The HyperTexts

Weird Baseball Facts and Trivia
Strange but True Baseball Stories


This page contains some of the weirdest "strange but true" baseball trivia. For instance, you can discover the answer to questions like "Which two hall-of-fame pitchers played with the Harlem Globetrotters?" and "Why was it necessary to put a man on the moon in order for a weak-hitting pitcher to finally hit a home run?" Or how about, "Which first baseman was such a notoriously terrible fielder that 30,000 fans once gave him a standing ovation for catching a stray hotdog wrapper?" 

On August 17, 1957, future hall-of-fame centerfielder Richie Ashburn of the Philadelphia Phillies hit spectator Alice Roth with a foul ball, breaking her nose. As Roth was being carried off the field on a stretcher, Ashburn hit her with another foul ball, breaking another bone in her knee. The odds of a fan being hit by a baseball are 300,000 to 1. The odds of the same fan being hit twice during the same at-bat, and breaking bones both times, are beyond astronomical.

Dave Winfield, a hall-of-fame outfielder playing for the Yankees at the time, was arrested in 1983 for killing a seagull with a thrown ball. The police officer who arrested him and fans who witnessed the event claimed that Winfield hit the bird deliberately. But Yankees manager Billy Martin questioned whether Winfield possessed the necessary accuracy: "Cruelty to animals? That's the first time he hit the cut-off man all year!"

A young boy named Tim Smith had Tug McGraw's baseball card taped to his bedroom wall. One day he found his birth certificate and learned that Tug McGraw was his father. The boy then changed his last name. He grew up to become country music superstar Tim McGraw.

Did you know that Babe Ruth once threw a perfect game? Well, sorta. During a 1917 game against the Washington Senators, Ruth was the starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. Ruth walked the first batter, argued vehemently with home plate umpire Brick Owens, slugged him, and got ejected. Ruth's replacement, Ernie Shore, promptly picked off the runner on first base, then retired the next 26 batters, finishing baseball's wildest and most improbable "perfect game." But if the keen-eyed Ruth was correct that the first batter shouldn't have been awarded first base, it really was a perfect game!

Was the greatest pitching duel in World Series history between two pitchers with oddly effeminate names? In the 1916 World Series, Sherry Smith gave up only one run in 13 innings. The opposing pitcher was Babe Ruth, who gave up a run in the first, but redeemed himself by driving in the tying run and pitching a shutout the rest of the way. The Red Sox made Ruth the winning pitcher by scratching out a second run in the bottom of the 14th inning.

Or was the greatest pitching duel in World Series history between two studly behemoths? As his nickname suggests, Hippo Vaughn was a monster for his era, standing 6-4 and weighing well over 200 pounds. He won the pitching triple crown in 1918, leading the NL in wins, ERA and strikeouts. But he was outdueled in the World Series by another behemoth: Babe Ruth, who stood 6-2 and weighed ... well, a lot, depending on how many hot dogs and how many alcoholic beverages he'd consumed that day. Ruth's weight has been estimated to have ranged from 215-255 pounds. Hall of Famer Harry Hooper, who played with Ruth on the Red Sox, said that two things set Ruth apart: he could hit a baseball farther than anyone else, and he could eat more than anyone else. But that Ruth fella was a helluva pitcher too, perhaps the best in World Series history. He shut out the Cubs and the Red Sox won 1-0.

By 1925, Babe Ruth had become so overweight and ill that he experienced "the bellyache heard 'round the world." At age 30, he didn't just seem to be washed up; he seemed to be dying. In fact, The London Evening News reported his death in an obituary which said that due to his portliness Ruth wore braces (suspenders) rather than a belt and this had "started the fashion for braces in the U.S." Canadian papers also announced the Babe's death. While Ruth wasn't dead, he seemed to be well on his way. The Bambino collapsed on a train and because he was so large, a hole had to be cut into the car before medics could extract him. He had three convulsive attacks while on the stretcher and it took six men to hold him down. Ruth did eventually recover, after missing much of the 1925 season. The day he returned to the lineup, a young teammate broke into the Yankee lineup. His name was Lou Gehrig and he started his streak of 2,130 consecutive games played that very same day. Ruth would go on to play at an ultra-high level till age 39, defying all the rules of "proper nutrition" and―seemingly―physics. He and Gehrig would become the most "offensive" duo in the history of major league baseball.

Babe Ruth was the greatest power hitter in World Series history, with 15 homers in 167 plate appearances (Mickey Mantle had 18, but it took him more than 100 additional plate appearances). But Ruth may have also been the best pitcher in World Series history, with a 3-0 record and a miniscule .87 ERA. He pitched 29 2/3 scoreless innings, a World Series record that would stand for 42 years.

Yogi Berra inspired the name of the famous cartoon character Yogi Bear. Their names became irretrievably linked, to the extent that when Yogi Berra died, the Associated Press announced the death of Yogi Bear to newspapers around the world! (Honest to God, no one can make these things up!) So how did Lawrence Peter Berra come to be called "Yogi" in the first place? Was he really a swami? No, but he used to sit cross-legged in the on-deck circle. One of his friends started calling him "Yogi" and the nickname stuck.

Billy Herman had a real "knockout" introduction to major league baseball. It was kinda like the old Tony Orlando and Dawn song: "Knock Three Times." In his first big league at-bat, Herman knocked the ball into home plate. The plate knocked the ball back. The boomeranging ball then knocked Herman out, cold! But Herman recovered and went on to become a star second baseman and a member of the Hall of Fame. He still holds the NL record for put-outs by a second baseman and his .433 batting average in ten all-star games remains the NL's highest ever.

Moon Shots and Spitballs

Gaylord Perry was a notoriously weak hitter. For seven major league seasons and over 300 plate appearances, he failed to hit a single dinger. San Francisco Giants manager Alvin Dark joked with reporters, saying: "They'll put a man on the moon before Gaylord Perry hits a home run!" Then on July 20, 1969, a matter of minutes after Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon, Gaylord Perry hit his first major league home run! Was it written in the stars, perhaps? Or are we in the Twilight Zone?

But even Gaylord Perry had nothing on Bartolo Colon, who hit his first-ever home run when he was 42 years, 349 days old! No major leaguer had ever waited until such an advanced age to hit his first dinger. "You could tell it was his first home run," quipped Jimmy Fallon, "because at each base, he stopped to ask directions to the next one." Unfamiliar territory indeed!

Colon was also the oldest major leaguer to earn his first walk, which he did at the ripe young age of 43! In 521 major league games, Colon managed to walk exactly once, raising his career OBP to a scintillating .095! In 316 career plate appearances, Colon has one walk and one home run ... but he is rapidly improving!

Speaking of "moon shots," Lefty Gomez helped baffled scientists identify one: "When Neil Armstrong first set foot on the moon, he and all the space scientists were puzzled by an unidentifiable white object. I knew immediately what it was. That was a home-run ball hit off me in 1937 by Jimmie Foxx!" In 1937, Foxx hit a ball into the third deck of the left-field stands at Yankee Stadium, a very rare feat because of the distance and angle of the stands. Gomez was the pitcher that day, and when he was asked how far the ball traveled, he said, "I don't know, but I do know it took somebody 45 minutes to go up there and get it back!" The big fish tale apparently grew and grew until it reached lunar proportions!

Getting back to Gaylord Perry ... in a roundabout way he helped create the TV show Cheers. In 1971, Perry was traded for "Sudden" Sam McDowell, a flame-throwing pitcher and 1970 Sporting News Player of the Year. After the trade, McDowell's career tanked, while Perry went on to win two Cy Young awards and make the Hall of Fame. When McDowell retired, his strikeout rate of 8.86 per nine innings was second only to Nolan Ryan and Sandy Koufax. McDowell later admitted that his "flameout" was due to abuse of alcohol, amphetamines and barbiturates. Eventually, McDowell's life became the model for Ted Danson's party-boy character Sam Malone, so "cheers" to Gaylord Perry. (But Sam McDowell still insists that he was better with the ladies than Sam Malone!)

Gaylord Perry was widely known for doctoring baseballs throughout his career, which led former manager Gene Mauch to say: "He should be in the Hall of Fame with a tube of K-Y Jelly attached to his plaque." Despite his checkered reputation (or perhaps because of it), Perry finished his career with 314 wins, 3,534 strikeouts and a 3.11 ERA. Other famous (or infamous) spitballers include Preacher Roe (the Beech-Nut slider), Joe Niekro (caught red-handed on the mound with an emery board and sandpaper), Tommy John ("the elegant Rhett Butler of outlaws"), Jay Howell (pine tar) and Kenny Rogers (dirt). Perhaps the two "baddest" pitchers were Whitey Ford (who "cheated" by scuffing balls with his wedding ring) and squeaky-clean choirboy Orel Hershiser (who, true to his pristine image, used water!).

The spitball was outlawed in 1920, but it was "grandfathered" in for known spitballers who were active at the time. So who threw baseball's last legal spitball? Burleigh Grimes (slippery elm) on September 10, 1934. Ol' Stubblebeard, as Grimes was called, won 270 games and was pretty fair hitter (for a pitcher) with a career .248 average and 168 RBI.

In his very first at-bat, future Hall of Fame knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm hit a home run. His career lasted 21 more years and 493 plate appearances, but he never hit another homer. Wilhelm is also unusual because he didn't debut as a rookie until he was 29 years old, but then played to age 49. He retired with 143 wins, 228 saves and a gaudy 2.52 ERA. Oh, and that one freakish homer to go with his career .088 batting average!

Okay, there is something very fishy about these knuckleballers and their solo career homers! In 1976, Joe Niekro hit his one and only MLB home run. But it seems very fishy because the pitcher who served up the gopher ball was another knuckleballer ... his brother Phil!

Who were the last brothers to lead a league in wins? Who was the last pitcher to lead a league in wins and losses in the same season? It's those weird knuckleballers again! In 1979, Phil Niekro went 21-20 for the Atlanta Braves, leading the league in both wins and losses. The same year his brother Joe went 21-11 for the Houston Astros, tying Phil for the NL wins title!

Who is the best starting pitcher of all time according to the ERA+ statistic? ERA+ adjusts ERAs to account for differences in eras (please pardon the pun!). According to ERA+, Clayton Kershaw is the best starting pitcher of all time, with an astronomical 161. But here come those weird knuckleballers again, because Hoyt Wilhem is tied with Walter Johnson for sixth place with an utterly stellar 147, comfortably ahead of pitching luminaries like Roger Clemens, Cy Young, Christy Mathewson, Pete Alexander, Whitey Ford, Randy Johnson and Sandy Koufax!

Okay, here's a very tricky question. Walter Johnson is generally considered to be the greatest pitcher of all time. His career ERA was a miniscule 2.167. Clayton Kershaw's career ERA is currently 2.363. Which two Hall-of-Fame pitchers will Kershaw have to pass in order to catch the Big Train? Here's a hint: the first HOF pitcher is Eddie Plank, with a brilliant 2.350 ERA. So who's the other? None other than Babe Ruth, with a glittering career ERA of 2.277! And while Kershaw could conceivably catch the Bambino in the pitching stats, it seems safe to say that Kershaw won't challenge Ruth's batting stats anytime soon. Kershaw has a whopping 6 OPS+ and one homer in ten seasons.

Now, back to moon shots! Babe Ruth certainly knew how to go out with a bang. Make that a triple bang, because his last three hits were all home runs! Oh, and his very last home run was the first ever to leave Pittsburgh’s venerable Forbes Field and remains the longest drive ever hit there (eternally, since the park has been replaced). It was 1935 and a 40-year-old Babe Ruth was playing for the Braves against the homestanding Pittsburg Pirates. In the first inning, batting against Red Lucas, Ruth lofted career home run number 712 into the right field stands to give the Braves a quick 2-0 lead. Ruth then hit another two-run blast, number 713, in the third inning off Guy Bush. In the fifth, Ruth hit a RBI single off Bush. But the Pirates clawed back to take a 7-5 lead. With Bush still pitching, Ruth came up with the bases empty in the seventh. "By now the home crowd was solidly on the Bambino's side and rooted enthusiastically for more of his old magic." The Babe obliged by slamming home run number 714. This blast bettered the Babe's earlier efforts by "majestically clearing Forbes Field’s right field roof—for the first time in the ballpark's 26-year history." Once again, Ruth had gone where no man had gone before. After rounding the bases in a somewhat heavier version of his classic trot, Babe saluted the fans with a tipped cap, then excused himself from the game. Access to the visiting clubhouse was through the Pittsburgh dugout. On his way out, Ruth briefly plopped down at the end of the bench and told rookie Pirate pitcher Mace Brown, "Boy, that last one felt good!" Two weeks later the Babe retired, but we can always remember him by that last, magnificent parting shot. (Someone will undoubtedly discover the ball on Venus or Mars one day!)

So who hit the longest "moon shot" of all time? In 1953, Mickey Mantle hit a mammoth blast against Chuck Stobbs of the Senators, in Washington's Griffith Stadium. The Yankees' Arthur "Red" Patterson estimated the distance of the home run at 565 feet. He allegedly used a tape measure to determine the exact distance of the home run, giving birth to the term "tape-measure shot." Ironically, the 21-year-old Mantle was almost declared out because he put his head down to avoid "showing up" the pitcher and almost passed Billy Martin on the basepaths (Mantle was very fast and Martin was lollygagging).

But wait a minute! Apparently, Mantle was just getting warmed up! He is said to have also hit home runs of 620, 630, 643, 650 and 656 feet. Beginning with the blast in Washington, Mantle "went on a tear of longball hitting the likes of which had never been seen." Long distance homers became a topic of animated conversation. During one game Yankees hall-of-fame catcher Bill Dickey was arguing that Babe Ruth and Jimmy Foxx had both hit balls farther than the Mick. After Mantle hit one of his gargantuan blasts in that game, Dickey did a complete about-face: "Forget what I just said. I've never seen a ball hit that hard!"

Mickey Mantle himself said that the hardest ball he ever hit came on May 22, 1963 at Yankee Stadium. Mantle was leading off in the bottom of the 11th, with the score tied 7-7. A's pitcher Bill Fischer tried to blow a fastball past him. Bad idea. Mantle stepped into the pitch with perfect timing, met the ball with the sweet spot of his bat, and hit it with everything he had (which was a lot of toned muscle.) The sound of the bat colliding with the ball has been likened to a cannon shot. The players on both benches jumped to their feet. Yogi Berra shouted, "That's it!" The ball rose in a majestic laser-like drive, rocketing into the night toward the farthest confines of Yankee Stadium. The question was never whether it was a home run or not. The question was whether this was going to be the first ball ever hit out of Yankee Stadium. That it had the height and distance was obvious. But would it clear the façade, the decoration on the front side of the roof above the third deck in right-field? Even Mantle was mesmerized: "I usually didn't care how far the ball went so long as it was a  home run. But this time I thought, 'This ball could go out of  Yankee Stadium!'" Just as the ball was about to leave the park, it struck the façade mere inches from the top with such ferocity that it bounced all the way back to the infield. That the homer had won the game was merely an afterthought. The Mick had just missed making history. It was the closest a ball has ever come to going out of Yankee Stadium in a regular season game. Later, it was estimated that the ball would have traveled 734 feet if it hadn't hit the façade.

In 1961, Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth's record for hitting the most home runs in a season, with 61. That's an interesting coincidence, because if we flip over the 19 in 1961, we have three matching 61's! Now here's a test of your baseball trivia powers. In 1961, Maris had 61 homers, 141 RBI, 366 total bases and slugged .620. That's one of the greatest power-hitting seasons in MLB history! So how many times was Maris walked intentionally in 1961? Hey, no cheating! If you scroll down past the REVENGE OF BASEBALL'S BEAN COUNTERS article, you can find the answer. But please take an honest guess first! Here's a clue: When Mark McGwire broke Maris's record in 1998, he had 28 intentional walks. Here's another clue: When Barry Bonds broke McGwire's record in 2001, he had 35 intentional walks. If you come within 5 of the correct answer, you can declare yourself a winner!

Only two players in the history of major league baseball have made the exclusive 30-30 Club five times. The first to do it was Bobby Bonds. Who was the second? His son, Barry Bonds! The power-speed genes obviously run in that family!

