were something slightly unseemly about enjoying a poem by someone who had just died. That’s a ritual best ignored in the case of Richard Moore. Now is the best time to enjoy those poems and essays, whether again, or for the first time.—Arthur Mortensen

Many Mansions
by C.B. Anderson

I’d grown accustomed to being offered toothsome creations in the epigrammatic style, with their extreme compression, gnomic wit, and improbable rhymes. But little did I know that I had only been sampling the hors d’oeuvres. And it was a skewed sample, since I was late to ante up in the Great Game. I’m not the least bit ashamed to admit that Richard Moore called my bluff with the full house he had drawn, and I’ll never complain about being served a lavish dinner that would satiate even the most intemperate glutton. The poems that slaked my appetite and left me owing him the ranch appear in The Raintown Review (Volume 6 Issue 1, February 2007). Inside are a canzone and two other poems of Moore's which, to the best of my knowledge, are nonce forms, all with stanzas that loom on the page like Gothic mansions. These structures are spacious, inhabited by arresting images, and imbued with a vatic seriousness. For example, from “The Swarm”:

              Blowflies explode from nowhere as I walk.
              The hot pavement below me glares like chalk.
                      Brown on the bleached cement,
              I spot the bit of filth from which they flew,
              crusted and dry, and poke it with my shoe,
                      and it shines wetly.  Intent
                      buzzings return, bent
                      in spirals on the food,
              or quick scribbles of shrinking amplitude,

              to the fruit, now impossible to find
              under its fly-thick, greenly nervous rind.

I think you get the idea: Density, served raw in vasty parlors.

Even gamblers need to eat occasionally, and every sailor who plies the noosphere should look forward to the prospect of an equable mooring.  Though he didn’t know me well—or at all, for that matter—Richard Moore nonetheless invited me to roam freely through the long hallways of his richly appointed habitation.

Thanking Seashells
by T. Merrill

for WS

He lives, beyond his life, in many
in many imagined things,

though only as speaker,
as one to whom it is possible only
to listen . . . and listen.

He never listens himself anymore,
his hearing having grown impaired;
never hears ceilings or floors

channeling rare selections
through a medium uniquely attuned
to whatever-the-matter's tongue;

no, he only broadcasts now,
a distant turbulence funneled
like wind through a conch—like ocean's

ferment echoed afar,
like some deeply inconsolable sound
from fathomable depths offshore.

[Tom Merrill was working on this poem at the time I learned of Richard Moore's death, and had emailed me a copy, and while the poem is not about Richard it reminded me of Richard, so I asked Tom if I could use the poem for this memorial page and he graciously agreed.—Mike Burch]

"I just read Moore's essay 'Pain and Death' and found it touching. I hope it somehow worked out for him the way he was hoping, no hospitals, surgeons, knives or opiates, and most importantly no misery. I agree with Caesar—"sudden" is best. ... I'm saddened by Moore's death; he was always part of my poetry landscape, one of the old guard I suppose one could say, like Snodgrass, whom I also miss without ever having known him. I wish they were both still part of the active conversation. Both good men, both, alas, gone forever."—Tom Merrill

"I'm not sure how it is that you have found me through my current e-mail address, but I am glad of it. Strangely, I have, for some time, considered getting in touch with Richard Moore (through the e-mail address provided in The Deronda Review) regarding several of his recent longer poems that impressed me greatly. They reminded me of some of W.D. Snodgrass's best work. Unfortunately, communicating with living colleagues is not the work I am best at, which seems to be a recurrent theme in the story of my life. Anyway, for what it's worth to the living or the dead, I would like to post the tribute poem that appears below. Also, since I happen to live near Boston, I would like to know the details of the December 3 memorial service that will take place there."— C.B. Anderson, in a letter to THT editor Mike Burch

Forever Moore
by C.B. Anderson

Too wry by half,
he bade me drink
his verbal tea
straight from the pitcher.
He made me laugh
and made me think,
and there I'd be,
a maxim richer.

From staples to
the kitchen sink...,
his words attest
a hardware store!
Obliged to chew,
I sense a wink
when I digest
a trope from Moore.

Letter from a Poet
by Mary Rae

For Richard Moore

The letter came adorned with just one stamp
with cancellation showing where the thought
of you first lit his mind and made him plot
his course: he drew some paper near a lamp,
then grasped the pen that, in his steady hand,
could not be anything but orderly.
He could have sent an email off for free,
but felt, perhaps, what few would understand,
that there was life in paper and a pen;
not DNA, but bounties of intent.
And when he wrote of Catullus or Swift,
his ink would pool in seas beyond your ken,
and islands where he cut his mind adrift
would float across an age—the letter sent.

"It is a difficult thing for this community of poets and friends to lose someone like Richard Moore. His writing was clean-edged and direct, yet could disarm you with humor and moments of deep tenderness. This was a man we all wanted to know better. I don’t think there is anyone here who hadn’t hoped to meet Richard, or to see more of him; who hadn’t wished to begin a correspondence, or to receive just one more letter, full of wit and sobering kindness. I never met Richard in person, although we had intended to get together in Virginia where my family lived; but our plans never coincided. Going through the handful of letters that were part of our correspondence when I was editor of Romantics Quarterly, I came across a letter from 2004 in which Richard wrote, with his characteristic clarity: 'Life is short, and seems to keep getting shorter.' But I never imagined it wouldn’t be long enough for me to meet him."—Mary Rae, poet and former editor of Romantics Quarterly

Mary Rae also graciously provided us with the poem below, originally published in The Epigrammatist, which Richard Moore had mailed to her:

Catullus, V
(in the meter of the original)
by Richard Moore

Live, live, Lesbia, O, and take our loving.
Talk, tales, cackles of our severer fogies,
all their "values" let's value at a penny.
Old suns setting and rising when they're able . . .
round us, once it has set, our brief, our own light,
night comes always together then for sleeping.
Give me kisses. A thousand. Then a hundred.
One more thousand. And then a second hundred.
Cram time full with the thousands we'll be making,
all mixed up, so that we won't know how many—
not some evil-eyed dotard curse us, counting
just how many we've got stashed up in kisses.

Side by Side with Richard Moore
by Edmund Conti

When Light came in the door
I looked for my poems first
Then on to Richard Moore
To see whom he had cursed.

Those who gained from capital gains.*
General Custer’s nagging wife.**
Sometimes Doers gave him pains.***
Ecologists, too, would get the knife.****

I read them, thought, Hey, that’s not right.
Where’s the fun, the joy? Forsooth!
What’s Moore? It wasn’t always Light
But it always was the truth.

*Light No. 48
** Light 36-37
***Light 31
****Light 49

On the Ascension of Richard Moore
by John Mella

Richard Moore!
I follow your spoor
Across the wasted landscapes—
Where the Muses sung,
And the beetles (dung)
Play their rollicking poisonous sand tapes!

Dear Richard Moore,
This rhyme’s a bore,
But your name’s among the immortals!
With Dante’s chaff
To make you laugh,
You’ll swing open those heavenly portals!

"I've encountered Richard Moore's work only on The HyperTexts, and I like all that I've seen there. On the strength of Moore’s poetry, and the strength of five sentences in his essay "On Rhyme," I have just ordered three of his books. These five sentences state in a nutshell the reason for rhyme, and the reason 21st century poetry will eventually return to it, unless I miss my guess. Here they are: '[T]he very difficulty of finding rhymes in English is an important reason for them. Art thrives on difficulty. The audience (if there is one) delights when the poet, like the impossible archer, hits the mark. What effortless grace! Such deeds seem beyond human skill.' Perhaps that's because they are the fruit of working deeply in meter and rhyme—and they are."—Leland Jamieson

"I'm sorry to learn that Richard Moore has left the Earth. I have no doubt that he will create his own mischief and wonder, wherever he goes now."—Ursula T. Gibson

When someone who has touched your life
leaves this Earth to find out more than we know,
the sadness grips us briefly, but then
we realize the opportunity to know EVERYthing
will be welcomed and utilized quite well.

Ursula T. Gibson, in memory of Richard Moore

Farewell, Far Voyager
by Mike Burch

Richard, I wonder:
in the great blue yonder
does the boy whose pockets
with worms
hear the thunder
and eye the sockets
where bizarre lightning forms . . .
and understand Storms?

Richard, be well
beyond heaven and hell,
if there’s an iota of grace
and touch God’s face.