Hey, Philadelphia is supposed to be the city of brotherly love! So how did nearby rival Pittsburgh replace Philly in brotherly affection? Well, in the eighth inning of a game at Pittsburg on September 15, 1963, for the first time in MLB history, three brothers played together in the same outfield! The brothers were Felipe, Jesus and Matty Alou.

On August 27, 2017 somehow Joey Votto faced 43 pitches without an official at-bat. In a game against the Pirates, the Reds star walked five times, and there was a lot of "foul" play involved! Votto walked on 11 pitches in his first plate appearance, then 11, then 9, then 6, then 6 again. At that point the pitchers' arms fell off, and the game was over! A quick scan of Votto's box score would have made it seem he didn't play at all: 0-0-0-0. But those fatigued Pirates pitchers nursing their sore arms could tell you otherwise!

Hank Aaron spent 23 years chasing Babe Ruth's all-time home run record, breaking it in his forties. But how old was Ruth when he broke the home run record? Incredibly, Ruth broke the all-time home run record in just his third full season as a hitter, at age 26! Roger Connor held the previous record, with 138 home runs in 18 seasons, for an average of 7.7 homers per season. When Ruth started hitting 50+ home runs per season, it didn't take him long to make mincemeat of Connor's record. Ruth ended up with 576 more homers than Connor, the previous home run king.

When Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ended in 1941, he immediately went on another 16-game spree. So Joltin' Joe had at least one hit in 72 of 73 games! Pete Rose had the second-longest hitting streak of the modern era, 44 games, in 1978. Since Rose's streak, no one has really come that close. Is the Yankee Clipper's record untouchable? Right now it certainly seems that way. But ironically the player who came closest to matching DiMaggio happened to also do it in 1941, and in the same league, no less! In 1941, Ted Williams had a streak of reaching base in 69 consecutive games. He hit .406 and that's the last time anyone crossed the magical .400 barrier for a complete season. How good was Teddy Ballgame? Well, in 1949 he reached base officially 84 games in a row, or over half the damn season! So the two greatest players of their era hold two very similar records. But wait ... the story isn't over yet! ... because in 1957 at the advanced age of 38, the Splendid Splinter had an on-base percentage of .526! So he was on base more than half the time, for an entire season! That's crazy ... for anyone else. But not for Williams, who finished with the highest career OBP in major league baseball history, a phenomenal .482. Thus, he was on base nearly every other at-bat for his entire freakin' career! And he also holds the record with 17 consecutive seasons with a .400 OBP or higher. But this may be the craziest stat of all: he only had one season with an OBP lower than .436, and that was when he was 40 years old! Oh, and the next season, at age 41, he was back up to .451! Now I understand what Williams was called The Greatest Hitter Who Ever Lived. He definitely earned it, if the goal of hitting is to get on base rather than make outs.

Here's another record―or more accurately, three records―that will probably never be broken. In 2004, Barry Bonds walked 232 times and 120 were intentional walks! That year Bonds had an otherworldly .609 on-base-percentage. Of course we now know that he was using PEDs. But it seems unlikely that anyone will approach those numbers in the future.

How on earth did Harvey Haddix manage to lose the best-pitched game in the history of major league baseball? And how did a perfect game turn into an utter farce? Pitching for the Pirates against a loaded Braves lineup in 1959, Haddix threw 12 innings of perfect baseball: 36 batters up, 36 batters out. But then in the unlucky 13th an error, sacrifice and intentional walk to Hank Aaron brought Joe Adcock to the plate with a runner in scoring position. Adcock hit a Kafkaesque out-of-the-park "double" and the perfect game was lost 1-0, with the strangest of all possible endings when Adcock passed Aaron celebrating on the basepaths and their runs were negated. Lew Burdette, the Milwaukee pitcher that day, later said: "I have to be the greatest pitcher who ever pitched, because I beat the guy who pitched the greatest game ever pitched!" (Ironically, Burdette had been the opposing pitcher when Haddix won his first big-league game.) Elroy Face, the first great Pirates reliever, also called it the best game ever pitched. Haddix stood only 5-9, weighed just 155 pounds and was nicknamed "the Kitten," so he seemed like an unlikely candidate to throw the most dominating game in MLB history. But he did. How? With pinpoint control. Haddix later explained: "I could have put a cup on either corner of the plate and hit it." Bill Mazeroski, the great defensive second baseman, called it the easiest game he ever played because there were no hard-hit balls or difficult outs. And yet the most perfect of games was lost. As Yogi Berra would say, "You could look it up." And we might add that fact really is stranger than fiction ... in baseball's Twilight Zone.

JOINED AT THE HIP, PART I: Mike Trout and Bryce Harper seem to be everyone's picks to become their generation's superstar sluggers. And when it comes to hitting homers, it looks to be a very close race! Mike Trout hit his 150th career home run when he was exactly 24 years and 295 days old. Bryce Harper also hit the 150th homer of his career at the exact age of 24 years and 295 days! But the player Trout most resembles—in looks as well as stats—is Mickey Mantle. Their age 25 numbers are remarkably similar and remarkably outstanding: OPS+ (174/173), slugging (.574/.569), and extra base hits (422/420). Furthermore, Trout and Mantle both collected their 999th hits in their 878th career games. 

JOINED AT THE HIP, PART II: Hank Aaron, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays were considered to be the three greatest outfielders of their day. They finished with virtually the same career slugging percentages: .555, .557 and .558 respectively. That's a difference of three thousandths of a whole number!

THE REVENGE OF BASEBALL'S BEAN COUNTERS: We've been told that Pete Rose is a "special case." But the Baseball Hall of Fame (HOF) is no hall of angels! Ty Cobb beat his son with a whip, got into bloody fights with umpires, honed his spikes to intimidate opponents, jumped into the stands to attack a disabled heckler, and told Al Stump: "In 1912—and you can write this down—I killed a man in Detroit." Is gambling baseball's unforgiveable sin? If so, Rogers Hornsby was sued by his bookie and was traded due to his heavy betting! Dizzy Dean, another heavy gambler, was an unindicted co-conspirator in a mob gambling case. Cap Anson, a "relentless" racist, refused to play with blacks and helped perpetuate the color barrier. Anson, Cobb and Hornsby were accused of belonging to the KKK. Ted Williams has been described as a misanthrope who refused to tip his cap to fans and would even spit at the stands! Juan Marichal clubbed John Roseboro over the head with a bat, opening a gash that required 14 stitches. Early Wynn, Don Drysdale and Bob Gibson were notorious headhunters. (Wynn said that he would knock down his own grandmother!). Babe Ruth, Mickey Mantle, Paul Waner and Hack Wilson were notorious drinkers accused of playing under the influence of alcohol. (Casey Stengel called Waner "graceful" because he could slide without breaking the liquor bottle in his hip pocket.) Tim "Rock" Raines lived up to his nickname by stashing a cocaine rock in his uniform. (He would slide headfirst to avoid breaking it.) Ferguson Jenkins was arrested with cocaine in his luggage. Orlando Cepeda did time for smuggling 150 pounds of pot. Gaylord Perry doctored baseballs, which he admitted in Me and the Spitter. George Brett famously cheated with pine tar, then had a tantrum when he was caught. Leo Durocher and Earl Weaver admitted instructing their players to cheat. Jim Palmer modeled underwear, for Chrissakes! Wade Boggs admitted being a sex addict. Kirby Puckett and Roberto Alomar were accused of domestic abuse. How many steroid users will eventually be enshrined in the Hall of Fame? How many amphetamine users are already in, since Willie Mays, Hank Aaron and many others have been linked to "greenies"? What did Pete Rose do to warrant eternal damnation, really? He bet on his own team, is that so terrible? Why not let him be where he belongs, with other stars who were judged strictly by their performance on the field!


TRIVIA ANSWER: In 1961, when Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth's record for hitting the most home runs in a season, he had ZERO intentional walks. How is that possible? Well, he had Mickey Mantle hitting behind him, and that year Mantle hit 54 homers and slugged .687 with an astronomical 206 OPS+. The numbers don't lie ... as great as Maris was in 1961, Mantle was even better! And opposing pitchers confirmed it.

Here's another baseball trivia question: Name the pitcher with the best-ever winning percentage against the New York Yankees (minimum 15 wins). Hint: the lefthander in question was a 20-game winner twice, with a lifetime .671 winning percentage and an utterly stellar 2.28 career ERA that remains the 16th-best of all-time, just a few ticks below Walter Johnson and well ahead of Sandy Koufax, Tom Seaver, Bob Gibson, Pedro Martinez, Chris Sale, Roger Clemens, Nolan Ryan and Randy Johnson. Give up? The pitcher was Babe Ruth, who dominated the Yankees with a 17-5 record and .773 winning percentage … while pitching for the Boston Red Sox! No wonder the Yankees wanted to get the Babe in pinstripes! They couldn't win otherwise! As the Baseball Roundtable put it: "Iconic and ironic!"

Award Weirdness

We will start this wonderfully weird section with our third and last trivia question. How is this even possible? Which hall-of-fame pitcher won 20 or more games a staggering 15 times, but never once won the Cy Young Award? What a travesty! Here's a hint: He had a glittering career ERA of 2.63, just a few ticks behind the poetic duo of Noodles Hahn and Hippo Vaughn. Give up? Well, of course it was Cy Young himself!

There are some questionable members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, perhaps none more questionable than catcher Rick Ferrell, who was not even the best player in his immediate family! Rick Ferrell finished his career with only 29.8 WAR, a .363 slugging percentage and a less-than-stellar OPS+ of 95. Wes Ferrell was a pitcher whose 61.6 WAR vastly eclipsed his brother's. And according to baseball metrics, despite being a pitcher, Wes was the better hitter as well, with a .446 slugging percentage and OPS+ of 100!

Who was the oddest MVP of all time? Probably Zolio Versalles, the AL MVP in 1965 when he hit .273 with a .319 OBP and led the league in strikeouts (122) and errors (39). After his MVP season, Versalles never hit higher than .249, never had an OBP over .307, and despite being only 25 when he won the MVP award, had negative 2.4 WAR for the rest of his career. Versalles finished his career with only 12.5 WAR and a not-so-sterling 82 OPS+.

And how on earth did Bob O'Farrell win the National League MVP award in 1926? He hit .293 with seven home runs, 68 RBI and only 3.6 WAR. That year Hack Wilson batted .321 with 21 home runs, 109 RBI and a .944 OPS that was .140 higher than O'Farrell's. Paul Waner was just a tick below Wilson with a .941 OPS, hitting .336 with 101 runs. Jim Bottomley slugged .506 and led the NL in RBI with 120. Ray Kremer went 20-6 with a 2.61 ERA. So it's not like there weren't other worthy candidates. O'Farrell played 21 season in the majors, but was consistently average, ending his career with an OPS+ of 98 and only 19.9 WAR. In those 21 years, he never again registered in the MVP voting. And according do dWAR he wasn't an outstanding defensive catcher, with only 4.5 for his entire career.

Terry Pendleton had a nice year in 1991, but was it an MVP year? His 6.1 WAR paled in comparison to Tom Glavine (9.3), Barry Bonds (7.9) and Ryne Sandberg (7.0). Pendleton only made one all-star team and was an average player for his 15-year career, finishing with 28.2 WAR and a middling 92 OPS+.

Roger Peckinpaugh was the AL MVP in 1925, hitting .294 with four home runs, 64 RBI, a below-average 91 OPS+ and only 2.6 WAR. Al Simmons (149 OPS+) and Henry Heilmann (161 OPS+) were far greater offensive forces, with more than double Peckinpaugh's WAR. Peckinpaugh was only a bit better in 1925 than for his offensively mediocre career, in which he hit .259 with an 87 OPS+. Yes, he was a defensive wizard with 25.0 dWAR, but that didn't appear to come close to making up the difference in 1925.

How did Maury Wills win the NL MVP in 1962, over Willie Mays? Their teams had nearly identical records. Mays had a stellar 10.5 WAR, while Wills wasn't even in the NL top ten with 6.0 WAR, which was good but not great. It looks suspiciously like Wills was rewarded for breaking the record with 104 steals. Wills did score 130 runs, but so did Mays! In every other regard, Mays was clearly the superior player, and by an immensely large margin.

Unfortunately, Mays was robbed again, two years later. There's absolutely no way Ken Boyer should have been named MVP over Willie Mays in 1964! Mays had an utterly stellar 11.0 WAR, while Boyer wasn't even in the NL top ten with 6.1 WAR. Mays led the NL with a .990 OPS that was .136 higher than Boyer's .854. And while Boyer was a good defensive player, Mays was one of the all-time greats, with 1.9 dWAR that year.

First baseman Steve Garvey was the NL MVP in 1974. But were voters paying more attention to his perfectly-coiffed hair than his performance? Garvey hit 21 home runs with 111 RBI. Nice stats, but Garvey wasn’t within hailing distance of the leaders. According to WAR, Garvey was only the 17th-best choice in the NL. The top three were Mike Schmidt (9.7 WAR), Joe Morgan (8.6) and Johnny Bench (7.8). They doubled or nearly doubled Garvey's WAR. And while Garvey had a good career with 37.7 WAR, all three easily doubled his career WAR as well.

Talk about hot and cold! Denny McLain, the 1968 AL MVP, had 19.7 career WAR, with all his positive WAR earned in four seasons in which he won 16, 20, 31 and 24 games, earning two Cy Young awards, one MVP award, and registering in the MVP voting three times. But for the rest of his career McLain had negative WAR, and he was pretty much a washout at age 26. He was suspended for three months in 1970 for bookmaking activities, then was suspended again for carrying a gun on a plane. He ended up only pitching in 14 games, going 3-5 with a 4.63 ERA. The following year, he led the AL in losses, going 10-22 with a 4.28 ERA. He was out of the big leagues at age 28.

Here's another MVP oddity. Kirk Gibson was the NL MVP in 1988. But he didn't make the all-star team that year. As a matter of fact, in his 17-year career, Gibson never once made an all-star team! But it wasn't his fault. Gibson definitely should have made the NL All-Star team in 1984, when he had double the WAR of Claudell Washington, Jerry Mumphrey, Darryl Strawberry and Jody Davis. He should have been an all-star the next year too, in 1985, when he had double the WAR of Jose Cruz, Glenn Wilson and Jack Clark. And he definitely should have been an all-star in 1988, when he was the NL MVP with 6.5 WAR!

Other MVPs who didn't have overwhelming great careers include Jim Konstanty (11.0 WAR), Elston Howard (27.0 WAR, 108 OPS+), Bobby Shantz (32.1 WAR, and only 23.0 outside his stellar MVP season), Marty Marion (another defensive wizard with 25.0 dWAR, but only 15.5 oWAR and an 81 OPS+), Phil Rizzuto (a hall-of-famer with 40.8 WAR with over half defensive and only a 93 OPS+)

The only two-time MVPs who are not in the Baseball Hall of Fame are Roger Maris (1960-1961) and Dale Murphy (1982-1983).

Who was better, Babe Ruth or Ty Cobb? Ruth won 12 home run titles and Cobb won 12 batting titles. Ruth was the all-time home run leader and Cobb was the all-time hits leader. If the tie-breaker is the initial Hall-of-Fame voting, Cobb was elected with 98% to Ruth's 95%. Until the 1960's, Cobb was generally considered to be the greatest baseball player of all time. However, according to advanced metrics like WAR, Ruth was the better player. But if Mike Trout keeps playing like Mike Trout, the question may soon be moot!

Stolen Base Strangeness

How did all-time stolen base leader Rickey Henderson miss three games due to frostbite, in August? (He fell asleep on an ice pack.)

Speaking of steals ... if Rickey Henderson was the best base-stealer of all time, who was the worst ever? Ironically, according to stolen base percentage, it was the greatest baseball player of all time, Babe Ruth! From 1920 to 1935 the Bambino stole 110 bases and was caught 117 times, for a "success" rate of .485 (the lowest for a player with at least 200 career attempts). But hold on, there's another candidate for the worst base-stealer of all time, thanks to a metric called wSB. There was one playerand only onewith a worse career wSB than Babe Ruth. So who on earth was it? Well, we don't have to look very far. It was Lou Gehrig, who hit immediately behind Ruth for the Yankees! 

Twins: Double the Madness

The All-Time Home Run Rankings had some interesting joined-at-the-hip "twins" the last time I checked in August 2017 ...