"When I think of my friend Richard Moore, I will always remember the boy with worms in his pockets (perhaps because he identified with them, perhaps because he believed even worms deserve defenders) who overcame legions of obstacles to become one of America's foremost writers and scholars. Perhaps a greater wonder than my poem’s would be for God to wonderingly touch Richard’s face."—Mike Burch

As we begin to wrap up this page, please allow me to offer a few poems of Richard's in his own remembrance . . .

The Conquest

A curious place you found finally to please our senses
after the Continent had witnessed your defenses,

to lead me up that hill where daws and eagles roost
above that town where holy pageants are produced,

as if you'd show me all the kingdoms of the world.
The sun licked over swells of skyline; darkness curled

its long exploring shadows through the waiting hills.
Winds blew, and I lay helpless in the evening's chills.

You were untouched....What could I do there, face-to-face
with countries watching me, and sky, and wordless space

as empty as this solitude in which I live?
Your silence said, "If they are you, what can you give

of them? Those shadow kingdoms in you? Watch them pass!
Can all that space find one white body in the grass?"

Then over a carved table later on that night,
I looked into your face, subdued, saddened, and white,

and was uncomfortable, and became almost cross,
stiff, like a mourner, mourning primly his great loss.

Poem about Vietnam that Didn't Suit Anybody at the Time

The very skies grow soiled and clammy.
Autumn has come to 1967.
Thunderous Yellowbirds climb south to Miami,
the shrill vacuum cleaners of Heaven.

The ducks rise up in careless ranks
and disappear into the Great Beyond;
I stand where shrinking water bares its banks
and skip flat stones across the pond.

Lyndon is in his great white mansion;
peace-loving students storm the Pentagon.
I stay right here, coiled up inside my scansion,
while all these dreadful things go on.

Lyndon, no matter how adept,
no matter how proficient the machine,
the floor of Heaven still remains unswept,
there are some things we cannot clean.

There is a destiny that fails.
Asia has felt the heal of our empire,
clung to the heel, sucked out the shiny nails
(such is the virtue of a mire),

and now the boot is falling off;
I think the white and naked toes grow fungal;
I do not think our minds will ever doff
what they put on in Asia's jungle.

I hear a mother's anxious tears
who supplicates her decorated hero
to throw away that nasty bag of ears
that she found, cleaning out his bureau.

The dandelions that rule my lawn
are difficult to search out and destroy;
their buried roots remain, and when I'm gone
new seedlings secretly deploy.

Good weed killer, dumped on en masse,
Lyndon, I hope will work with greater ease—
distinguishing intruders from true grass—
on dandelions than Vietnamese.

Though rioters shall feel the rod
and half the banks in Texas feed you profit,
though you have Sunday-breakfasted with God
and Billy Graham, His hired prophet,

Lyndon, things haven't gone so well
for you, for me, and for this hectic Nation.
You've worked too hard. Why not go home now, sell
the ranch, the banks, the TV station,

and join me here beside the pond,
pitching these skipping stones? Catastrophe
will come, need not be wrested, begged, nor conned.
It needs no help from you or me.

Forget the poor and how they house;
forget the protocol, the Paris gowns;
watch how the clever stone skips, skips, then plows
so gracefully before it drowns.


were horses, ta-ta her first word
for her dark faeces, when through hay and heather
toddling, we stopped to see, as dry as leather,
a heap of lumps, a hummock of horse turd;
and, Da? she questioned, who had only heard
meaningless names till then—when like a feather
a thought struck and I put her words together,
not once daring to hope for what occurred:
she stood there, silent, puzzled, open-eyed,
as if I'd handed her some shiny token,
then, Gee-gee ta-ta...gee-gee ta-ta! cried,
as if a shell surrounding her had broken,
and shouted still, till all the hills replied—
till the dark hills surrounding us had spoken.


Patience! Her disposition may get sweeter
after her daily liter.
She grows talkative, gay, loses her cares
and footing on the stairs.
I watch, hoping she'll fall and bust her kisser,
forgetting how I'd miss her.

Yet Another Apology

Why's he so cutting, ironic, unkind,
like those bitter old pagans of Greece?
"A positive mind is a turbulent mind."
My negative mind is at peace.