Cecil Fielder and Prince Fielder (319) ... Father and son, they are also the only such duo to both hit 50 home runs in the big leagues!
Orlando Cepeda and Tony Perez (379) ... Cepeda and Perez were two of the first Hispanic players to become all-stars and make the Hall of Fame.
Frank Howard and Ryan Howard (382) ... They not only shared the same last name, but were very BIG for baseball players, in the 250 pound range.
Ernie Banks and Eddie Mathews (512) ... They finished 1-2 in the 1959 MVP voting, with Banks hitting 45 homers and Mathews hitting 46!
Willie McCovey and Frank Thomas (521) ... They were both around 6-5 with similar nicknames: Big Mac and Big Hurt.

Cincinnati Reds leftfielder George "the Destroyer" Foster was the last major league baseball player to hit 50 home runs prior to the steroid era. Foster hit 52 dingers in 1977, and many of them were tape measure shots, with two estimated at over 500 feet. From 1966 to 1990, or for a quarter century, Foster was the only player in either league to hit 50 or more home runs. Foster did it with natural muscle and bat speed. Does he remain the last baseball player to hit 50 homers honestly? Foster's physique was so impressive that teammate "Little Joe" Morgan said he was surpassed in baseball only by Willie Mays. (Interestingly, Mays had been the last MLB player to hit 50 home runs, when he also hit exactly 52, in 1965!) But Foster was taller and heavier than Mays. Pete Rose opined that Foster was "too strong to be playing baseball. He should be hunting bears with switches!" In fact, "The Destroyer" was so intimidating that his menacing ebony bat had its own nickname: "The Black Death"!

A struggling young rookie, with only 35 games at the Triple A level and none at Single A or Double A, went hitless in his first twelve major league at-bats and was probably on his way back to the minors, when in his thirteenth try, he hit a home run off hall-of-fame pitcher Warren Spahn. The great pitcher later ruefully observed, "I'll never forgive myself! We might have gotten rid of Willie forever if I'd only struck him out!" The struggling rookie was Willie Mays, who would go on to terrorize National League pitchers for the next 20 years!

Ironically, Willie Mays almost ended up playing on the same team as Warren Spahn, along with Hank Aaron and Eddie Matthews. What a great foursome that would have been! Mays had been scouted by the Braves when he was 15 years old, but the Giants scooped him up first. With the Say Hey Kid, the Braves might have absolutely dominated MLB with a lineup of (C) Del Crandall, (1B) Joe Adcock, (2B) Red Schoendienst, (SS) Johnny Logan, (3B) Eddie Matthews, (RF) Hank Aaron, (CF) Willie Mays, (LF) Wes Covington (P) Warren Spahn, (P) Lou Burdette, (P) Bob Buhl, and (P) Gene Conley. Opposing pitchers would have faced a truly fearsome series of slugging percentages with Mays (.557), Aaron (.555), Matthews (.509), Adcock (.485) and Covington (.466) in the same lineup.

For a decade, from 1949 to 1958, Yogi Berra hit 257 home runs and struck out 250 times. Just in case that didn't sink in, let me repeat it a different way: Yogi Berra had more home runs than strikeouts for a freakin' decade! And to make matters worse (or better), he was a notorious bad-ball hitter! How the hell did he do it? In 1950, Berra hit 28 homers and had an insanely low 12 strikeouts. Most modern sluggers could strike out 12 times in a doubleheader!

But amazingly, Berra was not even the best player on his own team in this category. From 1937 to 1941, his teammate Joe DiMaggio averaged 34 home runs per season, but only 24 strikeouts.

In the early 1930's, someone protested that Babe Ruth was demanding more money than President Hoover made, for playing a game! The quick-witted Babe had the perfect retort for those Great Depression days: "I had a better year than he did."

The Bambino was the first baseball star to "go global." During World War II, Japanese soldiers would shout "To hell with Babe Ruth!" to annoy their American foes. But for awhile the Japanese people embraced the Bambino. After the 1934 season, the Sultan of Swat went on a barnstorming tour of Japan led by Connie Mack. Babe Ruth hit 14 home runs in 17 games against the Japanese all-stars, as Mack's team went undefeated. A bust of Ruth erected during that trip still stands outside Osaka's Koshien Stadium. (One wonders what they did with the statue during WWII!) Later the "Babe Ruth League" and the "Connie Mack League" would be named in the barnstormers' honor.

During WWII, American sentries would ferret out unwanted guests by asking baseball questions. Heaven help the infiltrator who didn't know that the proper response to "three" was "strikes" or that "Brooklyn" required "Dodgers"!

Some of the greatest baseball players sacrificed their prime years to serve in the American military: Joe DiMaggio, Stan Musial and Willie Mays, just to name a few. Ted Williams was John Glenn's wingman during the Korean War (there is an account later on this page of how the future astronaut saved Williams' life after his fighter was hit by enemy fire and burst into flames).

When Mark McGwire became the first MLB player to hit 70 home runs in a single season in 1998, he set another record by also being the first player with enough plate appearances to qualify for the batting title to hit more home runs than singles. McGwire repeated the feat in 1999, when he hit 65 home runs and only 58 singles. When Barry Bonds set the new single-season home run mark of 73 in 2001, he became the second player in this category with only 49 singles. Apparently hitting 65 or more homers doesn't leave much time for rinky-dink singles!

Mike Trout likes to celebrate his birthdays with home runs. In four of his six full seasons, Trout has hit a home run on his birthday. On his 26th birthday, Trout celebrated with yet another home run and his 1,000th hit. "Every time Mike does something, you just shake your head," Angels manager Mike Scioscia said. "For us to experience a player of his magnitude, doing so many things at such a young age, it's exciting. Hopefully we'll get a chance to see it for a long time." How good is Mike Trout, really? Well, he is one of just four players to record six seasons of at least 160 OPS+ before their age 26 season. The others in this ultra-elite group are Jimmie Foxx, Ty Cobb and  Babe Ruth! And Trout's career OPS+ is sixth of all time, smack dab between Rogers Hornsby and Mickey Mantle. That is "crazy good" and Trout is apparently still getting better in 2017.

Here are ten things you may not know about Babe Ruth: (1) He was apparently born for baseball: as a boy in Baltimore, he lived on the site of what later became Oriole Stadium in Camden Yards. (2) He was apparently also born to drink, as he lived above a saloon his father owned! (3) Ruth was drinking before he turned eight, and was sent to a reform school as incorrigible. (4) Ruth was destined to be a shirtmaker, before he signed with his hometown Orioles (then a minor league team) at age nineteen. (5) The Orioles were struggling financially and quickly sold Ruth's contract to the Red Sox. On his first day in Boston, Ruth allegedly met the girl he would marry and won the first game he pitched. (6) Ruth quickly became a star pitcher with the lowest ERA (2.19) and highest winning percentage (.659) among AL lefties. (7) Ruth posted a 0.87 ERA in three World Series starts and his record of 29 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the Fall Classic stood from 1918 until Whitey Ford broke it in 1961. (8) Ruth hit his first major league home run against his future team, the Yankees. When Ruth demanded a raise in 1919, his contract was sold to the Yankees for $100,000 and a $300,000 loan secured by Fenway Park. This sale apparently ushered in the "Curse of the Bambino," as the Red Sox would fail to win a single World Series while the Yankees were winning twenty from 1920-1964. (9) Babe Ruth hit the first home run in Yankee Stadium, the "house that Ruth built" and which was built to favor his bat. How many home runs would Mickey Mantle, Willie Mays and Hank Aaron have hit, if someone had built stadiums to suit them, one wonders? (10) Babe Ruth played himself in four movies, including Pride of the Yankees (for which he lost 40 pounds to play his younger self).

The most earthshaking trade in baseball history didn't happen and may have prevented fans in two major cities from going insane! In 1947 the Red Sox and Yankees had a verbal agreement to trade Ted Williams for Joe DiMaggio. What a conundrum it would have been, for Yankee fans to cheer "Mr. Boston Red Sox" while Bostonians were cheering for the "Yankee Clipper" ... the mind boggles! But the trade didn't happen because Tom Yawkey, the owner of the Red Sox, wanted Yogi Berra to be included, but Larry MacPhail, the general manager of the Yankees, refused. Thus the tenuous sanity of Red Sox and Yankee fans was preserved!

No, the Cardinals were not named after birds or exalted priests. In 1899 a woman in the stands gushed about the players' uniforms containing a "lovely shade of cardinal." St. Louis Republic reporter Willie McHale overheard her and included her remark in his column the next day. The rest, as they say, is history. But then shouldn't it be "cardinal" singular?

Cap Anson was (and probably still is) the greatest player in Chicago Cubs history. Anson was so good and so popular that the team was called Cap's Colts during his tenure. But of course he couldn't play forever. After Anson retired, a feeling of dread descended, and the team was being called the Chicago Orphans and even the Remnants. A more positive name was needed, fast! Fortunately someone came up with the name Chicago Cubs, although no one is sure exactly who thought of it first.

Did you know that the Pittsburg team claimed to be "Innocents" before they admitted to being "Pirates"? The franchise began its operations in Allegheny City. Thus from 1882-1889 the team was called the Pittsburg Alleghenys. Then in 1892, a new ownership group signed second baseman Lou Bierbauer away from the Philadelphia Athletics (a legal move, since the A's hadn't put Bierbauer on their reserved list). Still, Philly was irate and filed an official complaint, calling their rivals "piratical." The Alleghenys strongly maintained that they had done nothing wrong, and for the 1890 season the team adopted the nickname "Innocents." But after the league ruled in Pittsburgh's favor, the new owners were so pleased that they decided to rename the team the Pirates for the 1891 season (although the name wouldn't appear on Pittsburgh jerseys until 1911).

Have you ever wondered why the Atlanta franchise is called the Braves? The team started as the Boston Beaneaters in 1897. In 1907 the Dove brothers bought the team and changed its name to the Boston Doves! (No egos involved there, were're sure!) In 1911 there was another change of ownership and the team became the Boston Rustlers (perhaps referring to the famous "tea party"). In 1912, the team was renamed the Boston Braves for a very odd reason. One of the partners in the Braves was James Gaffney. He had political ties with the Tammany Hall regime. Politicians affiliated with Tammany Hall were often referred to as "braves" because Tammany was named after a Delaware Indian chief. But Tammany Hall was in New York, not Boston!

When did the New York Yankees get that name, and why? When the Baltimore Orioles moved to New York in 1903, they were seen as invaders: the New York Evening Journal actually picked Invaders as the nickname for the Big Apple's new team. But the most common nickname among fans was the Highlanders, because the team's stadium was built on a hill. The press sometimes referred to the team as the Americans, since they were in the American league and the Giants were in the National League. But then New York Press editor Jim Price called the team the Yanks in 1904, simply trying to make a headline fit. The name Yankees was pretty much official by 1913.

Have you ever wondered why the Los Angeles team is called the Dodgers? Here's the long, very strange trip the franchise took ... The team starts off as the Brooklyn Grays in 1883. Almost immediately, in 1884, the team changes its name to the Brooklyn Atlantics, which sorta makes sense (but for the first and only time!). On that team the star pitcher, Adonis Terry, lost 35 games. Just as quickly, in 1885 the team changes its name back to the Grays. Adonis is now an outfielder, hitting a not-so-robust .170. A new pitcher, Phenomenal Smith is less than phenomenal with a 12.38 ERA. But at least their names are entertaining! In 1888 several players get married around the same time, and the team changes its name to the Brooklyn Bridegrooms. Do they realize that getting married is supposed to be a once-in-a-lifetime thing? Apparently not when they tie the knot! Adonis is now pitching again. In 1889 the Bridegrooms win the American Association, led by Oyster Burns and Pop Corkhill, but they lose the World Series to their cross-town foes, the New York Giants. Drat! Curses! Foiled again! (And a pattern of futility may be emerging.) In 1890 the Bridegrooms join the National League and immediately win the pennant, led by 128 RBI from the Oyster. But alas the World Series is a 3-3-1 sister-kissing tie with the Louisville Colonels. There are, however, more entertaining names: Lady Baldwin and Patsy Donovan. Adonis is nowplaying the outfield and pitching! In 1891 the team shortens its name to the Grooms. More entertaining names appear on the bench: Con Daily, Bones Ely, Dude Esterbrook. But perhaps Adonis should stick to the outfield; he's 6-16 with a 4.22 ERA. In 1896 it's back to the Bridegrooms, with Candy LaChance. But by 1899 the franchise is again knee-deep in mediocrity, and it's time to change the team's name again. Someone very optimistic chooses the name Brooklyn Superbas! And it works, sorta. Led by Wee Willie Keeler, who sounds like a character from Rumpelstiltskin, the Superbas win the NL! But alas there is no World Series that year. Foiled again! By 1911, there have been a number of dismal seasons, and it's time for another name change. This time it's the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (now we finally understand the source of the term "dodgers"). By 1913 it's simply the Dodgers. But never count on this franchise to leave things well enough alone! In 1914, Wilbert Robinson takes over as manager, and everyone is so awed they change the team's name to the Brooklyn Robins! Once again the name change works wonderfully well, sorta. In 1916 the Robins win the NL pennant, but lose to Babe Ruth (then a pitcher) and the Boston Red Sox. Foiled again! But at least there are more entertaining names: Sherry Smith and Bunny Fabrique (my personal favorite). After Robinson retires, it's back to the Dodgers in 1932. In 1941, the Dodgers again win the pennant only to again lose the World Series. Pee Wee Reese sounds like the second coming of Wee Willie Keeler. In 1947, Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier and the Dodgers win the pennant, but the team's record of futility remains intact as they lose to their crosstown foes the Yankees in the World Series. But at least they have Spider Jorgensen playing third! In 1949, the Dodgers lose to the Yankees again. Ditto in 1952 and 1953. The Dodgers are now 0-7 in the World Series. By now they're not just thinking about changing their name; they're thinking about changing ends of the continent! Then in 1955, the Brooklyn Dodgers finally win the World Series, defeating the hated Yankees. And it only took them 72 years to do it! But in 1956, it's back to normal as they lose to the Yankees in the World Series, with Don Larsen throwing the only perfect game in World Series history. Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley decides that enough is enough, and he moves the franchise far away to Los Angeles, where the Dodgers have lived up to their now-permanent name by dodging both the Yankees and the city of New York ever since!

The oddest baseball franchise names include the Cleveland Spiders, the Chicago Orphans, the Columbus Solons, the Kansas City Cowboys, the Brooklyn Superbas, and the Saint Louis Perfectos.

Babe Ruth wore a chilled cabbage leaf under his cap to stay cool! He would change it every two innings. Did he get hungry and eat some bad cabbage, with terrible repercussions? Ruth missed much of the 1925 season with "the bellyache heard 'round the world." That year he was very un-Ruthian, with only 25 home runs and 67 RBI. But he did recover, and two years later he hit 60 home runs, setting the most famous record until ...

In 1961, Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth's record for hitting the most home runs in a season (61, with the famous asterisk). But did you know that Maris's teammate, pitcher Whitey Ford broke the Babe's record for pitching 29 2/3 consecutive  scoreless innings in a World Series the same year? When asked how it felt to have thrown 33 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings, beating the Babe's other record, Ford responded, "It was a bad year for the Babe."

Don Larsen's perfect game in the 1956 World Series is the most famous pitching performance in baseball history. But it wasn't a perfect day for Larsen, because his wife Vivian filed for divorce just before the game started!

Virgil Trucks had a miserable 1952 season, going 5-19. On the brighter side, two of his wins were no-hitters!

Frank Robinson won the AL triple crown in 1966. The following year Carl Yastrzemski won the AL triple crown. So it's not all that rare, right? Guess again, because it would be 45 years before Miguel Cabrera would win the next one, in 2012.

So what about the NL triple crown? Well, it's been 80 years and still counting since Joe Medwick won the last NL triple crown, in 1937!

Only five players have won the "Holy Grail" of triple crowns, which is also known as the "Major League Triple Crown." That's when a player leads both leagues in batting average, home runs and RBI. The only players to win the Holy Grail were Ty Cobb, Rogers Hornsby, Lou Gehrig, Ted Williams and Mickey Mantle. It's been over half a century since Mantle last accomplished the feat, in 1956.

Yogi Berra was the Yoda of baseball. Here's an example of his yogi-ish wisdom: "Little League baseball is a very good thing because it keeps the parents off the streets." Unfortunately, far too many Little League parents surrender to the Dark Side of the Force!

The Best Baseball Quotes

Love is the most important thing in the world, but baseball is pretty good, too.―Yogi Berra
My baseball career was a long, long initiation into a single secret: At the heart of all things is love.―Sadaharu Oh

Baseball is like church. Many attend, few understand.―Leo Durocher
The key to winning baseball games is pitching, fundamentals, and three-run homers.―Earl Weaver
I'd walk through hell in a gasoline suit to play baseball.―Pete Rose, the "Hit King"
To me, baseball was a passion to the point of obsession.―Brooks Robinson, the "Glove King"
People ask me what I do in winter when there's no baseball. I'll tell you what I do. I stare out the window and wait for spring.―Rogers Hornsby, the "Rajah"
There are only two seasons: Winter and Baseball.―Bill Veek 
It would make everything I worked for meaningless if baseball is integrated but political parties were segregated.―Jackie Robinson
Every time I look at my pocketbook, I see Jackie Robinson.―Willie Mays

Who was the best baseball player of all time?

I think I was the best baseball player I ever saw.―Willie Mays
There's absolutely no comparison of me or anyone else to Willie Mays; he's the greatest baseball player of all time.―Alex Rodriguez
After Jose Canseco became the first player to hit 40 homers and steal 40 bases in the same season, Willie Mays said, "Had I known that was such a big deal, I would have done it every year!"
After Mays got a hit, radio announcers would sometimes note that "the only man who could have caught that ball just hit it." 
From 1954-1966, Willie Mays led all NL position players in WAR and runs created pretty much all the time, in addition to being the best outfield defender and the steal leader four times!
During that period of time, Mays led the NL in OPS+ six times and never had an OPS+ below 146. He averaged 8.8 WAR, meaning that he played at an MVP level for 13 years.
Mays also won twelve consecutive Gold Gloves playing the premier defensive outfield position, so he can safely be called the greatest defensive outfielder of all time.
Mays could have been MVP eleven times: in 1954-1955 and 1957-1958 and 1960-1966. How he was only named MVP twice is impossible to fathom.
At age 40, Willie Mays led the NL in walks (112) and OBP (.425) and stole 23 bases with a remarkable 89% success rate. He had 6.3 WAR at age 40!
Willie Mays is the only player in MLB history with 3000 hits, 2000 runs, 600 homers, 1900 RBI, 300 stolen bases, 1000 walks, 6000 total bases and a .300 batting average, or better.
The players who came closest to matching Willie Mays were Hank Aaron, Mickey Mantle, Barry Bonds, Alex Rodriguez, Albert Pujols and Babe Ruth.
Babe Ruth was not a great base-stealer (in fact, he was one of the all-time worst). Willie Mays led the NL in steals four seasons in a row while slugging .557-.626-.583-.583.
Babe Ruth was not a great defender. Willie Mays was probably the best defensive outfielder of all time. (Ask Vic Wertz!)
Willie Mays was a much better defender, athlete and base-stealer than Albert Pujols. And Mays played at a much higher level from age 31 on, doubling Pujols' post-30 WAR.
Willie Mays was a much better defender than Alex Rodriguez, who said himself that there was "no comparison" between himself (or anyone else) and Mays.
Barry Bonds cheated, and his best seasons started at age 36, because he cheated. Hell, his head even grew larger! Mays was better before Bonds cheated; it was closer after.
Mickey Mantle rivaled Mays in his best seasons, but his last superior season was at age 32, so his career numbers fall short of the Say Hey Kid's.
Hank Aaron was the closest player to Willie Mays in talent and achievement, but Mays was the better defender, the better base-stealer, and the bigger and brighter star.
Willie Mays had 10 WAR or higher six times. Hank Aaron never had a 10 WAR season, nor did Pujols. Rodriguez had one 10 WAR season. Bonds never had one until he began cheating.
Thus, Willie Mays was the best baseball player of all time, as I see things, but let's consult a noted baseball expert, just to be sure ...
There have been only two geniuses in the world: Willie Mays and Willie Shakespeare.―Tallulah Bankhead
That seals the deal, surely!

Red Sox second baseman Dustin Pedroia made an error for the first time in 114 games, on July 19, 2017. Pedroia's errorless streak was the longest by a second baseman in Red Sox history, and the longest by any second baseman since Darwin Barney went 141 games between errors back in 2012. So who hit the ball that led to Pedroia's error? Yep, we're in the Twilight Zone. It was Darwin Barney.

Tim "Rock" Raines allegedly lived up to his nickname by sliding head-first to avoid breaking the cocaine vials he carried in his back pocket.

Dock Ellis says that he threw his no-hitter on June 12, 1970 while under the influence of LSD. What a long, strange trip his career must have been! Here's an account of Ellis's not-so-perfect game: "In his drugged-out stupor, he took some more [LSD] on the day of the game and had to be reminded by his friend's girlfriend he had to be in San Diego to pitch that night. Ellis, who said he couldn't even feel the ball or see the catcher clearly, got some great fielding and walked eight batters en route to the unlikely no-no. Here is an excerpt of his take on that wild night:  'I remember hitting a couple of batters, and the bases were loaded two or three times. The ball was small sometimes, the ball was large sometimes, sometimes I saw the catcher, sometimes I didn't. Sometimes, I tried to stare the hitter down and throw while I was looking at him. I chewed my gum until it turned to powder. I started having a crazy idea in the fourth inning that Richard Nixon was the home plate umpire, and once I thought I was pitching a baseball to Jimi Hendrix, who to me was holding a guitar and swinging it over the plate."

On the other hand, Sandy Koufax, the "Left Arm of God," made hitters see things. Koufax led the NL in ERA for five consecutive years and finished with a glittering career ERA of 2.76. So how was he in the postseason? Even more godlike! Koufax's World Series ERA was a ridiculously low 0.95. He was named the World Series MVP twice: in 1963 and 1965 (when his ERA was an even more ridiculous 0.38).

When Nolan Ryan was a young, flame-throwing pitcher, he could only throw around five innings before developing painful blisters on the fingers of his pitching hand. The cure? Although he didn't eat the pickles, Ryan would soak his fingers in pickle brine! Teammates joked that Ryan used so much pickle juice that he would be named MVP by the Pickle Packers of America! Does Ryan owe his strikeout record and all those no-hitters to lowly cucumbers and vinegar?

Bob Lemon was the opening day center fielder for the Cleveland Indians in 1946. On April 30th of that year, Lemon's "daring catch" and strong throw "doubling a man off second base" were key in preserving a Bob Feller no-hitter. But two future hall-of-famers, catcher Bill Dickey and shortstop/manager Lou Boudreau, took note of that strong arm and persuaded Lemon to become a pitcher. It proved to be a very wise decision, as Lemon hit only .232 for his career. Two years later, in 1948, it was Lemon throwing the no-hitter. He went on to win 207 games and join Dickey and Boudreau in the Hall of Fame! (And that .232 average, which would have been woeful for an outfielder, was pretty sporty for a pitcher!)

Larry Doby was Major League Baseball's second black player and the first in the American League. Doby entered the majors in July of 1947 — just three months after Jackie Robinson. He faced the same hostile racist climate that Robinson faced, and he also managed to excel. (Doby made seven straight all-star games from 1949 to 1955 and finished second in the 1954 MVP voting with 32 homers and 126 RBI.) But Robinson received all the eternal glory, while Doby has been largely forgotten. On the brighter side, Doby was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Tony Lazzeri was a member of the "Murderers' Row" Yankees teams that included Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig. Lazzeri was an epileptic who managed to hide his condition from the public for his entire career. Lazzeri participated in five world championships with the Yankees and finished his career with an .846 OPS that ranks ninth all-time among second basemen. 

In 1936, Joltin' Joe DiMaggio set a New York Yankees record for home runs by a rookie, with 29. Eighty-one years later, Aaron Judge broke the Yankee Clipper's record, hitting his 30th home run before the All-Star break!

Joe DiMaggio still holds two major league records, however. One is the longest hitting streak of all time, 56 games. His other big "record" is having the most famous marriage in baseball history, to Marilyn Monroe, of course.

Dom DiMaggio was more than just Joe DiMaggio's kid brother. He was a seven-time all-star who scored 110 or more runs six times. Of course it didn't hurt to have Ted Williams hitting behind him!

Bert Campaneris was a skinny little shortstop, and a damn good one. A six-time all-star, he still holds the Athletics' franchise records for at-bats and hits, and he led the AL in steals six times. But at 160 pounds he was definitely not a power hitter ... except for three completely inexplicable power surges. In his first MLB game, Campaneris hit two home runs (only one five players in baseball history to accomplish that remarkable feat!). Then in 1970 heagain inexplicably―went on a rampage (at least for him) hitting 22 homers. If we subtract that one very odd game and that one very odd season, Campaneris averaged fewer than three home runs per year for his 19 seasons. Then in 1973, after returning to his normal non-powerful ways and hitting just four homers in 671 at-bats, Campaneris went on a postseason power tear and hit three homers, outslugging his teammate and World Series MVP, "Mr. October" Reggie Jackson! What was the source of that mysterious power? If Campaneris could bottle and sell it, he'd be richer than Bill Gates!

Besides his inexplicable home run sprees, "Campy" Campaneris will be remembered for two other oddities. He was the first ballplayer (to our knowledge) to be introduced to fans on the back of a donkey (one of the weirder brainstorms of A's owner Charles O. Finley). And Campaneris was the first major league player to play all nine positions in a single game, which he did on September 8, 1965, as part of a special promotion. Campaneris even threw ambidextrously when he took the mound! 

Speaking of Reggie Jackson, was he really "Mr. October"? Well, yes and no. Yes, he did rise to the occasion a number of times and his postseason stats are impressive. But there are other "Mr. Octobers" whose stats are even more impressive. Sluggers like Jackson are supposed to drive in runs, so I did a quick check on RBI per plate appearance. Reggie Jackson averaged .151 RBI per plate appearance in the postseason, which would work out to 98 RBI for a season with 650 plate appearances. Jackson's career RBI percentage was .149, and he probably averaged around 98 RBI per season in his prime, so really he was pretty much doing what he normally did. In any case, here are eleven players who out-Octobered the much-lauded Mr. October: Lou Gehrig (.233), Charlie Keller (.228), Hank Aaron (.216), Babe Ruth (.198), Home Run Baker (.186), Paul Molitor (.167), David Ortiz (.165), Albert Pujols (.162), Shane Victorino (.162), Jim Edmonds (.160), David Freese (.153). If we're going to give props to players for raising their games, perhaps they should go to Victorino, Edmonds and Freese. The others are all Hall-of-Famers, with one possible exception. "King Kong" Keller was well on his way to the Hall of Fame, but lost time due to military service during WWII, then suffered a severely ruptured disk at age 30 and was never the same again. But his career OPS+ of 152 ranks ahead of legends like Honus Wagner, Nap Lajoie, Eddie Collins, Cap Anson, Willie McCovey, Mike Schmidt, Willie Stargell, Jim Thome, Albert Belle, David Ortiz, Alex Rogriguez and, yes, Reggie Jackson. Even so, Keller did raise his postseason game from around a 100-RBI pace to a 150-RBI pace. And who knows ... perhaps the veterans committee will do the right thing and induct him into the HOF.

The Red Sox were one of the most successful baseball franchises, winning the first-ever World Series and quickly racking up five world championships. But then in the 1919-1920 offseason, the Red Sox sold the greatest baseball player of all time, Babe Ruth, to the rival New York Yankees. Why? The most common explanation is that Red Sox owner Harry Frazee needed the money to finance the Broadway musical No, No Nanette. In any case, the baseball gods were apparently not amused, and it would be 86 years before the Red Sox finally escaped "the curse of the Bambino" and won another World Series.

Jimmie Foxx hit 60 home runs in 1932 and would have tied Babe Ruth's longstanding record, except that two of his home runs were "called back" by rainouts. Foxx was called "The Beast" and Lefty Gomez opined that Foxx had "muscles in his hair." Foxx, who resembled Ruth in appearance, out-did him in versatility. Like Ruth, Foxx pitched (1.52 career ERA) and played outfield. But Foxx was also an All-Star at catcher, first and third. He even played one game at short! Hall-of-Fame catcher Rick Ferrell said of Foxx's ability behind the plate: "If it wasn't for [Mickey] Cochrane, Foxx would have developed into a great catcher. He was the greatest all-around athlete I ever saw play Major League Baseball." But with one of the all-time-great catchers on his team, Foxx had to change positions in order to play full-time.

When we think of runs, we think of speed. But the catchers who scored the most career runs, Carlton Fisk and Ivan Rodriguez, were both nicknamed Pudge! The catcher who ranks third in runs, Yogi Berra, was no speed demon either. He stole 30 bases in 19 seasons, and was thrown out nearly half the time. So who was the fastest catcher ever? Probably Craig Biggio, who broke in as a catcher and played the position for four years before switching to second base. Biggio stole 414 bases during his career, led the NL in steals in 1994, and had a high mark of 50 steals in 1998. Even at age 39, Biggio was still an above-average base stealer, going 11-1. But if we include part-time catchers, in 1887 Arlie Latham played catcher in two games and stole 129 bases! Latham had 742 steals for his career, but only played catcher in a handful of games over six seasons. So we should probably give the laurel to Biggio. He and Jason Kendall are the only catchers in MLB history to lead off more than ten games in a single season. But if we're talking about players who were almost exclusively catchers, Kendall is our man. He stole 20 or more bases three times, 10 or more bases nine times, and even stole 12 bases in his last season at age 36, shades of Biggio!

Johnny Bench was one of the most powerful catchers of all time, clubbing 45 home runs at age 22, then 40 more at age 24, and winning two MVP awards before he turned 25. Bench finished his career with the record for home runs by a catcher and still holds the Reds franchise record for homers and RBI regardless of position. But Bench was also a remarkably good base-stealer in his prime, going a perfect 11-0 in 1975 and 13-2 in 1976, for a two year success rate of 92.3%. Oh, and he also won ten consecutive Gold Gloves! Furthermore, Bench was one of the first catchers to adopt the hinged catcher's glove and catch one-handed, so he was something of a baseball pioneer too. As Reds manager Sparky Anderson once put it, "I don't want to embarrass any other catcher by comparing him to Johnny Bench!" Nor should we.

So who was the worst basestealing catcher of all time? "Feet of Stone" Russ Nixon played 12 seasons and 2,504 games. He was thrown out trying to steal 7 times without a single success.

Ty Cobb won the triple crown in 1909 by leading the American League in batting average, home runs and RBI. But he never hit a ball out of the park. All nine home runs he hit that year were inside the park. Cobb remains the only home run champion who failed to hit at least one home run over the fence. What are baseball's records that will probably never be broken? (1) Cobb's all-inside-the-park home run crown is an absolute lock, of course. (2) Rickey Henderson leading the NL in steals at age 39. (3) Shoeless Joe Jackson hitting .400 as a rookie. (4) Jackson also holds the record for the highest batting average (.382) in his last season!

Pete Rose broke Ty Cobb's all-time hits record, then played Cobb in a 1991 movie about Babe Ruth. (No, Rose did not win an Oscar for his cameo!) For a player to break Rose's hit record, he would have to average 213 hits for 20 years. The closest modern player to Rose in hits is Hank Aaron. In his last season at age 42, Aaron had 62 hits. To catch Rose at that pace, he would have had to play nine more seasons, to age 50. So it seems unlikely that anyone will break Rose's record anytime soon.

Robinson Cano's game-winning home run at the 2017 All-Star game was the event's first extra-inning blast in exactly 50 years. Ironically, Tony Perez, who threw the game's opening pitch, was the last All-Star participant to hit an extra-inning homer, in 1967. The score of both games was 2-1. Five teammates on the celebrated Big Red Machine became All-Star MVPs: Tony Perez (1967), Joe Morgan (1972), George Foster (1976), Ken Griffey Sr. (1980) and Dave Concepcion (1982). Ironically, the two Reds with the most All-Star appearances, Pete Rose (17) and Johnny Bench (14), failed to become All-Star MVPs. However, they both were World Series and National League MVPs. So seven of the Reds' "Great Eight" were MVPs during their careers. And in 1976, all seven made the NL All-Star team; talk about a star-studded lineup! Who was the odd Red out? Center fielder Cesar Geronimo, who in 1976 won one of his four consecutive Gold Gloves and slashed .307/.382/.414/.795 with 201 total bases and 22 steals; he finished 25th in the MVP voting despite hitting eighth in an outrageously good lineup. Were the 1976 Reds the best baseball team of all time? If the question intrigues you, please click the hyperlink to enter the debate.