More or Less
by Michael R. Burch

for Richard Moore

Less is more —
in a dress, I suppose,
and in intimate clothes
like crotchless hose.

But now Moore is less
due to death’s subtraction
and I must confess:
I hate such redaction!

Richard Moore was capable of what Keats called "negative capability." In closing, although we need never close the book on Richard Moore and his work, there were a few "mystical moments" (or were they "misty-eyed" moments?) as I worked on this page into the wee hours of several mornings, and I'd like to describe what happened for readers who may be interested in such things. Albert Einstein said God reveals himself through coincidence. From the day Richard died, on November 8, 2009, to the day I finished the first iteration of this page, I had a number of what I call "harmonic convergences." I have an aunt who calls them "God incidences." I'm not sure what we mean anymore when we say "God"—a sometimes benevolent Man in the sky who turns into the Devil and sentences human beings to an "eternal hell" whenever priests and pastors want money and more baptisms seems increasingly unlikely, and not someone I'd like to encounter myself—but it does seem at times that we are all "connected" somehow, and that things sometimes seem to happen with some degree of rhyme and reason, although the ultimate reason remains unfathomable . . . unless, as the mystics of all religions claim, we are like the individual waves that rise from a great sea of Unity. I've never had such a revelation myself, but poets like Whitman and Rumi did, and mystics like Julien of Norwich, who claimed to have heard the voice of God say, "All shall be well, and all manner of things shall be well." While it's quite a leap from the harmonic convergences I experienced to Universal Nirvana, still one can live in hope, so I will mention them for anyone interested in the "ripples" or "wake" (pardon the pun) my friend Richard Moore may have left with his passing . . .

Before I learned of Richard's death, I had a very vivid dream. He and I were playing pool together. I was attempting a very difficult shot, which involved leaping the cue ball from one table to hit the head of a small nail positioned on another table some distance away. I took the shot and believed I had succeeded, but when Richard examined the evidence, he was unconvinced. At the end of my dream, he was screwing his pool stick together, presumably to execute the shot himself. I have a "sense" of what this dream may "mean" and if anything happens, I will mention the results here and in the Current & Back Issues section of THT.

The two longest poems published by THT to date, by a longshot, are Richard Moore's "The Mouse Whole" and Ian Thornley's "Song of a Sun of Light." Ian had visited Richard Moore three times, and being a doctor who works with terminal patients, had been able to discuss the end-of-life process with Richard. As I updated THT after Richard's death, but before I learned about it, I noticed that the two poems are exactly the same size: 355KB. That seems like a remarkable coincidence, but I only noticed it after Richard's death.

I am normally quite coordinated, but as I was walking down a flight of stairs to my office, some Diet Coke splashed out of a nearly empty can I was carrying, and sloshed on a pile of books heaped on the steps. When I bent down to examine the damage, I didn't find any coke, but I did find a copy of Richard's first book of poetry, A Question of Survival. Was Richard or the Universe somehow suggesting that I do something with the book? On the back of the book I found a prophecy by May Swenson: "There should be no question of survival—for either the man or the book." I found this comforting, and wondered if Richard might have wanted this prophetic blurb published on his memorial page.

A poet asked me for the email address of a poet whose initials are R. W. (I assume this other poet was someone close to Richard Moore). When I glanced down at my file list, although their last names would have kept them apart, I had created their files with their first names followed by underscores, so they appeared side-by-side on my screen.

Although I own a software company and send and receive hundreds of emails weekly with few problems, I was unable to receive emails for Richard Moore's literary executor. So we had to "conduct our business" on Facebook, which means we left a public record of our discussions about Richard, which therefore means that more people may read about his memorial service, and this online memorial.

After Richard died, but before I learned of his death, Tom Merrill emailed me his poem "Thanking Seashells" (which now appears on this page) and it reminded me of Richard's poems about empty houses by thundering seas (and particularly of his poem "Depths," which appears on his THT poetry page). And Tom's lines about a hearing impaired poet growing deaf to his own ceilings and doors made me think of Richard with his deteriorating body, facing death in his ramshackle deteriorating mansion. While Tom was not consciously thinking of Richard Moore when he wrote his poem, his poem certainly "converged" with my thoughts about Richard and his mansion close to the sea in Boston.

Mike Burch

The HyperTexts