We all know the debates about the best baseball player of all time: Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Honus Wagner, Ted Williams, Willie Mays, et al. But what about the worst major league baseball player of all time? Is there a clear-cut loser? Here are some possible candidates: Mario Mendoza established the "Mendoza Line" (a benchmark of failure for legions of weak-hitting infielders). Bob Uecker somehow turned abject failure into "success" as a light beer spokesman. Tommy Lasorda posted a 6.48 career ERA. "Marvelous" Marv Throneberry was the worst player on the worst MLB team of all time. Playing for the 1962 Mets, who lost 120 games, Throneberry set a record for lowest fielding percentage by a first baseman. He also blew his only career triple by missing both first and second base! Mike Potter somehow managed to bat .000 for two entire seasons (but he did manage one walk for a career OBP of .042). Bill Bergen has been called the worst hitter in MLB history, batting .170 in more than 3,000 at-bats, with a negative 13.5 career WAR. Charlie Comiskey has been called the worst manager, the worst owner and the worst player of all time. Comiskey was his own manager, so he would insert himself into the lineup even though "he couldn't swing the bat to save his life." Somehow Comiskey ended up in the Hall of Fame and has a ballpark named after him, despite his anemic 82 OPS+ and .293 OBP. But the worst major league player of all time is crystal-clear. Ironically, no pitcher could get him out and he retired with a perfect on-base percentage of 1.000, far better than all-time OBP greats like Ruth and Williams. His name was Eddie Gaedel, the Jackie Robinson of the height-challenged. Gaedel's autograph now sells for more than Babe Ruth's.

George Brett once hit a game-losing home run! Brett's apparent game-winning home run with two on and two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning was reversed in the famous "pine tar" incident. Brett was declared the last out, so he managed to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory.

George Brett won AL batting titles in three different decades: the first in 1976, the second in 1980, the third in 1990 (at age 37). Pete Rose led the NL in hits in three different decades: twice in the 1960s, four times in the 1970s, and once in the 1980s (at the tender age of 40!). Jimmy Connors has been called "the Pete Rose of tennis" (a comparison he welcomes) because they were both "bad boys" and fiery competitors who, while lacking size and pure athleticism, continued to will themselves to victory over younger, more athletic players well into their forties. Connors holds the pro tennis "endurance" records for games, matches, sets and wins. Rose holds the pro baseball "endurance" records for games, plate appearances, at-bats, hits and games won. Connors was number one from 1974-1978, a period of time in which Rose led all MLB in games, hits and runs. Connors retired at age 44 and Rose played his last full season at age 44.

Was Bob Gibson baseball's biggest badass? This was Hank Aaron's advice to Dusty Baker: “Don't dig in against Bob Gibson, he'll knock you down. He'd knock down his own grandmother if she dared to challenge him. Don't stare at him, don't smile at him, don't talk to him. He doesn't like it. If you happen to hit a home run, don't run too slow, don't run too fast. If you happen to want to celebrate, get in the tunnel first. And if he hits you, don't charge the mound, because he's a Gold Glove boxer!” Or as Dick Allen put it, “Gibson was so mean, he'd knock you down and then meet you at home plate to see if you wanted to make something of it.” Here's what Jim Ray Hart learned the hard way: “Between games, (Willie) Mays came over to me and said, ‘Now, in the second game, you're going up against Bob Gibson.' I only half-listened to what he was saying, figuring it didn't make much difference. So I walked up to the plate the first time and started digging a little hole with my back foot. No sooner did I start digging that hole than I hear Willie screaming from the dugout: ‘Noooooo!' Well, the first pitch came inside. No harm done, though. So I dug in again. The next thing I knew, there was a loud crack and my left shoulder was broken. I should have listened to Willie.” Now we know how Gibson managed that incredible 1.12 ERA ... batters were afraid of him, with good reason!

Is it possible to be too competitive? Bob Gibson may have gone over some sort of line: “I've played a couple of hundred games of tic-tac-toe with my little daughter and she hasn't beaten me yet. I've always had to win. I've got to win.”

So was Bob Gibson the most hated and feared baseball player of all time? Probably not. Ty Cobb has been called the most hated figure in the history of sports. He once said of himself: "In legend I am a sadistic, slashing, swashbuckling despot who waged war in the guise of sport." Cobb's mother shot his father to death; three weeks later he debuted in center field for the Detroit Tigers. Cobb has been accused of murder himself, of beating his son with a whip, of racism to the extent of choking a black woman until he was knocked out by a teammate, of battery against a black worker who complained when he stepped in wet cement, of going into the stands to beat a heckler who had lost his hands in an industrial accident, of beating and choking an umpire after a game, of honing his spikes to razor sharpness in order to terrorize opposing infielders, and other nefarious deeds. Other fear-inspiring candidates, primarily because of their size, include Frank Howard (6'8", 275 pounds), Aaron Judge (6'7", 280 pounds of chiseled muscle), Adam Dunn (6'6", 285), Dave Winfield (6'6", 220), Giancarlo Stanton (6'6", 245), Dave "King Kong" Kingman (6'6", 210), Willie McCovey, Willie Stargell, Barry "Steroid Monster" Bonds, Reggie Jackson, Dick Allen, Frank "the Big Hurt" Thomas, Albert Belle (called a "surly jerk" by one journalist), Mark McGwire and Jose Canseco (known collectively as the "Bash Brothers" before they started cheating) and George "the Destroyer" Foster. But surely the most fear-inspiring players were pitchers with blazing fastballs and bad temperaments ...

Ty Cobb, the sadistic despot himself, said that Walter Johnson's fastball "hissed with danger." Johnson's fastball has been estimated to have clocked around 100 mph.

Two-time National League MVP Dale Murphy called Nolan Ryan "the only pitcher you start thinking about two days before you face him." Reggie Jackson said, "Ryan is the only guy who puts fear in me. Not because he can get you out, but because he can kill you." Ryan threw a fastball in 1974 that was reportedly clocked by a laser gun at 108.1 mph, and he is the all-time strikeout king.

Bob Feller was known as "Rapid Robert" because he threw a scorching fast ball (reportedly once clocked at 107.6 mph). Feller also had a facial tic that made batters very nervous while they were awaiting his next pitch. The way he was blinking on the mound, could he see them clearly?

According to Yogi Berra, his teammate Ryne Duren "had several pairs of glasses but it didn't seem like he saw good in any of them." Those Coke-bottle lenses, coupled with a 100-mph fastball and "tactical" wildness, made Duren one of the most intimidating relievers of the late 1950s. His manager, Casey Stengel, once said of him, "Hitters don't like to see that fella. Especially family men." Duren would often enter a game by first squinting through his thick glasses, then throwing the ball well over the catcher's head to the backstop. There are even stories (possibly embellished) of Duren hitting not only hitters in the batter's box, but also those waiting in the on-deck circle! The most intimidating aspect of Duren's game was the fact that batters truly believed that Duren could not see, that he was just throwing into "an undifferentiated void." No wonder their knees were knocking together in fear!

Goose Gossage was intimidating because as teammate Rudy May explained: "Hitters always have the fear that one pitch might get away from him and they'll wind up DOA with a tag on their toe." Bob Watson ventured that it was his delivery that made the Goose such an intimidating figure: "He's all arms and legs and he's not looking at you. That doesn't make you feel good when he's throwing 100 miles an hour. I don't mind a guy throwing 100 miles an hour if he's looking at you!"

Randy Johnson, the "Big Unit," was named the most intimidating baseball player of all time by the MLB Network. Johnson stood 6'10" and threw a fastball clocked at up to 102 mph with a sidearm, whipping motion. He had left-handed hitters understandably "trembling" with fear, especially when he threw over their heads to warn them to back off. Adam Dunn explained the left-handed hitters' conundrum: It was a "hopeless feeling" to face pitches that seemed to be aimed at the back of the neck, only to drop in for unhittable strikes. One anxiety-ridden hitter admitted to suffering from Randy-Johnson-itis. The day he pitched would be a good day to recover from a hastily-concocted "injury." The Big Unit retired with 303 wins, five Cy Young awards, nine strikeout titles and the highest strikeouts-per-nine-innings rate of all time (10.6).

Don Drysdale was feared both for his ability and his penchant for pitching inside when batters crowded the plate. Over his Hall of Fame career, Drysdale hit 154 batters while leading the league in hit batsmen five times. Drysdale also famously adhered to the "knock down one of mine, I knock down two of yours" policy of beanball retaliation, and his reputation was well known. Of Drysdale's beanings, Frank Robinson once said, "He was mean enough to do it, and he did it continuously. You could count on him doing it. And when he did it, he just stood there on the mound and glared at you to let you know he meant it."

Sal Maglie was called "the Barber" because he gave close shaves to batters who crowded the plate. Drysdale credited "Sal the Barber" with teaching him the art of the brushback.

Dick Radatz was given the nickname "the Monster" by Mickey Mantle, who struck out 44 of the 63 times he faced relief pitching's Frankenstein. Radatz stood 6'6" and weighed 230-260 pounds. Stir in a 95-mph heater delivered sidearm, and you had a real monster on the mound. Radatz was another pupil of Sal Maglie. When someone opined that Radatz had only one pitch, columnist Jim Murray opined in return that that was like saying a nation was going to war with "only an atomic bomb." Radatz with his one pitch "left devastation in his wake." As one sportswriter observed: "The supernova of relievers, he lit up the sky at Fenway Park for three years before flaring out." But during those three years he was damn near unhittable. Radatz still holds the major league record for strikeouts by a relief pitcher with 181 in 1964. He averaged 9.7 strikeouts per nine innings for his career, higher than Nolan Ryan, Sandy Koufax, or any pitcher of his era or prior. Radatz was, it seems in retrospect, the coming of the new wave of strikeout artists.

Early Wynn was a fierce intimidator who one said, "I'd knock down my own grandmother if she dug in on me." Wynn called hitters his "mortal enemies" and claimed to "hate" them. Hatred seemed to work for him, as he won 300 games and was enshrined in the Hall of Fame. Ted Williams, perhaps the greatest pure hitter of all time, called Wynn "the toughest pitcher I ever faced."

Al Hrabosky was nicknamed "The Mad Hungarian" for his signature Fu Manchu and his practice of storming up angrily to the mound, stomping his feet, turning his back to the plate, then slamming the ball into his glove before facing and glaring down at the batter with a look of "menacing intimidation." When asked how he motivated himself, Hrabosky said, "I just think about hating people."

Reggie Jackson was known as "Mr. October" and "the straw that stirs the drink." If he was playing for your team, you may have liked him, but if he was playing against your team, you probably disliked him almost as much as those game- and series-winning home runs he hit!

In 1967 a young all-star second baseman named Pete Rose moved to left field to make room for Tommy Helms. Two decades later, in 1988, Tommy Helms again replaced Rose ... this time as manager of the Cincinnati Reds. In the meantime, Rose had broken and set the all-time records for games, wins, plate appearances, at-bats, hits and times on base.

Pete Rose did not believe in "rest days." Toward the end of the 1975 season, with the Reds on their way to 108 wins and up by 20 games, manager Sparky Anderson would repeatedly tell the 34-year-old Rose that he was going to give him a day off. "Like hell you are!" Rose would shout back. Seven years later, at age 41, Rose was still playing 162 games. At age 44, like a superannuated Energizer bunny, Rose was on base nearly 200 times. He ended up playing more games than any player in major league baseball history. How did he do it? Baseball's Mr. Indestructible had a record 17 seasons with 600 or more at-bats, and a record 23 consecutive seasons with 100 or more games played. Lou Gehrig played his last full season at age 35, Cal Ripken at age 37. They are considered to be baseball's iron men. But Pete Rose played a remarkable 1,702 games from age 34 to 45, amassing 2,026 hits during his sunset years. That's more hits than the following baseball legends had in their entire careers: Shoeless Joe Jackson, Home Run Baker, Hack Wilson, Ralph Kiner, Johnny Mize, Bill Dickey, Tony Oliva, Earle Combs, Bob Meusel, Gabby Hartnett, Mickey Cochrane and Hank Greenberg. Hell, Rose almost out-hit the celebrated hall-of-fame double play combination of Tinker-to-Evers-to-Chance by himself!

Pete Rose was major league baseball's last playing manager, for the Cincinnati Reds from 1984-1986.

Barry Larkin played on teams with Pete Rose Sr. and Pete Rose Jr. (The elder Rose bested his son by a mere 4,254 hits!)

Yogi Berra was a great catcher, but not so great at math. For instance, he explained that "baseball is ninety percent mental, and the other half is physical." And he once instructed players to "pair up in threes." Geometry wasn't his strong suit either: "You better cut the pizza in four pieces because I'm not hungry enough to eat six." Yogi wasn't much better at history, observing that "Napoleon had his Watergate." Nor was Yogi good at biology, claiming that he didn't know if streakers were male or female because they wore bags on their heads!

Casey Stengel rivaled Yogi Berra's talent for malapropisms. For instance, Stengel once told his players: "Everybody line up alphabetically according to your height."

The Chicago Cubs went 108 years between World Series appearances. There are 108 stitches in a baseball, which was designed by A. G. Spalding, the Cubs pitcher who was also their first manager. The movie Taking Care of Business, which shows the Chicago Cubs winning the World Series, is 108 minutes long. The Cubs similarly won the World Series in the movie Back To The Future II, which is also 108 minutes long. World Series MVP Ben Zobrist wears No. 18 = 10 + 8. The last time the Cubs won a World Series game was on 10/8 in 1945. The final game went 10 innings and the Cubs scored 8 runs. There is a long list of such "strange but true" coincidences.

The 1953 McClymonds High School baseball team surely had the best outfield in the history of high school baseball. Hell, it may have rivaled the best outfields in the history of major league baseball! Frank Robinson was a fourteen-time All-Star, a Gold Glove winner, a triple crown winner, and the first player to be named MVP in both leagues. He finished with 586 home runs, 1,829 runs and 1,812 RBI. Vada Pinson was a four-time All-Star and Gold Glove winner who finished with 2,757 hits, 1,365 runs and 305 steals. Curt Flood was a three-time All-Star who won seven consecutive Gold Gloves and hit .300 or higher seven times.

Curt Flood was aptly named. He could be "curt" with foolish owners, and he helped "flood" other players with money when he sued baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn over the reserve clause in 1970, an action that eventually led to the "Curt Flood rule," free agency and multi-million-dollar contracts.

Andy Messersmith was one of the first major beneficiaries of Curt Flood opening pro baseball's money floodgates. Messersmith had perhaps the most unusual nickname and number to appear together on a baseball uniform. Ted Turner, the owner of the Atlanta Braves, also owned the first TV superstation: WTBS (which aired on channel 17). When the Braves signed Messersmith as one of baseball's first millionaire free agents in 1976, Turner gave him the nickname "Channel" and assigned him uniform number 17. Thus his new ace pitcher became a walking, talking, strike-out-throwing human billboard!

Here is an example of the "Curt Flood Effect": Babe Ruth's highest annual salary was $80,000. That works out to around $150 per at-bat. In his final year, Derek Jeter made $269,841.27 per at-bat. Talk about inflation!

Ken Griffey Sr. and Ken Griffey Jr. became the first father and son to play in the same major league baseball game when they took the field together for the Seattle Mariners on August 31, 1990. In their first game together, with Sr. hitting second and Jr. hitting third, they both got singles, so they ended up on the basepaths together as well! Later that season, they would hit back-to-back home runs.

Barry Bonds, the all-time home run leader with 762, had excellent baseball bloodlines. His father was Bobby Bonds, a three-time gold glove winner for the San Francisco Giants who was a member of the 30/30 club a record five times. Reggie Jackson was his cousin and Willie Mays was his godfather! Together Bobby and Barry Bonds own the MLB records for combined "family" home runs, RBIs, and stolen bases.

Frank "Home Run" Baker never hit more than 12 home runs in a season, failed to hit 100 home runs for his career, and averaged fewer than 8 home runs per year. Why, then, was he nicknamed "Home Run" Baker? Because those were YUGE numbers, until Babe Ruth revolutionized the game by hitting home runs left, right and center.

A baseball game was once called on account of snowballs. Not snow, snowballs. On Opening Day in 1907, the New York Giants hosted the Philadelphia Phillies. The Giants fell behind and unhappy New Yorkers started throwing snowballs to express their displeasure. The umpires called the game to protect the players, awarding a victory to the Phillies.

Modern pitchers are pampered sissies, compared to Hoss Radbourn, who really was a Hoss despite standing only 5' 9" and weighing 168 pounds. In 1884 he started 73 games and completed all of them, accumulating a staggering 678 innings! 

Before you tell a young hitter not to "bail out" or "step in the bucket," please consider the case of "Bucketfoot" Al Simmons, who won two batting titles, hit .338 for his career, and drove in an amazing 1,828 runs while consistently violating baseball's cardinal hitting rule!

Mel Ott was another great hitter with an unorthodox batting style. Ott, who stood only 5'9" and weighed a mere 170 pounds, would lift his forward (right) foot high into the air, prior to making contact. Ott became the first NL hitter to surpass 500 home runs, and he led the Giants in home runs for 18 consecutive years.

Ed Delahanty "bailed out" in a different way, when he got drunk and was kicked off a train into the Niagara Falls, where he drowned in 1903. Delahanty's .346 lifetime batting average was exceeded only by Ty Cobb (.366), Rogers Hornsby (.358) and Shoeless Joe Jackson (.356).

"Shoeless" Joe Jackson earned his nickname when he removed his shoes during a game because he had blisters on his feet. Jackson was accused of "fixing" the 1919 World Series, despite setting a record that stood till 1964 by compiling 12 hits and hitting .375. He did not commit an error, and threw out a runner at the plate. So it is very hard to understand how he "threw" anything. "Shoeless Joe" spent the last 30 years of his life denying that he had "fixed" the series.

Name the first switch hitter to win an AL batting title and the first switch hitter to win the NL title. Hint:  One of them said of the other: “If I'd had to hit all those singles, I would have worn a dress.” Answer: Mickey Mantle (1956-AL) was dissing Pete Rose (1968-NL). But ironically Rose finished with 1,241 more total bases than Mantle! All those singles and doubles really did add up. Mantle had 10 seasons with 270 or more total bases, but Rose had 11 such seasons. And while Rose is not generally regarded as a slugger, he had only 41 fewer career total bases than the Sultan of Swat himself, Babe Ruth. Rose had more total bases than Lou Gehrig, Mel Ott, Jimmie Foxx and Reggie Jackson. Furthermore, Rose had more than a thousand total bases more than Rogers Hornsby, Sammy Sosa, Ernie Banks and Mike Schmidt. And he had more than two thousand total bases more than Mark McGwire, Jose Canseco, Johnny Mize, Johnny Bench and Yogi Berra. Yes, all those singles and doubles really did add up, over time.

Known as "Charlie Hustle," Pete Rose once said, "I'd walk through hell in a gasoline suit to play baseball."

Pete Rose was famous for his no-holds-barred style of play: for instance, his violent collision with Ray Fosse when Fosse blocked the plate at the 1970 all-star game. But did you know that Rose had invited Fosse over for dinner the night before?

In 1968, Bob Gibson went 22-9 with a 1.12 ERA that included a 95-inning stretch in which he allowed only two runs. Catcher Tim McCarver called Gibson the luckiest man in baseball because "he is always pitching when the other team doesn't score any runs." Sandy Koufax had a similar run of "incredible good luck." Of course it helps one's luck to be incredibly good!

In the Bill James Hall-of-Fame Monitor, Clyde and Felix Milan appear side-by-side and have exactly the same career rating. As far as I can tell they were not related, since Clyde was from Tennessee and Felix was from Puerto Rico. But they were similar in build, both being under six-foot tall and weighing around 170 pounds. Their career batting averages were very similar: .285 for Clyde and .279 for Felix. They both lacked power, hitting 17 and 22 career home runs, respectively. And they had similar slugging percentages: .353 and .343, respectively.

Pud Galvin was baseball's first 300 game winner and he ranks second only to Cy Young in complete games and innings pitched. His physique gave him the nickname Pudding, which was shortened to the slightly more dignified Pud. Galvin may have been baseball's first-ever PED user because he admitted to drinking an elixir that contained monkey testosterone, way back in 1889!

Ted Williams has been called the "greatest hitter in the history of baseball" and the "greatest fly fisherman in the world." He was also John Glenn's wingman during the Korean War. Talk about star power (not to mention starman power). “John Glenn? Oh, could he fly an airplane!” Williams once said in an interview with the Chicago Tribune. “Absolutely fearless. The best I ever saw. It was an honor to fly with him.” And Glenn may have saved his wingman's life. After getting hit by enemy anti-aircraft fire, Williams's F9F Panther jet was ablaze. Glenn flew next to his wing and pointed up. Flying higher into thinner air, the fire was extinguished, allowing Williams to make it back home safely.

Ted Williams was the best pure hitter to ever play the game. He has the highest OBP (on base percentage) of all-time, at .4817. Basically, he ended up safely on base nearly every other at-bat. If the totals for the five seasons he missed while fighting for his country were similar to what he produced in the closest years that he actually played, it has been estimated that the Splendid Splinter would have finished with something like 3,500 hits, 700 doubles, 100 triples, 700 home runs, 6,500 total bases, 2,700 walks, 2,400 runs and 2,500 RBI. That would make him the all-time leader in walks, runs and RBI, and in the top ten for every major offensive category other than stolen bases. He remains the only player to hit .400 in the modern era, and he once reached base a record 16 consecutive times.

William "Dummy" Hoy was the first deaf player ever to play Major League Baseball, but he was no slouch. Hoy finished his career with a .288 batting average, 2,044 total hits and 596 stolen bases.

It's easy as pie to guess the best-hitting pitcher of all time: Babe Ruth, duh! But who was the worst-hitting pitcher of all time? Bob Buhl had the worst season. In 1962 he went 0-for-70; including the end of the 1961 season and the start of 1963, he had an 0-for-87 streak. That's amazingly bad! For a career, Dean Chance had a truly abysmal 406 strikeouts in 662 at-bats, and a career batting average of .066. If we drop down to a minimum 200 at-bats, Ron Herbel somehow managed to hit .029 for his career.

Who was the best-hitting pitcher of modern times? Ken Brett, the brother of George Brett. For his career, Ken Brett hit .262 and slugged an impressive .406, with 10 homers and 44 RBI. He set a record for pitchers by hitting home runs in four consecutive starts when he played for Philadelphia in 1973, and he once hit a pinch-hit triple and drove in two runs. He was also the youngest pitcher to pitch in a World Series, at age nineteen. Going back in time, Wes Ferrell had a career batting average of .280. Which pitcher hit for the most power? The great Walter Johnson had several years in which he hit as many or more home runs than the teams he faced! The Big Train slammed 94 doubles, an astonishing 41 triples, and an impressive 24 career home runs. He drove in 255 runs and his 795 total bases are, by far, the greatest number of total bases by a pitcher. Bob Gibson and Don Drysdale were other great pitchers who hit with power, at times, with more than 20 career homers, but they fall far short of the Big Train's total bases and RBI.

Jim Deshaies holds the record for the most at-bats without an extra-base hit, with 373 (he hit .088 for his career).

Okay, we expect pitchers to be pitiful hitters! But who was the worst-hitting MLB position player of all time? In modern times, Mario Mendoza was such a bad hitter that his name became a synecdoche for offensive ineptitude. That is, batting below "the Mendoza line" means hitting below .200. In nine big league seasons, Mendoza failed to reach the .200 mark five times, with a career best of just .245. In 1,456 plate appearances, he compiled a batting average of .215. But perhaps the most shocking statistic was his on-base percentage: a woeful .245. Still, Mendoza was far from the worst hitter of all time! Catcher Bill Bergen (1901-11) came to bat more than 3,000 times and somehow managed to slash .170/.194/.201. Yes, that's a .201 slugging percentage! His career OPS+ was a microscopic 21. Bergen is the only player since 1901 who accumulated 250 or more plate appearances with an OPS+ of 10 or less — and he did it for three consecutive seasons! Bergen is the only player with at least 500 at-bats with an OBP under .200. In 1909, Bergen hit .139, the lowest-ever average for a player who qualified for the batting title. That season, he set another record for futility by going 46 at-bats in a row without a base hit, the longest streak ever by a position player! While there may be a debate about the greatest hitter ever to play the game―Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Ted Williams, et al―there seems to be no debate whatsoever about the worst hitter ever to grab a bat!

At just 15 years of age, Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds was the youngest player to ever appear in a Major League Baseball game.

Satchel Paige was the oldest rookie in major league baseball history, at age 42 in 1948. He made all-star teams in 1952 and 1953, at ages 46-47, but was released after the 1953 season. Paige played one more major league game in 1965 at age 59, in a publicity stunt engineered by controversial Kansas City Athletics owner Charles O. Finley. Paige sat in a bullpen rocking chair before the game and had a "nurse" who brought him coffee. But he threw three scoreless innings, then left the game with the crowd singing "The Old Gray Mare."

Paige was the oldest MLB all-star, at age 47. Pete Rose was the oldest position player to appear in an all-star game, at age 44, plus three months.

Julio Franco retired as the oldest position player in modern baseball history, at age 49 in 2007. A few years later in 2012, Jamie Moyer retired at the age of 49 as the oldest pitcher in MLB history to record a win in his final season.

Home run champions Hank Aaron and Babe Ruth both scored exactly the same number of runs in their careers: 2,174. What are the odds?

Cincinnati Reds centerfielder Cesar Gerónimo was the 3000th strikeout victim of both Nolan Ryan and Bob Gibson. (Gerónimo was better known for his Gold Glove defense in center than for his hitting.)

Cy Young holds the major league baseball record of 7,356 innings pitched. To break that record, a pitcher would have to throw 300 innings per year for 24.5 years, or 200 innings for 36.7 years! It seems safe to say that this is one record that will not only never be broken, but never even neared. The "closest" pitchers of the modern era had nearly 2,000 fewer innings than Young.

Ralph Kiner is the only player ever to lead a league in home runs for seven years in a row — and he did it his first seven years as a major league player! Kiner evidently never heard of rookie jitters, or a sophomore slump.

Who is this Mike Trout fellow, and what on earth is all the fuss about? Mike Trout doesn't even hold the single season WAR record for players with the last name Trout. That honor belongs to Dizzy Trout, who posted 11.1 bWAR for the Tigers in 1944. Hell, Mike Trout is not even the biggest fish in the Angels' pond, because Tim Salmon is the club leader with 299 home runs and ranks second with 1,016 RBI and 2,958 total bases. Talk about swimming upstream! And please don't get me started about Catfish Hunter, Mudcat Grant, Mike Carp, Kevin Bass, Sid Bream, Lip Pike, Bobby Sturgeon, Cod Myers, Harry "Slippery" Eels, or Art "Red" Herring!

Rick Ankiel was an "uber-prospect" with "amazing movement on his pitches." But after a decent rookie year, he started to uncork wild pitch after wild pitch. Eventually, he had to give up pitching. However, he made a comeback as an outfielder  with one of the strongest and most accurate outfield throwing arms in the majors. Ironically, the player who lost his accuracy as a pitcher from 60 feet 6 inches away was able to unleash some of the strongest, most accurate throws from the outfield distance that we'll ever see.  A fascinating story!

C. C. Sabathia once led both leagues in shutouts, in the same season! In 2008, he threw two shutouts for the Cleveland Indians, tying for the AL lead with seven other pitchers. He was traded to the Milwaukee Brewers, where he threw three shutouts, tying his teammate Ben Sheets for the NL lead.

Baseball players played barehanded, sans gloves, until the 1870s. But gloves did not help some of the more "challenged" defenders ...

Los Angeles Dodgers second baseman Steve Sax became unable to make routine throws to first base, committing 30 errors in 1983. The phenomena was called the "Steve Sax Syndrome." Fans who sat behind first base at Dodger Stadium would don batting helmets, professing to have no idea where Sax's errant throws might land. But Sax did eventually recover, going on to lead AL second basemen in fielding percentage and double plays in 1989.

Jose Canseco was a notoriously poor defensive outfielder. But in 1993 he exceeded all negative expectations when he turned a long fly ball by Cleveland's Carlos Martinez into a home run by "heading" it into the stands.

Dick Stuart, first baseman for the Pittsburgh Pirates, led the league in errors a record seven years in a row, from 1958 through 1964. Stuart was renowned for his atrocious fielding and earned the nicknames "Dr. Strangeglove," "Stonefingers," and "The Man with the Iron Glove." Stuart recalled that "One night in Pittsburgh, 30,000 fans gave me a standing ovation for catching a hotdog wrapper on the fly." He owned a car with the license plate "E3." His 29 errors at first base in 1963 remain the major-league record for the position.

Pete Incaviglia was such a notoriously poor defensive outfielder that his nickname was "Oops." His career fielding percentage was .966.

Curt Blefary was given the nickname "Clank" by teammate Frank Robinson, who claimed it was the sound the ball made when it banged against Blefary's glove.

Outfielder Smead Jolley was one of the most challenged defensive players in the history of the game. Jolley committed 44 errors in just four seasons, and once made three errors on a single play, having the ball somehow go through his legs twice. But the official scorer took pity on poor Jolley, giving him only two errors.

Glenn Liebman quoted a teammate of Babe Herman as saying: "Babe wore a glove for only one reason. It was a league custom. The glove would last him a minimum of six years because it rarely made contact with the ball." Liebman quoted another source as saying that Herman did get a bit better later in his career: "Herman improved greatly in his ninth season. He still hadn't caught a ball yet, but he was getting a lot closer." Herman led NL first basemen in errors in 1927, then changed positions ... only to lead NL outfielders in errors the next two years, playing right field. And Herman was not much better as a base runner. He once ended up standing on third with two teammates, having somehow "doubled into a double play." The play led to a joke: "The Dodgers have three men on base! Oh yeah, which base?" Herman was also thrown out by 48-year-old Cardinals manager Gabby Street, who had been forced into emergency duty as a catcher. And twice he turned home runs into singles by standing and gawking while teammates passed him on the basepaths. For such snafus, Herman was dubbed "The Headless Horseman of Ebbets Field."

Pete Browning was one of the worst fielders in major league baseball history. An oft-reported story, possibly apocryphal, features one of Browning's managers claiming that the team would be better off with a wooden statue of an Indian in the outfield, since there was at least a slim chance that a batted ball might strike the statue and bounce back in the direction of the field. Indeed, Browning led his league's outfielders in errors in both 1886 and 1887. Browning's baserunning was also considered sub-par, exacerbated by his refusal to slide. According to some accounts, on defense he would stand on one leg to avoid collisions with baserunners. According to other accounts, he was drunk! But if so, he could apparently hit drunk, as his career batting average of .341 is one of the highest on record. He was reported to have said: "I can't hit the ball until I hit the bottle!"

Pete Browning is probably best remembered today as the inspiration behind the "Louisville Slugger" line of baseball bats. Browning was known as the "Louisville Slugger" for his impressive power. He was the first player to purchase a bat from the company, and they adopted the name a few years later to honor his patronage and capitalize on his fame.

Browning was also known as "The Gladiator," although sources differ as to whether the nickname applied to his struggles with ownership, the press, his drinking problem, or those elusive fly balls!

When Browning signed with the Pittsburg franchise, he helped give it the nickname "Pirates." Other teams claimed that it was an act of "piracy" for Pittsburg to sign free agents (a revolutionary idea at the time).  

Nolan Ryan was the greatest strikeout artist of all time, but he struck out as a fielder, once committing 30 errors in four seasons while with the California Angels. Fastballs were Ryan's forte; ground balls weren't. His career fielding percentage was a woeful .895!

Bill Dahlen holds the all-time record for most errors 1,080. He committed 86 errors in a single season while playing for the Chicago Colts in 1895.

Adam Dunn almost holds the modern baseball distinction of leading the league in errors at two different positions! In 2006, Dunn led all NL outfielders in errors with 12. In 2010, he finished second in errors at first base, to Ryan Howard, with 13. After that, he was primarily a DH!

But who was the absolute worst defender in the history of major league baseball? The long and short appears to be Herman Long, a shortstop who made 1,096 errors in 1,882 games, or more than an error every other game! His career fielding percentage was .908.

Going from the ridiculous to the sublime: Brooks Robinson undoubtedly is the greatest defensive third baseman ever: 16 straight Gold Gloves and 11 seasons leading the AL in fielding percentage. After Robinson's tour de force in the 1970 World Series, Sparky Anderson said, "He can throw his glove out there and it will start 10 double plays by itself."

Jim Abbot was born without a right hand. At age 11, he threw a no-hitter in his first Little League game. In high school, he fielded and threw well enough to play first base and outfield when not pitching. And he hit .427 with 7 home runs, batting essentially one-handed. While at the University of Michigan, Abbott won the James E. Sullivan Award and the Golden Spikes Award, as the nation's best amateur athlete and best amateur baseball player, respectively. He won a gold medal in the baseball demonstration event at the 1988 Summer Olympics, pitching a complete game victory in the gold medal game against Japan. He was also the first U.S. pitcher to beat the Cuban national team in Cuba in 25 years. Abbot was drafted in the first round of the 1988 MLB draft and reached the major leagues the next year, never playing in the minors. In 1991, Abbott won 18 games with the Angels while posting an ERA of 2.89, finishing third in the Cy Young Award voting. In the 1992 season, he posted a 2.77 ERA and won the Tony Conigliaro Award. He threw a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians in 1993.

Pete Gray was right-handed, until he lost his right arm at age seven or eight. In 1944, playing for the Memphis Chicks, he hit .333 with 221 total bases and 68 stolen bases. As a result, he was named the Southern Association's Most Valuable Player. Gray played 77 games in the outfield for the St. Louis Browns in 1945, hitting .218 with six doubles and two triples. He was a competent fielder, even playing center field, but struggled to hit breaking balls in the majors. Because he had only one hand, once he started his swing, he was unable to check it or adjust his timing. He did not play in the majors after 1945.

In 1884, Hugh "One Arm" Daily had a season for the ages, throwing four one-hitters, striking out a then-record 19 batters in a game, and finishing with a record 483 strikeouts for the season. But the competition was watered down, his career was soon over, and he retired with a record of 73-87.

Mordecai "Three Finger" Brown was the victim of a farming accident with a food chopper. However, his loss of two fingers led to a grip that gave him a devastating curveball, which both curved and sank. His career ERA of 2.06 is the best in MLB history for pitchers with 200 or more wins. 

Eddie Gaedel retired from major league baseball with a perfect 1.000 on-base percentage. Of course, it helped that he had the smallest strike zone in history, as Gaedel stood only 3 foot, 7 inches tall! Gaedel's appearance for the St. Louis Browns was a prank; his uniform number was 1/8. He walked on four pitches, was replaced by a pinch runner, and was never heard from again ... on a baseball field. American League president Will Harridge, saying Browns owner Bill Veeck had made a mockery of the game, voided Gaedel's contract the next day. In response, Veeck threatened to request an official ruling as to whether Yankees shortstop and reigning MVP Phil Rizzuto was a short ballplayer or a tall dwarf!

"Slug" was an appropriate label for the hard-hitting Harry Heilmann. He was a slugger, and the contrast between the thunder in his lumber and his slow feet made the nickname doubly appropriate. Heilmann won four batting titles, and his .403 average in 1923 made him the last AL right-hander to hit over .400 in a full season. What would he have hit if he had possessed Ty Cobb's speed?

Luke Appling, the man called "Old Aches and Pains," was famous for complaining, but that rarely kept him off the field. He finished his career as baseball's all-time leader in games and double plays at shortstop. Legend has it that Appling once fouled off ten pitches just to provide souvenirs.

Dick Sharon once said of Nolan Ryan, baseball's all-time strikeout leader nicknamed the Ryan Express, "He's baseball's exorcist; he scares the devil out of you."

Jim Palmer won three Cy Young awards, and four Gold Gloves, and won 20 or more games eight times, but he may be most famous for modeling underwear.

Which two players in the modern era had the highest on-base percentages at age 43 or older? Answer: Reds teammates Pete Rose (.364) and Tony Pérez (.363), in a virtual tie. Rose also had two of the top ten batting averages of all time for players age 43 and older. Pérez has the highest slugging percentage (.410) for such players. Rose and Pérez rank in the top ten in nearly every major batting category for players age 43 and older. If we expand the category to players age 40 and over, Rose leads all players in the modern era in games, at bats, plate appearances, hits, walks, times on base, singles, doubles, triples, total bases and runs created. And he ranks in the top ten in nearly every category other than homers and slugging. It seems safe to say that Pete Rose was, overall, the greatest player of the modern era from age 40 to retirement.

Roberto Clemente finished his career with exactly 3,000 hits. He got his 3,000th hit in his last official at-bat. Clemente died on the last day of that year, December 31, 1972, while trying to deliver humanitarian aid to earthquake victims in Nicaragua. His older brother Luis also died on December 31, but in 1954.

Kid Nichols almost always finished what he started, completing 532 of his 562 career starts.

Albert Pujols is one of only six players to reach 1,600 RBIs before age 35, joining Jimmie Foxx, Lou Gehrig, Alex Rodriguez, Mel Ott and Hank Aaron. That's pretty exclusive company, to say the least! Pujols will almost certainly retire as the foreign-born player with the most home runs (currently 601) and RBI (currently 1,862).

The argument can be made that Babe Ruth was the greatest baseball player of all time, because Ruth was one of the best pitchers of his era before he became its best power hitter. His career ERA of 2.28 is the 17th best of all time, and half the pitchers who rank above him are mysterious figures from baseball's distant dead-ball days. Ruth was a winner, ranking 11th in career winning percentage at .671. And he was at his best on the biggest stage of all. Ruth pitched 29 1/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the World Series: a record that stood for 42 years. He was 3-0 in the World Series with a microscopic ERA of 0.87. According to CBS Sports, Ruth is one of the ten greatest World Series pitchers of all time. According to Game Score, Ruth's 14 innings of one-run ball in game two of the 1916 Fall Classic remains the single greatest start in World Series history by any pitcher, ever.

The New York Yankees are the most successful major league baseball team of all time. Who is the pitcher with the best won-lost percentage of any hurler with at least with 15 wins against the Yankees? Babe Ruth, who was 17-5 with a .773 winning percentage against the Yankees, while pitching for the Red Sox!

However, Babe Ruth was not the most versatile baseball superstar. That honor goes to Pete Rose, who was an all-star at five different positions: 2B, LF, RF, 3B and 1B. Rose also played CF, and was even a player-manager! And he was all-world at those five positions, making 17 all-star teams, earning two Gold Gloves, and appearing in the MVP rolls a remarkable 15 times.

Cap Anson is in the baseball hall of fame, and was the first player to tally 3,000 hits. But he was also a champion balkline billiards player and won a national title as part of a five-man bowling team. He was also an avid golfer.

Bo Jackson is the only athlete to be named an all-star in two major American sports: baseball and football. He also won the Heisman trophy and was named the greatest athlete of all time by ESPN. He was a two-time Alabama state champion in the decathlon, setting state high school records for indoor high-jump (6'9") and triple-jump (48'8"). Jackson's 221 yards on November 30, 1987, just 29 days after his first NFL carry, is still a Monday Night Football record. His NFL career rushing average of 5.40 yards per carry is third-best of all time, and better than Jim Brown's, Walter Payton's and Emmitt Smith's. Jackson was a very rare athlete: able to throw a football 60 years, run 4.2 in the 40-yard dash, and bench press over 400 pounds. Was he the greatest dual-sport athlete ever?

Or was Jim Brown the best multi-sport athlete of all time? He is considered by many to be the best running back in NFL history and was named the best NFL player of all time by the Sporting News. He was also called the best lacrosse player in his day. And he averaged 38 points per game as a high school basketball player (his scoring record was later broken by another great multi-sport athlete, Carl Yastrzemski). Brown earned 13 letters in high school, playing football, basketball, baseball, lacrosse, and running track.

Or was the best multi-sport athlete Jim Thorpe, who has also been called the world's greatest athlete? Thorpe excelled in baseball, football, basketball, track and field, lacrosse ... even ballroom dancing! A Native American, and a descendent of the legendary Chief Black Hawk, Thorpe was relegated to his tribe's reservation until he participated in athletics for the Carlisle Indian Industrial School (which competed in NCAA events). Thorpe led Carlisle to back-to-back National Championships in football, and was a three-time All-American. In a game against top-ranked Harvard, Thorpe scored all his team's points in an 18-15 upset, kicking four field goals! Thorpe also won the 1912 intercollegiate ballroom dancing championship. He won gold medals in the 1928 Olympic games for Pentathlon and Decathlon, with records that would not be bested for 36 years. After his career with Carlisle, he played professional football, professional baseball, and barnstormed as a professional basketball player. Thorpe played major league baseball with the New York Giants, Cincinnati Reds and Boston Braves. In his best major league baseball season, he hit .327 for Boston. He was named to the first All-NFL team, and even co-founded and served as the first president of the American Professional Football Association, which became the NFL. In 1950, the national press selected Jim Thorpe as the most outstanding athlete of the first half of the 20th Century. He was also named Athlete of the Century by ABC's Wide World of Sports. Among his amazing athletic accomplishments, he once high-jumped 5'9" in street clothes (heavy overalls), and kicked a wind-assisted 95-yard punt.

Who is the only player to hit a major league home run and score an NFL touchdown in the same week? "Neon" Deion Sanders hit a home run for the NY Yankees on September 5, 1989, then followed up on September 9 with a 68-yard touchdown return for the Atlanta Falcons. "Primetime" was named the 1994 NFL defensive player of the year. He was a 9-time pro bowler, and 6 times an all-pro. Neon Deion won two Superbowls with the 49ers and another with the Cowboys. He once ran 4.17 in the 40-yard dash and may have been the best "shutdown" cover cornerback of all time. And he was an electrifying returner of punts, kick-offs and interceptions.

Jackie Robinson was not just the first African-American to play major league baseball; he was a dynamic multi-sport athlete. In high school Robinson played shortstop and catcher on the baseball team, quarterback on the football team, and guard on the basketball team. With the track and field squad, he dominated the broad jump. He was also a member of the tennis team. In 1936, Robinson won the boys' singles championship in the annual Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament. After a short stint in junior college, Robinson chose to attend UCLA, where he became the school's first athlete to play four varsity sports: baseball, basketball, football, and track. In track Robinson won the 1940 NCAA Men's Track and Field Championships in the long jump, jumping over 24 feet. Oddly enough his future career, baseball was Robinson's worst sport at UCLA! Robinson played football semi-professionally in Hawaii and Los Angeles before serving in WWII after the Pearl Harbor attacks. After being discharged from the Army in 1944, Robinson joined the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro leagues. Playing shortstop, he played in 47 games, hitting .387 with 5 home runs and 13 stolen bases, good enough to make the 1945 all-star game. Kansas City took notice of his play and signed him on November 1, 1945. He spent one year in the minor leagues before breaking the major league color barrier in 1947. During his 10 major league seasons, Robinson excelled, making 6 all-star games and winning the 1949 NL MVP award. The speedy second baseman twice led the league in stolen bases and lead the National League in batting average at .342 in 1949. 

Forget what you've been told: Jackie Robinson wasn't the first black athlete to play major league baseball, or even the second! On July 15, 1884, Weldy Wilberforce Walkeralso known as Welday Walker and W. W. Walkerbecame the second African American to play in the majors. So who was the first? None other than his brother, Moses Fleetwood Walker! Their father, Moses W. Walker, was a minister and one of Ohio's first black physicians. "Fleet" Walker became the first African American to play a varsity sport for the University of Michigan, where he starred on the baseball team. He then became the first African American player in the majors on May 1, 1884 (a few months before his younger brother joined him on the Toledo Blue Stockings, then a major league franchise). But apparently Cap Anson, then baseball's greatest superstar, refused to take the field against the Walkers, and they were forced out of the majors and soon thereafter the minors as well. Major league baseball would have an impregnable color barrier for more than half a century, until Jackie Robinson broke it for good on April 15, 1947.

But hold on, because the plot thickens! There is reason to believe that William Edward White may have predated Jackie Robinson by 68 years, and the Walker brothers by five. White played one game as substitute for the Providence Grays of the National League on June 21, 1879. According to research by SABR, he may have been born a slave in 1860, but having lighter skin was able to pass for white. If the research is correct, White was not only the first African American to play major league baseball, but the only former slave as well. That would put Jackie Robinson fourth in our list, but by no means diminish his accomplishments―not only as an athlete, but as an equal rights activist and reformer.
 
Danny Ainge is the only athlete in the history of the United States to be named a high school All-American in three sports. Ainge excelled in football, basketball and baseball at North Eugene High in Oregon. He led his team to back-to-back state championships in basketball. As a junior quarterback Ainge was named to the Parade magazine all-American football team. Many thought his best sport was baseball where he was drafted by the Toronto Bluejays straight out of high school. Ainge chose to attend BYU on a basketball scholarship, but before he did that he signed with the Toronto Bluejays. Which meant that Danny would play for the Bluejays and attend BYU at the same time. During his sophomore season Ainge would be called up to the majors by the Bluejays. He hit his first home run at 20 years and 77 days old, a franchise record. At BYU Ainge dominated on the basketball court, posting at least 18 points, 4 assist and 4 rebounds during each of his four seasons. Ainge concluded his senior year by winning the John R. Wooden Award. During his career at BYU, Ainge was an All-American, the WAC Player of the Year and a four-time All-WAC selection. He concluded his college career having scored in double-figures in 112 consecutive games, an NCAA record at that time. After his third season with the Bluejays, Ainge decided to give up baseball to focus on basketball (he could never hit the curve). The guard was drafted by the Boston Celtics in 1981. Ainge would contribute to two Boston championships in 1984 and 1986. His best season came during 1988 when he averaged 15 points, 6 assists and 3 rebounds, good enough to be selected as an all-star. Ainge finished his 14-year NBA career with 11,964 points and 4,199 assists. 

John Elway starred at baseball and football. After his high school baseball career was over, he was drafted by the Royals. But he chose to attend Stanford, where he hit .361 with nine home runs and 50 RBIs in 49 games as a sophomore. After his sophomore season, he was picked in the first round by the Yankees. He hit .314 with a club-high 24 homers with the Yankees' single-A farm club. Elway started for three seasons on the gridiron for Stanford. He finished his football career with 9,349 passing yards, 77 passing touchdowns and only 39 interceptions. Elway was taken first in the 1983 NFL draft by Baltimore, but was then traded to Denver. Elway went on to a storied NFL career with two Super Bowl victories in his final two seasons. He finished his career with over 50,000 passing yards, 300 passing touchdowns and was selected to the pro bowl 9 times. He was also named the NFL MVP in 1987 and the Super Bowl MVP in 1999.

Which Hall of Fame pitchers played basketball with the Harlem Globetrotters? Ferguson Jenkins and Bob Gibson.

Who is the only player to play on championship teams in both MLB and the NBA? Gene Conley with the 1957 Milwaukee Braves World Series Champs and 1959-61 Boston Celtics NBA Champs.

Chuck Conners, the actor best known as TV's the Rifleman, is one of 12 people to play in the NBA (Celtics) and MLB (Dodgers/Cubs). Conners was also drafted by the NFL's Chicago Bears and is credited with being the first player to shatter an NBA backboard, in 1946.

Todd Helton had a hall-of-fame baseball career, but did you know that he once started at quarterback for the Tennessee Volunteers? Unfortunately for Helton, his understudy was a gawky freshman named Peyton Manning, and Helton soon retired his football cleats.

Which major league baseball player scored 33 runs and stole 31 bases without ever making a plate appearance? Herb Washington, a former Michigan State All-American sprinter who played only as a pinch runner for the Oakland A's in the 1970s.

Nicknamed the "Mechanical Man," Charlie Gehringer batted .300 or better 13 times, scored 100 runs or more 12 times and collected 200 hits seven times. Pitcher Lefty Gomez marveled at Gehringer's remarkable consistency, saying: "Charlie Gehringer is in a rut. He hits .350 on Opening Day and stays there all season."

A creature of habit, Wade Boggs would eat chicken before every game, take the exact same number of ground balls and run sprints at exactly the same time. That discipline served him well at the plate, as Boggs might have had the best batting eye the game has ever seen. As George Brett said in 1988 about Boggs: "A woman will be elected president before Wade Boggs is called out on strikes. I guarantee that."

New York Yankee Don Larsen, a mediocre 81-91 lifetime pitcher, pitched the only perfect game in World Series history on October 8, 1956. Oddly, Larsen's wife filed for divorce that same day.

From April 30, 1982 to September 19, 1990, Cal Ripkin Jr. played 2,632 straight games, which means he didn't miss a single game in sixteen years.

Name the future Hall of Famer who was pitching when pitcher Joe Niekro smacked his only career homer, in 1976? Answer: Joe's brother, Phil Niekro. The dinger tied the game at 2-2 and Joe's Astros eventually beat Phil's Braves 4-3.

How many times was Roger Maris intentionally walked the year he hit 61 homers? Answer: Zero. (Of course he did have Mickey Mantle hitting behind him.)

Sammy Sosa broke Roger Maris' record of 61 home runs three times. How many of those years did he lead the league in home runs? Answer: Zero. (Mark McGwire hit more in 1998 and 1999, while Barry Bonds hit more in 2001.)

Joey Votto played the entire 2010 baseball season without hitting an infield pop-up. In 2011, he hit an infield pop-up just once. Also, through July of 2012, Votto had pulled just one ball foul in his entire career. In 2012, despite missing around 50 games, Votto still led the N.L. in walks with 94, and in on-base percentage for the third straight year. His .474 on-base percentage means that he gets on base nearly every other plate appearance. That's Ted Williams territory.

Fidel Castro was a star baseball player for the University of Havana.

Robert Redford attended the University of Colorado on a baseball scholarship.

During the Battle of the Bulge, Americans used their knowledge of baseball to determine whether soldiers were really Americans, or German infiltrators wearing American uniforms.

MLB made a rule during WWII, which said that in the event of an enemy bombing, whoever led after five innings would be declared the winner.

Baseball player Moe Berg (1902-1972) was a linguist. He used Latin rather than hand signals to communicate on the field. His knowledge of languages made him a useful spy after his baseball career ended.

On June 11 and 15, 1938, Johnny Vander Meer pitched back-to-back no-hitters for the Cincinnati Reds. The second no-no was pitched at Ebbets Field and was the first night game ever played there.

Johnny Bench, a Hall of Fame catcher, could hold seven baseballs in one hand.

Mike Piazza, like Johnny Bench, is one of the best offensive catchers ever. However, unlike Bench, Piazza has the second-worst dWAR of all time.

Pitcher Jim Abbott was born without a right hand, yet had a ten-season baseball career which included throwing a no-hitter for the New York Yankees vs. Cleveland in 1993.

On July 17, 1990, the Twins entered the history books when they turned the ultimate rally killer twice. Playing the Red Sox, the first triple-dip occurred in the bottom of the fourth inning, the second in the bottom of the eighth. Incredibly, the Twins managed to lose the game. The next day, the Twins and Red Sox set more history: they combined for the most double plays ever, a game the Twins also managed to lose.

Babe Ruth wore a wet cabbage leaf under his cap during games, to keep cool. He would change it for a new one every two innings.

A teenage girl named Jackie Mitchell rocked baseball in the 1930s. Mitchell was one of the first female baseball players. Her father began teaching her to play baseball as soon as she could hold a ball. She was neighbors with Hall of Fame pitcher Dazzy Vance, who taught her what became her signature pitch: a devastating sinker. When she was 17, she began touring with different teams. At one point she struck out nine batters in a row. Joe Engle spotted her in 1931 and signed her to a contract to play for the Chattanooga Lookouts, a AA minor league baseball club. It was with this team that she faced some of the greatest players during an exhibition. The first batter she faced was the Sultan of Swat, Babe Ruth himself. She threw a high ball first, then struck him out on three swinging strikes. Lou Gehrig came up next, and struck out on three consecutive sinkers. But she ruffled too many male feathers, her contract was voided, and she wasn't allowed to play ball anymore.

Warren Spahn was one of the greatest pitchers in the history of baseball, and he was no slouch with the bat. He retired with 363 wins, and exactly the same number of hits.

In 1997, despite a league-leading 744 plate appearances, Houston Astros second baseman Craig Biggio did not ground into a single double play all season. 

On July 27, 1930 Reds pitcher Ken Ash was brought into a game against the Cubs with two on and no outs. He delivered one pitch which resulted in a triple play. Ash was pinch-hit for in the bottom of the inning, and the Reds staged a rally to win the game 6-5. Thus Ash entered the history books as the only man to win a MLB game with a single pitch.

Late in the 1957 season, the Dodgers were getting ready to move out west (unknown to their fans), and the Cubs were going nowhere (as usual). Each team deciding they needed some new blood down on the farm (plus the Cubs farm team was already in Los Angeles), traded not one, two, or even three players, but the entire 25-man roster. If it wasn't the strangest trade ever, it certainly was the biggest!

Joel Youngblood was a center fielder for the Mets; in 1982, they were playing the Cubs in Chicago, Youngblood struck out his first at-bat but knocked a single his next. After the Cubbies had retired the Mets in the top of the inning, Youngblood was informed that he had been traded to the Expos. He arrived in Philadelphia, where the Expos were playing the Phillies, mid-way through the game. Coming in as a pinch hitter, Youngblood recorded his second hit of a very long day!

"Neon" Deion Sanders is the only person to hit an MLB home run and score an NFL touchdown in the same week. He's also the only person to play in the World Series and the Super Bowl.

The Yankees, Cubs, Angels and Dodgers are the only four MLB teams that lack a mascot. The Yankees used to have one, but he quit after being beaten up by fans.

Jason Varitek is the only person to have played in the Little League World Series, the National Championship of the College World Series, the MLB World Series, Olympic Baseball, and the World Baseball Classic. He also caught a record four no-hitters during his career.

MLB umpires are required by rule to wear black underwear, in case they split their pants.

In 1978, during a match between Texas Rangers and Baltimore Orioles, a fan suffered a heart attack. His life was saved by a baseball player, George "Doc" Medich, who was a medical student during the off season.

In the 1934 World Series, the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Detroit Tigers. Jerome "Dizzy" Dean and his kid brother Paul "Daffy" Dean won two games each, accounting for all four Cardinal wins.

Name the trio of brothers who, in the eighth inning of a game played on September 15, 1963, made history by playing together in the outfield for the San Francisco Giants. Answer: Felipe, Jesus and Matty Alou.

In 1962 the New York Mets traded for Harry Chiti in exchange for a player to be named later. That player ended up being Harry Chiti. Thus Chiti was, in a sense, traded for himself.

In the third inning of his May 10, 2013 start against the Padres, Alex Cobb faced four hitters, struck out all four and still gave up a run (WP, SB, SB, balk).

In 1930 when asked how he felt about holding out for a salary higher than President Herbert Hoover's, Babe Ruth laconically replied, "Why not, I had a better year than he did."

On the other hand, the worst professional season of all time undoubtedly belonged to the 1899 Cleveland Spiders, who went 20-134 and finished last in the NL, 84 games behind the pennant winner, Brooklyn. The Spiders averaged 145 paying fans per game, lost 40 of their last 41 games, and folded forever at the end of the season. Their pitching staff gave up more than eight runs per game.

"Marvelous Marv" Throneberry was the worst player on the worst team of all time. Playing for the 120-loss Mets in 1962, Throneberry set a record for lowest fielding percentage by a first baseman (.981). He once hit a triple, but was called out after missing both first and second base. Like Bob Uecker, Throneberry turned ineptitude into glory, with the help of Miller Lite commercials. "If I do for Lite what I did for baseball," he said, "I'm afraid their sales will go down." Jimmy Breslin agreed. He once wrote that "Having Marv Throneberry play for your team is like having Willie Sutton work for your bank."

Mets manager Casey Stengel once told Throneberry: "We was going to get you a birthday cake, but we figured you'd drop it."

Almost as amusing as Marv Throneberry was catcher Choo Choo Coleman, a career .197 hitter. Stengel didn't think too highly of Coleman, explaining how he kept his job: "You have to have a catcher or you'll have all passed balls."

Butch Hobson committed a whopping 43 errors at the hot corner in 1978, finishing the season with an .899 fielding percentage, one of the lowest at any position for a full-time player in the modern era. And he was consistent, as his career fielding percentage wasn't much better, at .927.

Eddie Gaedel, the star of Bill Veeck's famous (or infamous) publicity stunt, stood only three feet, seven inches tall in his St. Louis Browns uniform. But he was an unstoppable offensive force: in his lone at-bat in 1951, he took four balls, went to first base, and was replaced by a pinch runner. The commissioner intervened, and Gaedel retired with a career on-base percentage of 1.000.

Bob Kammeyer gave up only eight runs pitching for the Yankees in 1979. Unfortunately, he never recorded an out, and ended the season with an earned run average of infinity. (Infinity being only slightly worse than his 1978 ERA of 5.82.)

In May of 1912, a man named Claude Lueker, who had no hands, heckled Ty Cobb by calling the Georgia Peach—himself a renowned bigot—"half a nigger." Cobb entered the stands and slugged Lueker repeatedly, ignoring the pleas of fans for him to stop beating up a man with no hands. When Cobb was suspended indefinitely for the assault, his Tigers teammates went on strike until Cobb was reinstated. To avoid paying hefty fines and forfeiting the next game, the Tigers had to find replacement players. Aloysius Travers was one of those replacements: a violist and college student, the priest-in-training was assistant manager of the St. Joseph's College baseball team. In his one major league appearance, Travers pitched a complete game, allowing 26 hits and 24 runs (only 14 earned).

Records of Bill Bergen's early 20th century baseball career have him as an excellent defensive catcher—perhaps the best of his day. Unfortunately they also have him as a terrible waste offensively. Bergen has the lowest career batting average of any player with at least 2,500 at bats. He hit .170 with two career home runs.

Tony Suck sucked long before the word "suck" came to mean what it means today. Suck retired in 1884 after two seasons of miserable play as a catcher, shortstop, and outfielder with the Buffalo Bisons, Baltimore Monumentals, and Chicago Browns. His offense was lousy: a career on-base percentage of .205, a career slugging percentage of .161, and zero home runs. His defense, incredibly, was worse: Suck's fielding percentage was .894 behind the plate, .783 in the outfield, and .754 at shortstop.

Rabbit Maranville is in the Hall of Fame. He was famously short, famously ugly, and famously fast (hence the nickname Rabbit). Less famous is the fact that Maranville was not a particularly effective hitter or base stealer. His career OPS+ was 82. He stole 291 bases and was caught 112 times, and that's with 14 years' worth of his caught-stealing numbers missing!

Mike Kekich was not an effective major league pitcher. By the low-scoring standards of the late 1960s and early 1970s, his 4.59 career ERA was atrocious. Nor was Kekich an effective family man. In 1972, Kekich and teammate Fritz Peterson traded families. They swapped wives, children, dogs and houses. Despite their nontraditional method of pairing off, Peterson and the former Mrs. Kekich got married and had four children of their own. However, Kekich and the former Mrs. Peterson were finished in a matter of weeks.

The All-Time OPS+ Rankings had some interesting "twins" and "triplets" the last time I checked in June 2017 ...

Jack Clark and Will Clark (137)
Bernie Williams and Cy Williams (125)
Chili Davis and George Davis (121)
Bob Meusel and Irish Meusel (118)
Bill Robinson and Brooks Robinson (104)
Mickey Mantle, the "Commerce Comet," and Mike Trout, the "Milltown Meteor" (172)
Jimmie Foxx and Mark McGwire, two "beasts" who played first base and terrified pitchers (163)
Hank Greenberg and Johnny Mize, two slugging first basemen with very similar stats (158)
Willie Mays, Hank Aaron and Joe DiMaggio, three outfielders with similar skills and grace (155-156)
Albert Pujols and Miguel Cabrera, the two premier sluggers still playing in 2017 (154)
Willie McCovey and Willie Stargell (147) ... They were so similar, I used to get them confused!
Harmon Killebrew and Eddie Matthews, two home-run "beasts" at third (143)
Jackie Robinson and Joe Morgan, perhaps the two most gifted athletes to play second (132)
Johnny Bench, Yogi Berra, Ernie Lombardi, Gabby Harnett and Joe Mauer (125-126)
Tony Perez and Ernie Banks, both all-stars who moved to first and drove in slews of runs (122)
Pete Rose and Ken Griffey Sr. hit first and second for the 1976 Reds and had eerily similar stats (118)
Pie Traynor, Candy Maldonado, Bake McBride and Taffy Wright (107-115)
Debs Garms, Chick Gandil and Blondie Purcell (103)

Weirdest baseball names and nicknames: Coco Crisp, Milton Bradley, Howard Johnson, Razor Shines, Wonderful Monds, Dummy Hoy, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, Babe Herman, Baby Doll Jacobson, Cupid Childs, Urban Shocker, Rube Waddell, Patsy Dougherty, Van Lingle Mungo, Oil Can Boyd, Chili Davis, Pickles Dilhoeffer, Oyster Burns, Beef Bonser, Dick Pole, Dick Padden, Pete LaCock, Jack Glasscock, "Ugly Johnny Dickshot, Rusty Kuntz, Cannonball Titcomb, Pussy Tebeau, Eddie Stanky, Chief Bender, Shooty Babbit, Tim Spooneybarger, Snuffy Stirnweiss, Stuffy McInnis, Ten Million, Goose Gossage, Rabbit Marranville, Moose Solters, "Bald Eagle" Isbell, Snake Wiltse, Chicken Wolf aka William Van Winkle Wolf, Boog Powell, Hoot Evers, Bubbles Hargrave, George "The Destroyer" Foster, Dick "Dr. Strangeglove" Stuart, Calvin Coolidge Julius Caesar Tuskahoma McLish (better known as Cal McLish), "Kaiser" Wilhelm, "Chubby" Childs, "Boom-Boom" Beck, "Piano Legs" Hickman, "Fatty" Fothergill, "Vinegar Bend" Mizell, Ted "The Splendid Splinter" Williams, Willie "The Say Hey Kid" Mays, "Hammerin'" Hank Aaron, "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, "Rapid Robert" Bob Feller, Sandy "The Left Arm of God" Koufax, Joe "The Yankee Clipper" DiMaggio, Reggie "Mr. October" Jackson, Harmon "Killer" Killebrew, Ozzie "Wizard of Oz" Smith, Frank "The Big Hurt" Thomas, "Steady" Eddie Murray, Willie "Stretch" McCovey, "Big Poison" Paul Waner, "Little Poison" Lloyd Waner, "The Fordham Flash" Frankie Frisch, Carlton "Pudge" Fisk, Ivan "Pudge" Rodriguez, "Knucksie" Phil Niekro, Bert "Be Home" Blyleven, "Dizzy" and "Daffy" Dean (brothers who were teammates on the Cardinals), Pete "Charlie Hustle" Rose, "High Pockets" Kelly

Currently rising baseball names and nicknames: "The Earl of Snohomish" Earl Averill, Duke Snider, "The Baby Bull" Orlando Cepeda, "Beauty" Dave Bancroft, Chick Stahl, Lady Baldwin, Granny Hamner, Sherry Smith, Bunny Fabrique, Candy LaChance, Patsy Donovan, Ivy Olson, Possum Whitted, Brickyard Kennedy, John Montgomery Ward, Phenomenal Smith, Pop Corkhill, Mysterious Walker, Wheezer Dell, Duster Mails, Sloppy Thurston, Dazzy Vance, Charles "Silver" King, "Sliding" Billy Hamilton, Adonis Terry, Con Daily, Bones Ely, Dude Esterbrook, Fielder Jones, Wee Willie Keeler, Pee Wee Reese, Ice Box Chamberlain

Related Pages: The Greatest Baseball Team of All Time, All-Time Cincinnati Reds Baseball Team, The Greatest Baseball Infields of All Time, Cincinnati Reds Trivia, Is Mike Trout the GOAT?, Best Baseball Nicknames, Weird Baseball Facts and Trivia, Baseball Hall of Fame: The Best Candidates

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